en
×

分享给微信好友或者朋友圈

使用微信“扫一扫”功能。
作者简介:

吴亮君,男,1991年生。博士研究生在读,助理研究员,主要从事沉积学与地质遗迹调查。E-mail:wulj@karst.ac.cn.

参考文献
Aretz M, Chevalier E. 2007. After the collapse of stromatoporid-coral reefs-the Famennian and Dinantian reefs of Belgium: Much more than Waulsortian mounds. Geological Society (special publications), 275: 163~188.
参考文献
Aretz M, Poty E, Devuyst F X, Hance L, Hou Hongfei. 2012. Late Tournaisian Waulsortian-like carbonate mud banks from South China (Longdianshan Hill, central Guangxi): Preliminary investigations. Geological Journal, 47: 450~461.
参考文献
Becker R T, Gradstein F M, Hammer O. 2012. The Devonian period. In: Gradstein F M, Ogg J G, Schmitz M D, Ogg G M, eds. The Geologic Time Scale 2012, 2. Amsterdam: Elsevier, 559~601.
参考文献
Brenckle P L, Lane H R . 2005. Stratigraphy and biostratigraphy of the Mississippian subsystem (carboniferous system) in its type region, the Mississippi River Valley of Illinois, Missouri and Iowa. Champaign ILL Illinois State Geological Survey.
参考文献
Buggisch W, Wang Xiangdong, Alekseev A S, Joachimski M M. 2011. Carboniferous-Permian carbon isotope stratigraphy of successions from China (Yangtze platform), USA (Kansas) and Russia (Moscow Basin and Urals). Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 301: 18~38.
参考文献
Bureau of Geology and Mineral Resources of Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region. 1985. Regional Geology of Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region. Beijing: Geological Publishing House (in Chinese).
参考文献
Bureau of Geology and Mineral Resources of Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region. 1992. Devonian of Guangxi. Wuhan: China University of Geosciences Press (in Chinese).
参考文献
Bureau of Geology and Mineral Resources of Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region. 1999. Carboniferous of Guangxi. Wuhan: China University of Geosciences Press (in Chinese).
参考文献
Chen Bo, Joachimski M M, Wang Xiangdong, Shen Shuzhong, Qi Yuping, Qie Wenkun. 2016. Ice volume and paleoclimate history of the Late Paleozoic Ice Age from conodont apatite oxygen isotopes from Naqing (Guizhou, China). Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 448: 151~161.
参考文献
Chen Daizhao, Wang Jiangguo, Racki G, Li Hua, Wang Chengyuan, Ma Xueping, Whalen M T. 2013. Large sulphur isotopic perturbations and oceanic changes during the Frasnian-Famennian transition of the Late Devonian. Journal of the Geological Society, 170: 465~476.
参考文献
Chen Jitao, Montañez I P, Qi Yuping, Wang Xiangdong, Wang Qiulai, Lin Wei. 2016. Coupled sedimentary and δ13C records of late Mississippian platform-to-slope successions from South China: Insight into δ13C chemostratigraphy. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 448: 162~178.
参考文献
Cheng Shunbo, Fu Jianming, Chen Xiqing, Ma Liyan, Lu Youyue. 2012. Zircon SHRIMP U-Pbdating and geochemical characteristics of Haiyangshan monzogranitic batholith, northeast Guangxi. Geology and Mineral Resources of South China, 28(2): 132~140 (in Chinese with English abstract).
参考文献
Davydov V I , Korn D, Schmitz M D, From W C, Gradstein F M, Hammer O. 2012. The Carboniferous Period-ScienceDirect. The Geologic Time Scale: 603~651.
参考文献
Deng Min. 2011. Slope facies sedimentary characteristics of the late Paleozoic in Youjiang basin. Master's thesis of Chengdu University of Technology (in Chinese with English abstract).
参考文献
Ding Feng. 2012. Paleogeographic evolution and the source-reservoir-cap assemblage's distribution regularity of marine stratigraphy, Doctoral dissertation of South Guizhou-Central Guangxi Depression (in Chinese with English abstract).
参考文献
Du Yuansheng, Huang Hu, Yang Jianghai, Huang Hongwei, Tao Ping, Huang Zhiqiang, Hu Lisha, Xie Chunxia. 2013. The basin translation from Late Paleozoic to Triassic of the Youjiang basin and its tectonic signification. Geological Review, 59(1): 1~11 (in Chinese with English abstract).
参考文献
Eberli G P. 1991. Growth and demise of isolated carbonate platforms: Bahamian controversies. In: Müller D W, McKenzie J A, Weissert H, eds. Controversies in Modern Geology: Evolution of Geological Theories in Sedimentology. London: Earth History and Tectonics Academic Press, 231~248.
参考文献
Feng Zengzhao. 2004. Single factor analysis and multifactor comprehensive mapping method: Reconstruction of quantitative lithofacies palaeogeography. Journal of Palaeogeography, 6(1): 3~19 (in Chinese with English abstract).
参考文献
Goddéris Y, Donnadieu Y, Le Hir G, Lefebvre V, Nardin E. 2014. The role of palaeogeography in the Phanerozoic history of atmospheric CO2 and climate. Earth Science Reviews, 128: 122~138.
参考文献
Grossman E L, Yancey T E, Jones T E, Bruckschen P, Chuvashov B, Mazzullo S J, Mii H. 2008. Glaciation, aridification, and carbon sequestration in the Permo-Carboniferous: The isotopic record from low latitudes. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 268: 222~233.
参考文献
Guo Hua. 2010. The Research ofsedimentary character in Late Paleozoic in Hunan and Guangxi. Master's thesis of China University of Petroleum (East China) (in Chinese with English abstract).
参考文献
Hou Hongfei, Zhou Huailing, Liu Jianbo. 2011. Microbialse diments occurring after the End-Devonian extinction event on the Hunan Platform. Acta Geologica Sinica, 85: 145~156 (in Chinese with English abstract).
参考文献
House M R. 2002. Strength, timing, setting and cause of mid-Palaeozoic extinctions. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 181: 5~25.
参考文献
Hu Dongfeng, Li Yuping, Duan Jinbao, Zhang Kuangming, Fan Zhiwei. 2017. Sedimentary features of carbonates and evolution of isolated platforms in Devonian in Guizhong area. Acta Petrologica Sinica, 33(4): 1135~1147 (in Chinese with English abstract).
参考文献
Hu Lisha, Xu Yajun, Du Yuansheng, Huang Hongwei, Xu Wangchun, Kuang Guodun. 2014. Geochemical characteristics and its geological significance of the Late Paleozoic siliceous rocks in Qinfang Trough, southeastern Guangxi. Journal of Palaeogeography, 16(1): 77~87 (in Chinese with English abstract).
参考文献
Huang Fuxi. 2011. Filling process and evolutionary model of sedimentary sequence in Middle-Upper Yangtze cratonic basin. Doctoral dissertation of Chengdu University of Technology (in Chinese with English abstract).
参考文献
Huang Hu, Du Yuansheng, Huang Zhiqiang, Yang Jianghai, Huang Hongwei, Xie Chunxia, Hu Lisha. 2013. Depositional chemistry of chert during Late Paleozoic from western Guangxi and its implication for the tectonic evolution of the Youjiang basin. Science China: Earth Sciences, 56: 479~493 (in Chinese with English abstract).
参考文献
Joachimski M M, Breisig S, Buggisch W, Talent J A, Mawson R, Gereke M, Morrow J R, Day J, Weddige K. 2009. Devonian climate and reef evolution: Insights from oxygen isotopes in apatite. Earth & Planetary Science Letters, 284: 599~609.
参考文献
Lehrmann D J, Wei J, Enos P. 1998. Contrpls on facies architecture of a large Triassic carbonate platform: The Great Bank of Guizhou Nanpanjiang basin, South China. Journal of Sedimentary Research, 68(2): 311~326.
参考文献
Li Rongsen, Lu Gang, Pan Yiwen, Hu Guiang, Peng Yang. 2008. Characteristics of escarpmentive pseudounconformity in Devonian Tuhu manganese deposit, western Guangxi. Journal of Guilin University of Technology, 28(4): 449~457 (in Chinese with English abstract).
参考文献
Li Xiaojun, Li Bo, Liu Bing, Guan Qi, Li Xugui, Tian Sumei. 2021. Carbon and oxygen isotopes across Devonian and Carboniferous boundary in the Funing area of Yunnan Province and the response to sea-level changes. Geological Bulletin of China, 40(7): 1047~1056 (in Chinese with English abstract).
参考文献
Li Xiuzhen, Yu He, Jiang Nan, Meng Yongpan. 2016. A summary of the study result of Jiangnan Old Land. Yunnan Geology, 35(1): 1~4 (in Chinese with English abstract).
参考文献
Li Ying, Wang Xiangdong, Hu Keyi, Huang Xing, Zhang Shuichang, Zhang Bin, Qi Yuping, Chen Jitao, Yao Le. 2021. Lithostratigraphic subdivision and correlation of the Carboniferous in China. Journal of Stratigraphy, 45(3): 303~318 (in Chinese with English abstract).
参考文献
Liu Chao. 2017. Sedimentary features and evolution of the Late Paleozoic isolated Bama Platform in the Youjiang basin: Responses to and implications for the deep-time climate change. Doctoral dissertation of China University of Geosciences (in Chinese with English abstract).
参考文献
Liu Chao, Lu Gang, Zhang Xi, Zhou Fusheng, Huang Xianglin, Du Yuansheng. 2014. Sedimentary characteristics and evolutionary stages in Late Paleozoic of Tian'e isolated platform in northwestern Guangxi. Geological Review, 60(1): 55~70 (in Chinese with English abstract).
参考文献
Liu Jiahong. 2009. Study on Devoniansequence Litho-paleogeographic in central Guangxi. Master's thesis of Chengdu University of Technology (in Chinese with English abstract).
参考文献
Ma Xueping, Liao Weihua, Wang Deming. 2009. The Devonian System of China, with a discussion on sea-level change in South China. In: Königshof P, ed. Devonian Change: Case Studies in Palaeogeography and Palaeoecology. London: Geological Society, 314: 241~262.
参考文献
Murphy M A. 2005. Pragian conodont zonal classification in Nevada, western North America. Spanish Journal of Palaeontology, 20: 177~206.
参考文献
Ou Lihua. 2013. Research on depositional feature and mineralization mechanism of the Upper Devonian manganese deposit in southwestern Guangxi area. Doctoral dissertation of Chengdu University of Technology (in Chinese with English abstract).
参考文献
Peng Yang, Lu Gang. 2015. Newapproach on Devonian-Carboniferous carbonate neptunian dikes and earthquake events in Leye, Guangxi. Geological Review, 61(2): 281~287 (in Chinese with English abstract).
参考文献
Peng Yang, Lu Gang. 2019. Study on buttress unconformity in Late Palaeozoic carbonates of northwestern Guangxi. Geological Review, 65(4): 794~809 (in Chinese with English abstract).
参考文献
Peng Zhongqin, Wang Chuanshang, Li Zhihong, Wang Baozhong. 2014. Sea-level changes and carbon isotope excursion on the Devonian-Carboniferous boundary in southern Guizhou depression. Journal of Guilin University of Technology, 34(2): 235~244 (in Chinese with English abstract).
参考文献
Pigram C, Davies P, Feary D, Symonds P A. 1989. Tectonic controls on carbonate platform evolution in southern Papua New Guinea: Passive margin to foreland basin. Geology, 17 (3): 199~202.
参考文献
Qie Wenkun, Zhang Xionghua, Du Yuansheng, Zhang Yang. 2010. Lower Carboniferous carbon isotope stratigraphy in South China: Implications for the Late Paleozoic glaciation. Science China Earth Science, 40(11): 1533~1542 (in Chinese with English abstract).
参考文献
Qie Wenkun, Liu Jiangsi, Chen Jitao, Wang Xiangdong, Mii H S, Zhang Xionghua, Huang Xing, Yao Le, Algeo T J, Luo Genming. 2015. Local overprints on the global carbonate δ13C signal in Devonian-Carboniferous boundary successions of South China. Palaeogeogr Palaeoclimatol Palaeoecol, 418: 290~303.
参考文献
Qie Wenkun, Wang Xiangdong, Zhang Xionghua, Ji Wenting, Ethan L G. 2016. Latest Devonian to earliest Carboniferous conodont and carbon isotope stratigraphy of a shallow-water sequence in South China. Geological Journal, 51: 915~935.
参考文献
Qie Wenkun, Ma Xueping, Xu honghe, Qiao Li, Liang Kun, Guo Wen, Song Junjun, Chen Bo, Lu Jianfeng. 2019. Devonian integrative stratigraphy and timescale of China. Science China Earth Sciences, 62: 112~134 (in Chinese with English abstract).
参考文献
Qin Yinglun, Zhang Jiazheng, Wang Yufang, Kang Haixia, Li Juan, Zhang Ziya, Xue Zong'an, Zhang Yunxiao. 2021. Discovery of shale gas by Guirongye-1 well within Carboniferous Luzhai Formation in Guizhong depression, Guangxi. Geology in China, 48(2): 667~668 (in Chinese with English abstract).
参考文献
Ren Jishun. 1990. On the geotectonics of southern China. Acta Geological Sinica, 63(4): 275~288 (in Chinese with English abstract).
参考文献
Shao Xiaoyang, Li Wenhui, Luo Xiyi, Yan Yapeng, Li Kun, Liu Jianxiong, Huang Jichun. 2018. Devonian sequence stratigraphy in the Fuchuan area, northeastern Guangxi. Journal of Stratigraphy, 42(3): 344~351 (in Chinese with English abstract).
参考文献
Shi Xiaoyin, Hou Yuan, Shuai Kaiye. 2006. Late Paleozoic deep-water stratigraphic succession in central Youjiang basin: Constraints on basin evolution. Earth Science Frontiers, 13(6): 153~170 (in Chinese with English abstract).
参考文献
Slavík L, Carls P, Hladil J, Koptikova L. 2012. Subdivision of the Lochkovian Stage based on conodont faunas from the stratotype area (Prague Synform, Czech Republic). Geological Journal, 47: 616~631.
参考文献
Tao Jinyu, Hu Zongquan, Shen Baojian, Pan Anyang, Li Chuxiong, Wang Ruihu, Zhang Meiling. 2022. Sedimentary characteristics and model of platform-trough shale in the Lower Carboniferous, Guizhong Depression, Dianqiangui basin. Oil & Gas Geology, 43(2): 365~377 (in Chinese with English abstract).
参考文献
Wang Baozhong, Ou Wenjia, Wang Chuanshang, Peng Zhongqin, Zhang Guotao. 2018. Geochemical characteristics of the Early Carboniferous shale in Guizhong depression and their contribution to adjacent gas reservoirs. Earth Science, 43(7): 2222~2233 (in Chinese with English abstract).
参考文献
Wang Chuanshang, Li Zhihong, Peng Zhongqin, Wang Baozhong, Zhang Guotao. 2014. The carbon isotope variation and its responses to sea level changes during the late Early Devonian period in Guizhou and Guangxi. Geology in China, 41(6): 2039~2047 (in Chinese with English abstract).
参考文献
Wang Denghong, Chen Yuchuan, Chen Zhenghui, Liu Shanbao, Xu Jianxiang, Zhang Jiajing, Zeng Zailin, Chen Fuwen, Li Huaqin, Guo Chunli. 2007. Assessment on mineral resource in Nanling region and suggestion for further prospecting. Acta Geologica Sinica, 80(7): 882~890 (in Chinese with English abstract).
参考文献
Wang Jinzhu, Li Xiaogang, Xu Zhengjian, Xin Yunlu, Li Zhao, Li Yiwen. 2021. Shale gas accumulation conditions and favorable-zone prediction in Lower Carboniferous Luzhai Formation in Donglan area of Nanpanjiang depression, China. Earth Science, 48(2): 667~668 (in Chinese with English abstract).
参考文献
Wang Xiangdong, Qie Wenkun, Sheng Qingyi, Qi Yuping, Wang Yue, Liao Zhuoting, Shen Shuzhong, Ueno K. 2013. Carboniferous and Lower Permian sedimentological cycles and biotic events of South China. Geological Society, 376(11): 33~46.
参考文献
Wang Xiangdong, Hu Keyi, Qie Wenkun, Sheng Qingyi, Chen Bo, Lin Wei, Yao Le, Wang Qiulai, Qi Yuping, Chen Jitao, Liao Zhuoting, Song Junjun. 2019. Carboniferous integrative stratigraphy and timescale of China. Science China Earth Sciences, 62: 135~153 (in Chinese with English abstract).
参考文献
Wang Xinqiang, Shi Xiaoying. 2008. Sedimentary characteristics and evolution of the Late Paleozoic Leye isolated carbonate platform in northwest Guangxi. Journal of Palaeogeography, 10(4): 329~340 (in Chinese with English abstract).
参考文献
Wang Zhuozhuo, Chen Daizhao, Wang Jianguo. 2007. Element Geochemistry and depositional setting of the chert in Devonian, Nanning area, Guangxi. Acta Sedimentologica Sinica, 25(2): 239~245 (in Chinese with English abstract).
参考文献
Wilson M E, Lokier S W, 2002. Siliciclastic and volcaniclastic influences on equatorial carbonates: Insights from the Neogene of Indonesia. Sedimentology, 49(3): 583~601.
参考文献
Wu Haoruo. 2003. Discussion on tectonic palaeogeography of Nanpanjiang sea in the Late Palaeozoic and Triassic. Journal of Palaeogeography, 5(1): 63~76 (in Chinese with English abstract).
参考文献
Wu Yichao, Bai Zhiqiang, Chang Jieqiong, Wang Baopeng, Sun Yongchao. 2014. Chemostratigraphy of Devonian-Carboniferousboundary at Nanbiancun section, Guilin, Guangxi. Geological Science and Technology Information, 33(5): 86~92 (in Chinese with English abstract).
参考文献
Xie Xiaohua, Chen Weifeng, Zhao Kuidong, Sun Tao, Chen Peirong, Jiang Shaoyong, Zhu Kangren, Li Yaowei. 2008. Geochemical characteristics and geochronology of the Douzhashan granite, northeastern Guangxi Province, China. Acta Petrologica Sinica, 24(6): 1302~1312 (in Chinese with English abstract).
参考文献
Xu Xiaosong, Yin Fuguang, Wan Fang, Liang Zonghua, Wei Baodong, Zhang Jinrui. 2001. The migration of the Qinzhou-Fangcheng trough in Guangxi and associated sedimentary-tectonic transform surfaces. Sedimentary Geology and Tethyan Geology, 14(4): 1~10 (in Chinese with English abstract).
参考文献
Yang Huaiyu. 2010. Pattern and evolution of the Devonian-Middle Triassic tectono-palaeogeography in Hunan and Guangxi provinces. Doctoral dissertation of China University of Petroleum (East China) (in Chinese with English abstract).
参考文献
Yao Le, Qie Wenkun, Luo Genming, Liu Jiangsi, Algeo T J, Bai Xiao, Yang Bo, Wang Xiangdong. 2015. The TICE event: Perturbation of carbon-nitrogen cycles during the Mid-Tournaisian (Early Carboniferous) greenhouse-icehouse transition. Chemical Geology, 401: 1~14.
参考文献
Yu Shuqing, Zhang Xi, Lu Ganqiang, Zhou Hui, Li Xingpeng. 2021. Late Devonian-Early Carboniferous parallel unconformity and its significance in De'e area of Longlin. Journal of Guilin University of Technology, 41(2): 277~284 (in Chinese with English abstract).
参考文献
Yuan Qiong, Zhou Minyue, Wei Longming, Tian Hanyu, Bai Zhiqiang. 2018. Geochemical characteristics and sedimentary environment of the Late Devonian-Early Carboniferous siliceous rocks in Shijia, Qinzhou, Guangxi. Mineral Resources and Geology, 32(5): 852~860 (in Chinese with English abstract).
参考文献
Zhang Chenggong. 2010. Sequence lithofacies palaeogeography characteristic and its evolution from Permian to middle Triassic in South Guizhou and Middle Guangxi. Master's thesis of Chengdu University of Technology (in Chinese with English abstract).
参考文献
Zhang Yingshuai, Mao Jiaren, Wang Qilin, Xiao Yu, Wang Ganlu. 2018. Geochemical characteristics and palaeoenvironmental significance of the paleo-weathered crust at the Carboniferous bottom in Wudang of Guiyang. Geological Survey of China, 5(3): 66~73 (in Chinese with English abstract).
参考文献
Zhou Wen, Jiang Zhenxue, Qiu Hengyuan, Jin Xiaochun, Wang Ruihu, Cen Wenpan, Tang Xianglu, Li Xin, Wang Guozhen, Cao Xiangni, Sun Yue. 2019. Shale gas accumulation conditions and prediction of favorable areas for the Lower Carboniferous Luzhai Formation in Guizhong depression. Acta Petrolei Sinica, 40(7): 798~812 (in Chinese with English abstract).
参考文献
Zhu Huali, Qiao Chang, Wang Bo, Zhang Hanbin. 2017. Discovery andits geologic significance of sedimentary free face of Early Carboniferous in Hengfeng, Dushan, South Guizhou. Guizhou Geology, 34(3): 150~155 (in Chinese with English abstract).
参考文献
Zhu Yiting, Li Xiaofeng, Xiao Rong. 2019. The Ar-Ar age of muscovite from Late Devonian Jinziling tungsten deposit in northeast Guangxi and its geological implications. Geology and Mineral Resources of South China, 35(4): 423~432 (in Chinese with English abstract).
参考文献
程顺波, 付建明, 陈希清, 马丽艳, 卢友月. 2012. 桂东北海洋山岩体锆石SHRIMP U-Pb定年和地球化学研究. 华南地质与矿产, 28(2): 132~140.
参考文献
邓敏. 2011. 右江盆地晚古生代斜坡相沉积特征研究. 成都理工大学.
参考文献
丁枫. 2012. 黔南—桂中地区海相地层古地理演化及生储盖分布规律. 成都理工大学.
参考文献
杜远生, 黄虎, 杨江海, 黄宏伟, 陶平, 黄志强, 胡丽沙, 谢春霞. 2013. 晚古生代—中三叠世右江盆地的格局和转换. 地质论评, 59(1): 1~11.
参考文献
冯增昭. 2004. 单因素分析多因素综合作图法: 定量岩相古地理重建. 古地理学报, 6(1): 3~19.
参考文献
广西壮族自治区地质矿产局. 1985. 广西壮族自治区区域地质志. 北京: 地质出版社.
参考文献
广西壮族自治区地质矿产局. 1992. 广西的泥盆系. 武汉: 中国地质大学出版社.
参考文献
广西壮族自治区地质矿产局. 1999. 广西的石炭系. 武汉: 中国地质大学出版社.
参考文献
郭桦. 2010. 湘桂地区晚古生代沉积特征研究. 中国石油大学硕士学位论文.
参考文献
侯鸿飞, 周怀岭, 刘建波. 2011. 湖南台地泥盆纪末绝灭事件后的微生物沉积. 地质学报, 85(1): 145~156.
参考文献
胡东风, 李宇平, 段金宝, 张矿明, 范志伟, 2017. 桂中地区泥盆纪碳酸盐岩沉积特征与孤立台地礁滩演化. 岩石学报, 33(4): 1135~1147.
参考文献
胡丽沙, 徐亚军, 杜远生, 黄宏伟, 徐旺春, 邝国敦. 2014. 广西东南部钦防海槽晚古生代硅质岩地球化学特征及其地质意义. 古地理学报, 16(1): 77~87.
参考文献
黄福喜. 2011. 中上扬子克拉通盆地沉积层序充填过程与演化模式. 成都理工大学.
参考文献
黄虎, 杜远生, 黄志强, 杨江海, 黄宏伟, 谢春霞, 胡丽沙. 2013. 桂西晚古生代硅质岩地球化学特征及其对右江盆地构造演化的启示. 中国科学: 地球科学, 43(2): 304~316.
参考文献
李容森, 陆刚, 潘艺文, 胡贵昂, 彭阳. 2008. 桂西土湖锰矿区泥盆系中的陡崖式假不整合构造. 桂林工学院学报, 28(4): 449~457.
参考文献
李小军, 李波, 刘兵, 关奇, 李序贵, 田素梅. 2021. 云南富宁地区泥盆系—石炭系界线碳、氧同位素特征及对海平面变化的响应. 地质通报, 40(7): 1047~1056.
参考文献
李秀珍, 余何, 江楠, 蒙永潘. 2016. 江南古陆研究成果综述. 云南地质, 35(1): 1~4.
参考文献
李莹, 王向东, 胡科毅, 黄兴, 张水昌, 张斌, 祁玉平, 陈吉涛, 要乐. 2021. 中国石炭纪岩石地层划分和对比. 地层学杂志, 45(3): 303~318.
参考文献
刘超. 2017. 华南右江盆地晚古生代巴马孤立台地沉积特征与演化. 中国地质大学博士学位论文.
参考文献
刘超, 陆刚, 张喜, 周府生, 黄祥林, 杜远生. 2014. 桂西北天峨孤立碳酸盐岩台地晚古生代沉积特征与演化. 地质论评, 60(1): 55~70.
参考文献
刘家洪. 2009. 桂中地区泥盆系层序岩相古地理研究. 成都理工大学硕士学位论文.
参考文献
欧莉华. 2013. 桂西南地区上泥盆统锰矿沉积特征与成矿机理研究. 成都理工大学博士学位论文.
参考文献
彭阳, 陆刚. 2015. 广西乐业泥盆系—石炭系沉积碳酸盐岩脉及地震事件沉积的新发现. 地质论评, 61(2): 281~287.
参考文献
彭阳, 陆刚. 2019. 桂西北晚古生代地层中的毗连不整合研究. 地质论评, 65(4): 794~809.
参考文献
彭中勤, 王传尚, 李志宏, 王保忠. 2014. 黔南坳陷泥盆—石炭纪之交海平面变化及碳同位素异常. 桂林理工大学学报, 34(2): 235~244.
参考文献
郄文昆, 张雄华, 杜远生, 张扬. 2010. 华南地区下石炭亚系碳同位素记录及对晚古生代冰期的响应. 中国科学: 地球科学, 40(11): 1533~1542.
参考文献
郄文昆, 马学平, 徐洪河, 乔丽, 梁昆, 郭文, 宋俊俊, 陈波, 卢建峰. 2019. 中国泥盆纪综合地层和时间框架. 中国科学: 地球科学, 49(1): 115~138.
参考文献
任纪舜. 1990. 论中国南部的大地构造. 地质学报, 63(4): 275~288.
参考文献
邵小阳, 李文辉, 罗锡宜, 闫亚鹏, 李坤, 刘建雄, 黄继春. 2018. 桂东北富川地区泥盆纪层序地层划分. 地层学杂志, 42(3): 344~351.
参考文献
史晓颖, 侯宇安, 帅开业. 2006. 桂西南晚古生代深水相地层序列及沉积演化. 地学前缘, 13(6): 153~170.
参考文献
覃英伦, 张家政, 王玉芳, 康海霞, 李娟, 张子亚, 薛宗安, 张云枭. 2021. 广西桂中坳陷(桂融页1井)石炭系鹿寨组获页岩气重要发现. 中国地质, 48(2): 667~668.
参考文献
陶金雨, 胡宗全, 申宝剑, 潘安阳, 李楚雄, 王瑞湖, 张美玲. 2022. 滇黔桂盆地桂中坳陷下石炭统台槽相页岩沉积特征与沉积模式. 石油与天然气地质, 43(2): 365~377.
参考文献
王保忠, 欧文佳, 王传尚, 彭中勤, 张国涛. 2018. 桂中坳陷早石炭世泥页岩地球化学特征及近源气成藏模式. 地球科学, 43(7): 2222~2233.
参考文献
王传尚, 李志宏, 彭中勤, 王保忠, 张国涛. 2014. 黔桂地区早泥盆世晚期碳稳定同位素变化及其对海平面变化的响应. 中国地质, 41(6): 2039~2047.
参考文献
王登红, 陈毓川, 陈郑辉, 刘善宝, 许建祥, 张家菁, 曾载淋, 陈富文, 李华芹, 郭春丽. 2007. 南岭地区矿产资源形势分析和找矿方向研究. 地质学报, 81(7): 882~890.
参考文献
王劲铸, 李小刚, 徐正建, 辛云路, 李昭, 李仪汶. 2021. 南盘江坳陷东兰地区下石炭统鹿寨组页岩气成藏条件及有利区预测. 地球科学, 46(5): 1814~1828.
参考文献
王向东, 胡科毅, 郄文昆, 盛青怡, 陈波, 林巍, 要乐, 王秋来, 祁玉平, 陈吉涛, 廖卓庭, 宋俊俊. 2019. 中国石炭纪综合地层和时间框架. 中国科学: 地球科学, 49(1): 139~159.
参考文献
王新强, 史晓颖. 2008. 桂西北晚古生代乐业孤立碳酸盐岩台地沉积特征与演化阶段. 古地理学报, 10(4): 329~340.
参考文献
王卓卓, 陈代钊, 汪建国. 2007. 广西南宁地区泥盆系硅质岩地球化学特征及沉积环境. 沉积学报, 25(2): 239~245.
参考文献
吴浩若. 2003. 晚古生代—三叠纪南盘江海的构造古地理问题. 古地理学报, 5(1): 63~76.
参考文献
吴一超, 白志强, 常洁琼, 王宝鹏, 孙永超. 2014. 广西桂林南边村剖面泥盆系—石炭系界线化学地层学. 地质科技情报, 33(5): 86~92.
参考文献
谢晓华, 陈卫锋, 赵葵东, 孙涛, 陈培荣, 蒋少涌, 朱康任, 李妩巍. 2008. 桂东北豆乍山花岗岩年代学与地球化学特征. 岩石学报, 24(6): 1302~1312.
参考文献
许效松, 尹福光, 万方, 梁宗华, 韦宝东, 张金端. 2001. 广西钦防海槽迁移与沉积-构造转换面. 沉积与特提斯地质, 14(4): 1~10.
参考文献
杨怀宇. 2010. 湘桂地区泥盆纪—中三叠世构造古地理格局及其演化. 中国石油大学博士学位论文.
参考文献
余树青, 张喜, 陆干强, 周辉, 李兴鹏. 2021. 隆林德峨地区晚泥盆世—早石炭世平行不整合及其意义探讨. 桂林理工大学学报, 41(2): 277~284.
参考文献
袁琼, 周旻玥, 韦龙明, 田晗钰, 白志强. 2018. 广西钦州石夹晚泥盆-早石炭世硅质岩地球化学特征及沉积环境意义. 矿产与地质, 32(5): 852~860.
参考文献
张成弓. 2010. 黔南—桂中地区二叠纪—中三叠世层序岩相古地理研究. 成都理工大学硕士学位论文.
参考文献
张英帅, 毛家仁, 王启林, 肖宇, 王甘露. 2018. 贵阳乌当石炭系底部古风化壳地球化学特征及古环境意义. 中国地质调查, 5(3): 66~73.
参考文献
周雯, 姜振学, 仇恒远, 金晓春, 王瑞湖, 岑文攀, 唐相路, 李鑫, 王国臻, 曹香妮, 孙玥. 2019. 桂中坳陷下石炭统鹿寨组页岩气成藏条件和有利区预测. 石油学报, 40(7): 798~812.
参考文献
朱华利, 谯常, 王波, 张晗彬. 2017. 黔南独山恒丰早石炭世沉积暴露面的发现及其地质意义. 贵州地质, 34(3): 150~155.
参考文献
朱艺婷, 李晓峰, 肖荣. 2019. 桂东北泥盆纪金子岭钨矿白云母Ar-Ar年龄及其地质意义. 华南地质与矿产, 35(4): 423~432.
目录contents

    摘要

    台盆相间是桂东北泥盆纪和石炭纪沉积的重要特色,而D/C界线又是台盆相间沉积最突出的一个时段之一。文章回顾并评述了桂东北D/C界线的研究历程、相序划分、主要代表剖面,认为桂东北D/C界线可划分为碎屑岩相序和碳酸盐岩相序以及它们的过渡类型。通过对20条典型剖面的岩性组合特征对比,恢复了桂东北D/C界线海平面相对下降期的岩相古地理,结果显示桂东北在该时期主要存在柳州、桂林两大台地以及多个小型台地,台地间普遍发育快速相变的台沟、盆地沉积,石炭纪初期海水变浅,台地分布范围显著扩大,江南古陆供给增强,台盆相间格局迅速发展。为了进一步探讨桂东北D/C界线的演化过程和背后的控制因素,文章分析了广西整体的台盆相间演化的阶段性、同沉积构造作用以及海平面变化的影响,梳理了台盆相间演化过程中沉积环境分异与构造运动-海平面的关系,认为在滇黔桂裂谷盆地在持续断陷发展的前提下,桂东北D/C界线沉积分异的主要原因可能是受冈瓦纳大陆冰川形成与消融导致的海平面异常波动,以及柳江运动引发的局部同沉积断陷强度差异变动影响,且构造和沉积要素在D/C界线的耦合作用达到最强,最终促进桂东北台盆相间格局在D/C界线达到鼎盛。在此模式下,可以将台盆相间的演化划分为4个阶段,早泥盆世中期—晚期为台盆相间格局的孕育期,早泥盆世晚期—中泥盆世晚期沉积开始分异,为台盆相间格局的发展期,晩泥盆世—早石炭世台-盆出现强烈分割,海平面异常下降和柳江运动同时作用于沉积,为台盆相间格局的鼎盛期,早石炭世之后,台盆相间沉积维持了一定时期的强度,晚石炭世开始海水逐步恢复正常后台盆相间逐渐减弱,为台盆相间格局的衰退期。

    Abstract

    The platform-basin alternation pattern is an important feature of Devonian and Carboniferous sedimentation in northeast Guangxi, and the D/C boundary is one of the most prominent periods of this feature. This paper reviews the research history, facies division and representative sections of D/C boundary in northeast Guangxi. It is considered that the D/C boundary can be divided into the clastic rock facies, the carbonate rock facies and their transition facies. Through the comparison of lithologic characteristics of 20 representative sections, the lithofacies palaeogeography of relative sea level decline period of D/C boundary in northeast Guangxi has been restored. The results show that in this period, there were two major platforms in Liuzhou and Guilin areas and several small platforms in other places. Deep water sediments with rapid facies transformation were well developed among platforms. In the early Carboniferous, the seawater became shallower. The distributions of platform facies were significantly expanded and the supply of the Jiangnan massif was increasing. This led to the pattern of platform-basin alternation was enhanced. In order to further explore the evolution process and the controlling factors of sedimentation of the D/C boundary in northeast Guangxi, this paper discusses the stages of the platform-basin alternation evolution, the influence of the synsedimentary tectonism and the sea level changes. And relationship between sedimentary environment differentiation and tectonic movement-sea level changes has been sorted out. It is considered that under the premise of continuous faulting of Yunnan-Guizhou-Guangxi rift basin, the main reason for the sedimentary division of D/C boundary in Northeast Guangxi may be the abnormal fluctuation of sea level caused by the Gondwana glaciers. And the local synsedimentary fault depression increasing caused by Liujiang movement intensifies the sedimentary differentiation. The coupling effect of tectonic and sedimentary factors reached the strongest at the D/C boundary, and finally promoted the platform-basin alternate pattern in northeast Guangxi to reach its peak at this period. In this model, the evolution of platform-basin alternation can be divided into 4 stages in northeast Guangxi. The middle-late period of Early Devonian was the bedding stage of the platform-basin alternating pattern. The late period of Early Devonian to late period of Middle Devonian is the development stage while sedimentary facies began to differentiate. The Late Devonian to Early Carboniferous was the prosperity stage, the abnormal decline of sea level and the Liujiang movement began to act on the sedimentation. After the Carboniferous, the platform-basin alternating deposition maintained the intensity, and the seawater gradually returned to normal in the late period of Early Carboniferous, the basin-alternating pattern gradually weakened.

  • 在地质历史里,泥盆纪和石炭纪是地球系统发生重大改变的一个时期(郄文昆等,2019),泥盆纪发生了多达25次的全球性海平面升降、海洋缺氧/贫氧和生物灭绝/更替事件(Becker et al.,2012),直到早石炭世末期海平面的震荡频率才有所下降(王向东等,2019)。海平面波动最突出的后果之一就是导致不同沉积相在区域上的快速变化,同时,在广西的D/C界线附近,可能存在一次涉及滇黔桂裂谷盆地的同沉积差异升降运动——柳江运动(广西壮族自治区地质矿产开发局,2017),使盆地沉积基准面和可容纳空间进一步频繁改变,进而广西大部分地区在该时期形成了非常显著的台地相、斜坡相与盆地相沉积繁复交错、叠置的现象,即“台盆相间”。本文所述的“台盆相间”,即指在裂谷盆地同沉积断陷背景下的浅水台地与深水盆地快速相互过渡、产生复杂相变沉积的特殊的沉积模式。

  • 这是一种不同于常规碳酸盐岩沉积的模式。通常,我们根据现代和古代碳酸盐岩的沉积特点,按照沉积环境的潮汐、波浪、氧化界面、盐度、水深及水循环等因素的控制,将海相碳酸盐岩相关的沉积相序划分成九个标准相带,归纳出常规的碳酸盐沉积模式,即Irwin(1965)的“X带”、“Y带”模式,或Wilson(1975)的“宽相带”、“窄相带”模式。但台盆相间沉积格局并不完全属于上述两种模式,因为无论是Irwin(1965)的“Y带”,还是Wilson(1975)的“窄相带”,其代表碳酸盐岩发育的沉积带都难以在全盆地包括深水区广泛发育,而只有在特定的海水条件和构造条件下,如海平面快速下降和断陷增强,才有可能使众多碳酸盐岩台地孤立、广泛地分布在远岸地区,同时恰当的海平面条件还必须保证在这个过程中台地没有超过碳酸盐补偿深度而消亡,或存在机会使之重新激活,最终才能形成台盆相间沉积。

  • 台盆相间的发育与生物的演化、古环境变迁关系密切。生物地层上,广西泥盆系和石炭系的多个层位已建立笔石、牙形石、竹节石、放射虫、介形虫、菊石、有孔虫、四射珊瑚、腕足、双壳、类等生物地层格架(广西壮族自治区地质矿产开发局,2017),除笔石、双壳和类外,其他8类生物地层均可与D/C界线相关。泥盆纪发生了大约10次生物更替/环境事件(郄文昆等,2019),从生物更替的期次来看,中晚泥盆世要远多于早泥盆世,从生物更替的强度来看,晚泥盆世和D/C界线强度最大,发生了著名的“F-F事件”以及显生宙以来最大的生物灭绝事件“Hangenberg事件”等,这与台盆相间在中晚泥盆世强度逐渐增强的特点不谋而合,早石炭世杜内期和维宪期发生了数次显著的全球性海侵与海退事件(侯鸿飞等,2011Aretz et al.,2012Wang Xiangdong et al.,2013Yao Le et al.,2015),其后海洋环境才逐渐恢复,通过对比发现(Murphy,2005; Grossman et al.,2008Slavík et al.,2012Goddéris et al.,2014Chen Bo et al.,2016),这些生物更替和海洋环境事件可能与冈瓦纳大陆冰期的形成和消亡相关,在桂东北地区,生物和环境事件强度与桂东北台盆相间程度具有耦合性,D/C界线既是生物演化的重要节点,也可能是台盆相间演化历程的重要节点。

  • 本文对桂东北D/C界线典型剖面岩石特征及沉积环境、广西泥盆纪和石炭纪沉积演化过程进行回顾和研究,探索桂东北在泥盆纪和石炭纪演化的地区性差异,以D/C界线作为切入点研究台盆相间演化相关的构造、沉积等重要地质问题,为滇黔桂裂谷盆地泥盆纪—石炭纪研究提供新的支持。

  • 1 研究区地质背景

  • 广西在泥盆纪和石炭纪整体位于古特提斯构造域的东段,是滇黔桂裂谷盆地的主体部分。滇黔桂裂谷盆地主要包含桂林坳陷、桂中坳陷、罗甸坳陷、黔西南坳陷、黔南坳陷与南盘江坳陷等6个坳陷以及钦防海槽1个沉积中心,并相互连通(许效松等,2001杨怀宇,2010胡丽沙等,2014)。本文所指的桂东北系地理区位上的广西东北部,大致以东兴(河池)—罗城—柳江为北东—南西界,象州—罗香—沙头为南—北界(图1)。桂东北位于滇黔桂盆地的东偏北部,主要涉及桂林坳陷与桂中坳陷。

  • 受加里东运动的影响,广西的泥盆系大部分角度不整合于加里东构造层之上,下伏地层为奥陶系或志留系。各坳陷在泥盆纪与石炭纪广泛发育多期次同沉积活动断裂,形成了极富特色的堑垒式裂谷盆地(任纪舜,1990)。其中根据出露的构造和地层记录可以将广西归纳为3个主要的构造-沉积相区,包括桂西的大型碳酸盐岩台地相区(D-T,泥盆纪—三叠纪代号),桂南至桂东的深水相区(S-C,志留纪—石炭纪代号),以及桂中和桂东北的台盆相间相区(D-C,泥盆纪—石炭纪代号)。桂东北在泥盆纪和石炭纪主要涉及初始裂谷(D1)和陆内裂谷(D2-T1)两种构造-沉积背景环境(图1),台盆相间相关的沉积岩主要在该背景下形成。

  • 泥盆系和石炭系是广西出露最广泛的两个地层单位,泥盆系出露面积44664 km2,石炭系出露面积42606 km2(广西壮族自治区地质矿产开发局,2017),分别占全区面积的18.87%和18.0%,是华南的标准地区之一。桂东北又是广西区内泥盆系和石炭系发育的集中区,有多个重要的D/C界线出露,如南边村全球辅助层型剖面、额头村组层型剖面、鹿寨组层型剖面,以及近年来随着地质调查工作的推进而发现的新界线等(图2a、b),是开展D/C界线和台盆相间研究的良好区域。

  • 图1 广西构造-沉积相区划分图(据中国地质调查局武汉地质调查中心“中南地区大地构造相图”修改)

  • Fig.1 Structural and sedimentary facies division in Guangxi (modified after the “tectonic-facies map of central and southern China” of Wuhan Geological Survey Center of China Geological Survey)

  • 1 —陆内裂谷(泥盆纪—三叠纪);2—初始裂谷(泥盆纪);3—残余盆地(震旦纪—志留纪);4—台间盆(石炭纪—三叠纪);5—被动陆缘斜坡(寒武纪—奥陶纪);6—碳酸盐岩台地(泥盆纪—三叠纪);7—断陷盆地(白垩纪);8—前陆盆地(三叠纪);9—弧背盆地(奥陶纪);10—弧间盆地(寒武纪);11—碳酸盐岩陆表海(泥盆纪—石炭纪);12—陆缘裂谷(青白口纪—南华纪);13—岩浆岩、变质岩(不分);14—第四系

  • 1 —intracontinental rift (Devonian-Triassic) ; 2—early rift (Devonian) ; 3—residual basin (Sinian-Silurian) ; 4—platform basin (Carboniferous-Triassic) ; 5—passive margin slope (Cambrian-Ordovician) ; 6—carbonate platform (Devonian-Triassic) ; 7—faulted subsidence basin (Cretaceous) ; 8—foreland basin (Triassic) ; 9—back arc basin (Ordovician) ; 10—inter arc basin (Cambrian) ; 11—carbonate epicontinental sea basin (Devonian-Carboniferous) ; 12—marginal rift (Qingbaikou-Nanhua) ; 13—magmatic rock and metamorphic rock; 14—Quaternary

  • 2 广西台盆相间研究现状和基本特征

  • 早期丁文江、朱庭祜、乐森浔等学者在20世纪20年代曾注意到广西存在台盆相间的现象(广西壮族自治区地质矿产开发局,2017),在岩石地层单位定名之时地质学者们为了区分复杂的相变特征,为广西的泥盆系和石炭系建立了数量远超其他层位的岩石地层单位(表1)。近十余年随着广西泥盆系与石炭系沉积矿产、能源资源如页岩气等的地位不断上升,台盆相间特点的研究也在逐渐加热(王登红等,2007王保忠等,2018周雯等,2019王劲铸等,2021覃英伦等,2021陶金雨等,2022)。目前,已有许多学者对广西的泥盆纪和石炭纪台盆相间沉积格局进行研究,但大部分集中在大型孤立台地更明显的桂中与桂西地区(刘家洪,2009张成弓,2010黄福喜,2011邓敏,2011丁枫,2012欧莉华,2013周雯等,2019)并取得了较好的成果,这些地区以宽阔的稳定台内沉积为主(台地宽度可达400余km),深水盆地以及台盆过渡带占比较少,相变相对较缓,台盆相间格局并不是非常突出,而桂东北地区受北东向狭长断陷的影响,被深水盆地分隔的破碎台地更多,微观尺度现象更丰富(台盆相间常见米级相变)(图2c、d),而且受江南古陆的陆源物质影响更大,但以往学者多注重于构造域关系研究上(谢晓华等,2008程顺波等,2012朱艺婷等,2019),对沉积相关的研究还非常少。

  • 表1 古生界—中生界广西和桂东北岩石地层单位数量统计表

  • Table1 Quantity statistics of Paleozoic-Mesozoic lithostratigraphy units in the whole Guangxi and the northeast Guangxi

  • 注:二叠系、三叠系在桂西北的台盆相间格局中体现更明显,在桂东北发育较少。

  • 桂东北的D/C界线沉积相变十分明显,韵律和旋回结构复杂,可能与海平面变化密切相关。虽然,目前针对桂东北的海平面研究还非常少,但相邻的桂中、桂西,以及贵州、湖南等华南的其他地区,都显现出了D/C界线存在海平面的异常波动(刘家洪,2009王传尚等,2014刘超,2017),而层序地层上这些地区可对比(丁枫,2012刘超,2017邵小阳等,2018)。

  • 构造的影响方面,黄福喜(2011)对比了不同时代广西台盆相间的成因,认为同沉积断裂、地区性构造运动都是台盆相间不可忽视的控制因素。同沉积断裂即滇黔桂裂谷盆地的控盆断裂,地区性构造运动即柳江运动。柳江运动由朱森于1932年命名,指广西地区一次由地壳不均衡引起的局部伸展不整合运动,影响时限被认为从泥盆纪法门早期至石炭纪杜内晚期,不同地区有所差别(广西壮族自治区地质矿产开发局,2017),作用方式以差异升降为主,具有同沉积性质(杨怀宇,2010黄福喜,2011),前人在柳江、龙州、兴安等多个地区的D/C界线附近的台地沉积上发现了不整合,在深水盆地里识别出热液相关硅质岩和水下沉积岩脉(王卓卓等,2007黄虎等,2013胡丽沙等,2014;彭阳和陆刚2015;袁琼等,2018),以及桂东北广泛发育的同沉积滑塌褶皱增多现象(图2e),说明柳江运动在桂东北对浅水台地和深水盆地均产生了影响,指示桂东北台盆相间格局可能受到了海平面波动和构造运动的双重制约。

  • 关于台盆相间的时限,杨怀宇(2010)根据古地理重建和构造研究,认为广西早泥盆世晚期至晚泥盆世“槽—台”相间格局就已经形成,石炭纪延续,黄福喜(2011)认为泥盆纪—石炭纪台盆相间格局达到最大化,二叠纪后台盆相间不突出,转为大面积开阔台地沉积,丁枫(2012)进一步通过层序将低位体系域识别为“隆—盆”相间,海侵体系域识别为“台—盆”格局建设期,高位体系域识别为“台—盆”格局定型期。笔者近年来在桂东北进行调查工作中发现,桂东北的下中泥盆统的莲花山组(D1l)、信都组(D2x)碎屑岩之上开始发育东岗岭组(D2d)海侵的富生物碎屑灰岩,此时台地相出现但台盆相间不突出,中上泥盆统之交,即巴漆组(D2-3b)到榴江组(D3l)开始出现大量层间褶皱、结核体、岩性尖灭、岩性相变等特征,且向上这些现象逐渐增强,以至于五指山组(D3w)在区域上频繁尖灭,到D/C界线这些沉积构造发育程度和岩性相变程度达到最大化;另一种以台地为主的相序,唐家湾组(D2t)、桂林组(D3g)、融县组(D3r)、额头村组(D3e)向上也存在较明显的深浅变化,滑塌褶皱、楔状体、鸟眼构造、鲕粒和白云岩明显增多,这些现象同样也是在D/C界线达到程度最大化。如此看来,D/C界线可能记载了桂东北台盆相间格局从增强到鼎盛的关键节点,在这个节点沉积分异达到最大,其背后各影响因素的作用强度也可能最大化。

  • 3 桂东北两种相序剖面的特点

  • 由于强烈相变的存在,为了对D/C界线进行沉积特征研究,必须要将不同相区进行分开讨论。桂东北D/C界线可分为2种典型情况:① 以深水硅质岩、泥岩(榴江组等)为界线下部,以深水相、海陆过渡相碎屑岩(鹿寨组等,桂中坳陷以深水相为主,桂东北既有深水相也有海陆过渡相)为界线上部的碎屑岩相序;② 以浅水灰岩为界线下部(融县组、额头村组等),界线上部仍以灰岩为主(尧云岭组、船埠头组等)的碳酸盐岩相序。

  • 这两种相序有过渡类型,如碎屑岩相序,在相变迅速的局部地区,五指山组扁豆状灰岩可以发生尖灭而不存在,在相变相对缓慢的地区,五指山组的灰岩又可以存在,这是因为碳酸盐产率和陆源供给速率在同一位置此消彼长的结果,若海平面变化速率足够快,碳酸盐岩则无法形成有效沉积即被陆源物质取代;再比如碳酸盐岩相序,融县组和额头村组本身可以发育于不同深度的碳酸盐岩台地,较浅时发育鲕粒和白云质以及暴露面与古岩溶,较深时,如靠近台沟或台盆,发育深色硅质纹层、滑塌褶皱和楔状体。

  • 图2 桂东北台盆相间重要岩石露头特征和镜下特征

  • Fig.2 Outcrop and microscope characteristics of the platform-basin alternating rocks in northeast Guangxi

  • (a)—桂东北碎屑岩相序,百步岭剖面榴江组与鹿寨组界线;(b)—桂东北碳酸盐岩相序,鸟背岭剖面融县组与尧云岭组界线;(c)—两江地区下石炭统英塘组灰岩与鹿寨组三段碎屑岩的快速相变;(d)—沙子镇南部碳酸盐岩与泥岩和硅质岩的相变;(e)—平乐地区下石炭统英塘组在D/C界线之上层间褶皱迅速增多;(f)—鹿寨组一段典型“砂泥硅”组合(较薄部分);(g)—鹿寨组一段泥岩与岩屑砂岩界面的植物化石碎片;(h)—厚度较小的五指山组露头,被夹于鹿寨组和榴江组之间;(i)—泥质含量高的五指山组扁豆状/瘤状灰岩;(j)—泥质含量低的五指山组亮晶-微晶灰岩;(k)—融县组上部的侵蚀面构造,箭头处层理被溶穿;(l)—榴江组斑脱岩镜下照片,黏土矿物95%,视域内多见条状或不规则状的塑性玻屑或塑性岩屑的轮廓,现已完全被黏土矿物集合体交代,单偏光镜10×1.25倍

  • (a) —boundary between Liujiang Formation and Luzhai Formation in Baibuling section of clastic facies in northeast Guangxi; (b) —boundary between Rongxian Foemation and Yaoyunling Formation in Niaobeiling section of carbonate facies in northeast Guangxi; (c) —rapid facies transition between limestone in the Yingtang Formation and clastic rock in the third Member of Luzhai Formation of Lower Carboniferous in Liangjiang area; (d) —facies transition between limestone, mudstone and siliceous rocks in the south of Shazi Town; (e) —interlayer folds of Yingtang Formation of Lower Carboniferous; (f) —typical “sand-mud-silica” combine in the first Member of Luzhai Formation (thinner part) ; (g) —plant fossil fragments at the interface between mudstone and lithic sandstone in the first Member of Luzhai Formation; (h) —Wuzhishan Formation outcrop, sandwiched between Luzhai Formation and Liujiang Formation; (i) —nodular limestone of Wuzhishan Formation with high argillaceous content; (j) —bright crystal-microcrystalline limestone of Wuzhishan Formation with low argillaceous content; (k) —the erosion surface structure of the upper part of Rongxian Formation, the bedding at the arrow is cut through by the suture structure; (l) —photo under microscope of bentonite of Liujiang Formation, clay minerals account for 95%, the outline of strip or irregular plastic glassy debris or plastic rock debris in the field of vision has been completely replaced by clay mineral aggregates, single polarizer, 10×1.25

  • 为了明确桂东北台盆相间D/C界线的特征,本文对代表典型碎屑岩相序和典型碳酸盐岩相序的剖面,以及它们的过渡相序的剖面进行研究。通过前人成果和实地踏勘对比分析,选取下列20条岩性分异清晰、无明显的穿时的剖面进行桂东北D/C界线沉积特征研究。剖面按照获得的数据质量分为基干剖面和辅助剖面,其中基干剖面9条,辅助剖面11条。基干剖面是分层记录、岩性记录、化石记录、沉积环境分析等数据较齐全的剖面,辅助剖面是前人或笔者实测过(广西壮族自治区地质矿产局,198519921999;广西壮族自治区地质矿产开发局,2017),但仅保留简要记录或对比的剖面。所有剖面均按照等时原则进行对比,界线的确定根据前人的古生物等研究成果及岩性对比为主,以单层组成的旋回作为研究单元,避免因某一单层厚度差异过大而影响对比。通过对界线上下的岩性组合、生物组合、沉积构造等特征的变化判断沉积环境,碎屑岩相序中因五指山组在区域上常尖灭而将鹿寨组和榴江组作为对标组段。

  • 3.1 百步岭剖面

  • 百步岭剖面位于两江镇东部百步岭村,坐标25.19435403°N,110.08002482°E,为笔者2021年实测,是一条因公路开挖而出露的剖面(图2a),露头新鲜,组段为榴江组和鹿寨组一段。榴江组以含凝灰质的薄层硅质岩、泥岩为主,该组上部产法门期介形类 Maternella hemisphaericaRichterinaRichterinaeocostata以及竹节石等,与临桂五通地区特征一致(广西壮族自治区地质矿产局,1992)。向上鹿寨组一段单层厚度变大,岩性截然转变为岩屑长石石英砂岩、粉砂岩、泥岩、硅质岩组合(本文简称“砂泥硅”组合,典型特征见图2f),该剖面的“砂泥硅”组合砂质成分比例较高,砂岩、粉砂岩、泥岩、硅质岩厚度比约为5∶3∶2∶1。以硅质岩基本消失、中厚层砂岩出现为界线。鹿寨组显示出陆源供给增强的特点,可见多层植物碎片化石(图2g),无五指山组灰岩,为典型碎屑岩相序,代表海平面由深迅速变浅,未形成碳酸盐岩沉积即被陆源物质取代,沉积环境变化较为迅速的一个剖面。

  • 3.2 鸟背岭剖面

  • 鸟背岭剖面位于沙子镇南部鸟背岭村,坐标24.71828170°N,110.69842529°E,为笔者2021年实测,是岩溶峰丛底部的干涸水道(图2b),露头新鲜,组段为融县组和尧云岭组(C1y)的碳酸盐岩,整合接触,无古岩溶或侵蚀面,获得了法门期中晚期至杜内中期的牙形刺序列Palmatolepis gracilis带至Siphonodella crenulata带。融县组为深灰色厚层至巨厚层微晶灰岩,灰岩纯度较高,生物碎屑含量不多,可见滑塌褶皱和燧石条带和结核,代表位于相对略深、存在一定古坡度的环境;界线上部为尧云岭组中薄层富生物碎屑泥晶灰岩,含腕足、海百合茎等,生物碎屑量大且绝大部分不完整,代表较大水动力的环境,生物碎屑受冲刷、拍击而破碎,同时具有滑塌褶皱、包卷层理等同沉积构造。是碳酸盐岩相序的典型剖面之一,沉积环境由深变浅,但海平面下降后未出现暴露面。

  • 3.3 金竹冲剖面

  • 金竹冲剖面位于沙子镇南部金竹冲村。为笔者2021年实测,坐标24.70800347°N,110.69985939°E,和上述鸟背岭剖面相距约1.8 km,但却是完全不同的相序。剖面D/C界线下部为榴江组薄层状硅质岩和五指山组扁豆状泥晶微晶灰岩,含丰富滑塌褶皱和燧石条带,化石以Palmatolepis sp.为主;界线上部为鹿寨组一段棕黄色岩屑砂岩、灰黄色硅质细砂—粉砂岩、灰黑色薄层状泥岩的“砂泥硅”组合。五指山组厚度不大,约4.5 m(图2h),是碎屑岩相序中含有五指山组的、但沉积环境变化较快的范例,沉积环境由深水短暂地进入碳酸盐高产率深度再迅速转变为滨浅海。

  • 3.4 上徐家剖面

  • 上徐家剖面位于平乐县北东向约6 km的上徐家村附近,为笔者2022年实测,坐标24.69379697°N,110.70278365°E,和上述金竹冲村剖面相距约2 km,即鸟背岭剖面、金竹冲剖面、上徐家剖面实际上是近南北向的串状剖面点。该剖面界线下部为榴江组薄层状硅质岩,含晚泥盆世晚期牙形刺Palmatolepis triangularis带至Palmatolepis crepida带;上部为鹿寨组一段“砂泥硅”组合,以棕黄色岩屑长石石英砂岩、灰白色细砂粉砂岩、灰色薄层状泥岩、硅质泥岩为主。不发育五指山组的碳酸盐岩,与上一条剖面相比,沉积环境同样是由深到浅,但是变化更快。

  • 3.5 南边村剖面

  • 该剖面位于桂林市芦笛岩附近南边村,1988年被国际地层委员会确定为全球D/C界线辅助层型剖面,俞昌民、李镇梁等于1989年再次测制,并认为其属于碳酸盐岩相序。剖面下部为融县组浅灰色中薄层亮晶生物碎屑灰岩;上部为船埠头组薄层灰色—深灰色亮晶砂屑生物碎屑灰岩,向上颜色变深。剖面内发现牙形石Siphonodella praesulcata至S.semichatavea过渡类型标本,可以找到连续的关键牙形刺分子演化关系,目前,在广西仅此一处(广西壮族自治区地质矿产开发局,2017)。岩性上看,该剖面沉积环境相对稳定,但值得注意的是,第48层和第56层存在凹凸不平的侵蚀面,可能代表了短暂的不整合,说明该剖面出现过较浅的环境,在海平面整体下降的背景下台地曾被暴露而发生沉积间断。

  • 3.6 天水剖面

  • 天水剖面位于罗城县天水村地区,系《广西地质志》(广西壮族自治区地质矿产局,1985)、《广西的石炭系》(广西壮族自治区地质矿产局,1999)调查组测制。界线下部为额头村组深灰色中薄—中厚层疙瘩状(或泥质条带)灰岩,含两层珊瑚化石Cystophrentis sp.;界线上部为尧云岭组灰色中薄层泥质条带灰岩,含海百合茎、珊瑚、腹足,化石较稀少,但前人对柳州—桂林地区的岩石地层进行过对比认为,此剖面额头村组和尧云岭组穿时性不明显(广西壮族自治区地质矿产局,19921999; 广西壮族自治区地质矿产开发局,2017李莹等,2021)。从颜色、层厚和化石丰度判断该剖面代表碳酸盐岩相序较深的沉积环境,但向上变浅,沉积环境变化速率中等。

  • 3.7 寨沙剖面

  • 寨沙剖面位于鹿寨县寨沙镇烈士纪念园附近,系阮亦萍等(1985)实测,后广西区调院于2004年修测。界线下部为榴江组和五指山组,榴江组岩性为灰黑至灰白色薄层状硅质岩、少量粉砂质泥岩和页岩,产竹节石、介形、牙形石等;五指山组岩性为浅灰色不等厚微晶粉晶扁豆状灰岩,向上为中厚层状含生物微—粉晶灰岩,见窗孔、鸟眼构造,含菊石、腕足、双壳、牙形刺等,其中牙形刺Palmatolepisgracilis sigmoidalisPalmatolepis gracilis等在该组顶部消失;界线上部为鹿寨组深灰色薄层状泥岩,含介形等。此剖面五指山组厚度达202 m,是典型的相对海平面缓慢下降、随后折返上升的过渡型剖面,碳酸盐岩得到了充分的沉积。

  • 3.8 回龙剖面

  • 回龙剖面位于阳朔县兴坪镇回龙村附近公路旁,原额头村组命名地遭破坏后,目前将其作为额头村组的层型剖面,系广西区调院唐专红、李玉坤等2013年测制。主要地层为界线下部额头村组(D3e)灰色深灰色中厚层含生物碎屑微晶灰岩、藻屑砂屑灰岩,偶含白云质团块,化石以有孔虫、珊瑚、腕足为主,其中包括带化石Quasiendothyra konensi typicaQ.kobeitusana的消失和Bsiphaera variabilisEarlandia sp.等的出现(广西壮族自治区地质矿产局,19921999);界线上部为尧云岭组(C1y)深灰至浅灰色薄层状紫红色泥皮微晶灰岩、含生物屑球粒砂屑灰岩,含珊瑚、有孔虫、腕足等,向上出现粗晶白云岩,第53层存在紫红色铁皮古风化壳,代表剖面位于碳酸盐岩相序较浅的、曾出现暴露的古地理部位,沉积环境仍然是向上变浅。

  • 3.9 额头村剖面

  • 该剖面位于桂林市区南部额头村,系周江等(1986)测制。剖面界线下部为额头村组灰色—暗灰色—深灰色中厚层状生物碎屑砂屑灰岩,含核形石,靠近D/C界线2.0 m处含有1层0.1 m左右深灰色薄层页岩(第83层),化石以有孔虫、珊瑚、腕足为主,与回龙剖面的化石特征相同。界线上部为尧云岭组薄层微晶生物碎屑灰岩。该剖面属于碳酸盐岩相序中等深度的沉积环境,向上短时变深后迅速变浅。

  • 3.10 其他剖面

  • 上述9条剖面作为本文研究的基干剖面,另参考区域地质资料(广西壮族自治区地质矿产局,198519921999;广西壮族自治区地质矿产开发局,2017)以及笔者实测的其他剖面资料(第20号,该剖面因修路而被破坏),收集了11条剖面作为辅助剖面。剖面编号接上文顺序编为第10号至20号(表2)。

  • 其中全州金堂剖面、贺县抗日亭剖面和临桂高桥新寨剖面为碎屑岩相序剖面,其余为碳酸盐岩相序剖面。具体的剖面名称、界线上下组段、岩性特征、沉积环境列述如下。

  • 4 桂东北D/C界线沉积特征讨论

  • 4.1 典型剖面沉积特征

  • 上述20条剖面中,D/C界线从下到上发生沉积环境变浅的剖面有13条(表3),占大多数;沉积环境保持基本稳定的有4条,其中3条是界线上下均为较深的环境,可能海平面下降与断陷作用发生了一定抵消作用而使岩性未受太大影响,1条是局限环境白云岩持续发育,可能海水流通不畅导致岩性变化不大;沉积环境变深后再变浅的有3条,这类剖面在碎屑岩相序中表现为五指山组灰岩厚度大、纯度高(如寨沙剖面五指山组上部),在碳酸盐岩相序中表现为界线下部灰岩、白云质灰岩向上夹一层或数层暗色泥页岩,再向上为泥灰岩等,有明显的沉积环境震荡变化趋势。在20条剖面中,相变速率中等—较快的达到14条,说明在碎屑岩相序和碳酸盐岩相序中D/C界线岩性普遍都发生了明显且快速的变化。

  • 表2 桂东北辅助剖面D/C界线特征

  • Table2 Characteristics of the D/C boundary of auxiliary section in northeast Guangxi

  • 表3 典型剖面特征分类表(数字代表剖面编号)

  • Table3 Classification of typical sections features (the number represents the section)

  • 对上述剖面进行AA′、BB′、CC′三个方向的区域横向对比(图3):① 北西—南东向剖面(AA′)揭示D/C界线之下桂林市区、阳朔、恭城地区主要发育浅海半局限—开阔台地相,到平乐以北水体快速变深;界线之上半局限—开阔台地相分布范围总体不变,但台内出现沉积间断面、礁灰岩发生迁移,在平乐以北沙子镇地区的深水相泥岩-硅质岩组合转变为滨海碎屑岩相的砂岩-粉砂岩组合,反映出海水快速变浅的趋势。② 南西—北东向剖面(BB′)显示界线之下桂中坳陷的罗城天水、融水地区发育浅海碳酸盐岩台地相,桂林坳陷的桂林西北地区与之基本相同,但它们被临桂以西的深水相区隔断;界线之上两个坳陷的台地相仍然发育,但临桂、全州出现了滨海碎屑岩相,滨海碎屑岩具有越靠近北部越发育的趋势。③ 近东西向剖面(CC′)显示界线下部研究区西侧罗城地区存在台地相沉积,到柳城地区台地局限性增强,鹿寨地区发育深水相,贺州地区既发育深水相也发育局限—半局限台地相,界线之上各个地区的沉积相均较稳定,从东西向整体来看,具有明显的碳酸盐岩和碎屑岩的直接过渡,可能代表东西向与台盆展布的方向存在近横切关系,且相比于AA′和BB′横向对比剖面,CC′在界线上下沉积相明显更稳定,指示了研究区南部沉积环境可能比北部更稳定,北部比南部台盆相间发育程度更强。

  • 将两种相序拆分来看,当D/C界线的下部是碎屑岩时,一般多是以榴江组薄层泥岩、硅质泥岩、硅质岩为主,但榴江组之上的五指山组却可以存在很大变化(图3)。以鸟背岭剖面、金竹冲剖面、上徐家剖面为例,这3条剖面的地理直线距离仅数千米,却从碳酸盐岩相序转变为碎屑岩相序,并记录到了从有五指山组到没有五指山组的转变。不同地区的五指山组也存在明显的岩性变化,在靠近碎屑岩相序的点位,五指山组的岩性以扁豆状灰岩、泥质条带灰岩为主,泥质含量高(图2i),前人认为扁豆状灰岩这种纹理化构造可能是一种特殊的层纹石,属于浪基面之下风暴浪基面至上的弱动荡环境的产物(杨怀宇,2010),结合五指山组在靠近碳酸盐岩相序转变为中厚层状纯度较高的泥晶—亮晶灰岩的特点(图2j),可认为五指山组扁豆状灰岩是受海平面和古海底地貌控制的产物。五指山组灰岩作为碎屑岩相序的“夹心”,它的出现和尖灭以及发育岩性的差异,指示不同地区相对海平面及水下环境具有较大不同。寨沙剖面五指山组厚202 m,从下到上由扁豆状灰岩渐变为中厚层微—粉晶灰岩,发育窗孔、鸟眼构造和滑塌褶皱,是海平面下降过程中水下台地迁移、保持较长时间碳酸盐岩沉积的结果;贺县抗日亭剖面不发育五指山组灰岩,榴江组到鹿寨组稳定沉积深水相泥页岩、硅质岩,代表相变缓慢的深水相;当五指山组较薄、且鹿寨组一段为滨海碎屑岩相时,如金竹冲、金堂等剖面,指示相对海平面下降速度快,碳酸盐岩短时沉积即被陆源物质取代,代表相变迅速,这些差异在桂东北可较好对比。

  • 图3 桂东北D/C界线剖面横向对比特征(柱状图非按比例绘制,所表达的地层组段均为靠近D/C界线的部分,平面图数字为本节剖面序号)

  • Fig.3 Cross section comparison characteristics of the D/C boundary in northeast Guangxi (the lithology maps are not expressed to scale, the stratigraphic expressed are the closed part to the D/C boundary, and the number of the sections associated with main text)

  • 1 —百步岭剖面;2—鸟背岭剖面;3—金竹冲剖面;4—上徐家剖面;5—南边村剖面;6—天水剖面;7—寨沙剖面;8—回龙剖面;9—额头村剖面;10—柳城太平剖面;11—全州金堂剖面;12—灵川磨盘山剖面;13—钟山十八锦剖面;14—贺县抗日亭剖面;15—罗城巩洞剖面;16—罗城东门剖面;17—融水北高剖面;18—永福凤眼剖面;19—恭城黄埠剖面;20—临桂高桥新寨剖面

  • 1 —Baibuling section; 2—Niaobeiling section; 3—Jinzhuchong section; 4—Shangxujia section; 5—Nanbiancun section; 6—Tianshui section; 7—Zhaisha section; 8—Huilong section; 9—Etoucun section; 10—Liucheng Taiping section; 11—Quanzhou Jintang section; 12—Lingchuan Mopanshan section; 13—Zhongshan Shibajin section; 14—Hexian Kangriting section; 15—Luocheng Gongdong section; 16—Luocheng Dongmen section; 17—Rongshui Beigao section; 18—Yongfu Fengyan section; 19—Gongcheng Huangbu section; 20—Lingui Gaoqiaoxinzhai section

  • 碎屑岩相序的上部通常是鹿寨组,鹿寨组厚度一般很大,可涵盖下石炭统的杜内阶和维宪阶。与D/C界线相关的主要是鹿寨组一段,它在横向上变化也很大,向柳州方向(向南)底部为灰黑色薄层硅质岩、硅质泥岩及泥岩互层,向桂林方向(向北东)既可存在岩屑长石石英中—细砂岩、粉砂岩、硅质岩、泥岩组合,也可存在深灰色薄层泥灰岩、钙质泥岩页岩组合,向贺州一带(向南东)则为薄层灰岩夹硅质灰岩,向河池方向(向西)则为中薄层石英砂岩、粉砂质泥岩夹灰岩、生屑泥灰岩。它作为D/C界线碎屑岩相序上部常见的“帽子”,本身就具有多变性,越靠近古陆,底部出现大段陆源碎屑砂岩,地层厚度增大,靠近盆地中心,硅质岩越发育,且可见中基性凝灰岩,靠近台地方向,碳酸盐岩比例增多。在靠近古陆的点位如百步岭和上徐家村等剖面的岩性统计表明,碎屑岩段的“砂泥硅”单个旋回厚度多集中在40~60 cm,两江镇渡头村地区可达1.5 m以上,砂岩、粉砂岩的比例在碎屑岩段占绝对优势,受陆源供给影响明显。同时因海平面的下降,在柳州、桂林等区域的近陆台地部位也经常发育砂岩楔。

  • 而当D/C界线的下部是碳酸盐岩时,更突出的是表现在岩石矿物组合、沉积微相和沉积构造上的变化,岩石地层单位数量也比碎屑岩相序更多。下部代表性的有融县组、额头村组和天子岭组等,岩性由深色燧石条带/结核灰岩,到纯度高的微亮晶灰岩,再到含白云质团块的砂屑灰岩,再到白云岩,代表由深到浅、由开阔到局限的环境变化,且顶部常存在暴露面(图2k)。额头村剖面、南边村剖面、磨盘山剖面分布在桂林市区周边地理直线距离十余千米范围内,它们的沉积微相快速变化,指示碳酸盐岩相序的相变也十分迅速。

  • 碳酸盐岩相序的上部代表性的有尧云岭组、船埠头组等,岩性主要为泥灰岩、白云质灰岩和白云岩,颜色普遍由深灰变浅灰,沉积间断面增多,桂林西部郊区的鹿寨组底部也存在钙质泥岩或泥灰岩等,相当于碳酸盐岩—碎屑岩过渡的岩性。总体上碳酸盐岩相序D/C界线从下到上体现出沉积环境变浅、海水局限增强、暴露增多的规律。

  • 通过近距剖面对比可以发现,以鸟背岭—金竹冲—上徐家剖面为代表的碳酸盐岩—碎屑岩相序的转变,和额头村—南边村—磨盘山剖面的碳酸盐岩相序内的岩性变化,都说明了桂东北在D/C界线由下到上沉积分异增强,台盆相间格局更加明显。

  • 4.2 桂东北D/C界线海平面下降期古地理特征

  • 基于对上述典型剖面对比和地质调查资料(广西壮族自治区地质矿产局,198519921999;广西壮族自治区地质矿产开发局,2017)、前人文献(刘家洪,2009;杨怀宇,2014;彭中勤等,2014李秀珍等,2016胡东风等,2017;周雯等,2021)等的帮助,结合研究区构造、沉积背景,采用定量岩相古地理重建方法(冯增昭,2004),对桂东北海平面相对下降期的岩性组合、沉积构造、古生物特征等确定优势沉积相,以“优势相编图法”为指导,重建桂东北D/C界线海平面下降期岩相古地理。古地理分两个部分分别建立(图4),即晚泥盆纪末期(海平面下降前)古地理,和早石炭纪初期(海平面下降后)古地理。

  • 区内主要的古陆为江南古陆。江南古陆是新元古代由扬子地块和华夏地块碰撞拼合、经新元古代晚期拉张裂解形成陆内裂谷、古生代以来构造作用形成的一系列古隆起,呈北东向弧形长条状,自南西向北东跨越了桂北、黔东、湘西、赣北、皖南和浙北等地。研究区内的物源可能主要来自于此。

  • 泥盆纪中晚期,桂东北的海平面上升主要来自于继承吉维特期的大海侵,海水在弗拉斯期漫涨达到高位,深水相沉积分布范围广,江南古陆只残存一小块位于三江以东地区。桂东北存在柳州和桂林两个大的台地相沉积区,它们之间被一条北北东向的台沟分隔,台沟两侧沉积相变迅速,台地边缘发育生物礁。桂林的东部则相变相对缓慢,浅水环境分布较广,贺州地区存在一个小的台地,与桂林台地隔着宽缓的中—深台沟。全区自北向南部水体逐渐加深,台下持续延伸出较远的斜坡,相当于浅海下部至半深海环境。

  • 石炭纪初期江南古陆范围明显扩大,海平面下降导致了台地内部局限环境增多,岛屿和暴露面出现,碳酸盐岩沉积台地的范围普遍扩大,虽仍保持台地-台沟交错的格局,但水深已不同幅度变浅,台沟内混杂碳酸盐成分沉积。桂林西部和阳朔—恭城一带开始发育滨海碎屑—潮坪环境,物源向台地侵入,靠近古陆的桂林台地发育空间受到挤占,台地扩张的幅度不如南部柳州和贺州的碳酸盐岩台地大。同时,蒙山地区的深水区域显著减少,被鹿寨和贺州两处的浅水区域夹缩,台—坡—盆更为紧密相接。

  • 图4 桂东北D/C界线古地理特征

  • Fig.4 Palaeogeography of D/C boundary in northeast Guangxi

  • (a)—晚泥盆世海平面下降前古地理;(b)—早石炭世海平面下降后古地理

  • (a) —Late Devonian, high sea level palaeogeography; (b) —Early Carboniferous, low sea level palaeogeography

  • 桂东北D/C界线古地理有3个特征:① 泥盆纪末期到石炭纪初期,存在海平面显著下降特征,海平面下降后台地分布范围要宽广得多,并且出现更多的暴露和局限环境;② 泥盆纪和石炭纪桂东北的台地、台沟等地质体普遍具有北东向展布特征,这是由于加里东运动后,与本区地壳抬升和拉张活动密切相关的断裂带主要是以钦防海槽为中心、北东向延伸为主,这导致桂东北的北部比南部海水总体更浅,也暗示不同区域的同沉积断裂强度存在不均匀性;③ 相比于桂西北的台地(刘家洪,2009杨怀宇,2010),桂东北的台地普遍被切割得更小,被深水盆地或台沟穿切分隔得更零散,导致台地之间的相变更快速。

  • 4.3 台盆相间演化的阶段性

  • 桂东北台盆相间演化与滇黔桂裂谷盆地沉积分异过程有关。滇黔桂裂谷盆地除钦防海槽外,大部分地区在中下泥盆统的底部都发育底砾岩,底砾岩位于海侵层位最底部的侵蚀面上,代表一个长时间沉积间断的结束。底砾岩之上叠加了以莲花山组、丹林组、那高岭组、贺县组、信都组等为代表的碎屑岩沉积(图5),碎屑岩之上又叠加了东岗岭组、郁江组、黄猄山组等台地相碳酸盐岩沉积,此后才出现塘丁组、罗富组、榴江组、石夹组等代表台沟或盆地相的较深水沉积。

  • 根据岩性转变过程,桂东北滨浅海或海陆过渡环境的碎屑岩沉积阶段大致对应早泥盆世中期—晚期,碳酸盐岩台地沉积可从早泥盆世晚期开始出现,到石炭纪显著增多,台沟或盆地等较深环境的岩性对应中泥盆世到早石炭世。D/C界线是多种沉积相均有发育的时期,既可以存在开阔台地和局限台地沉积,也可以出现不同深度的台缘斜坡沉积,还可以出现滨海或海陆过渡相沉积和一定范围的深水盆地沉积,沉积分异到最大化。早石炭世维持分异程度,早石炭世末期之后海陆过渡相沉积和深水盆地沉积范围减少,台地沉积范围增多,海水环境逐渐恢复,台盆相间格局逐渐减弱。说明台盆相间的孕育到增强再到鼎盛存在比较清晰的阶段性,其中D/C界线附近是台盆相间格局达到最强的时期。需要说明的是,并非石炭纪之后广西就不存在台盆相间格局,因为差异性构造和海平面对盆地不同部位影响程度不同,在广西各地区仍然会存在强度不一的台盆相间格局,而桂东北地区石炭纪之后相变减少、沉积趋于稳定是明确的。

  • 在此构架下,桂东北的泥盆纪—石炭纪台盆相间演化过程总体可分为4个阶段:① 第一阶段是早泥盆世中期—晚期,滨岸相砂砾岩沿古陆边缘广泛发育,为台盆相间格局的孕育期;② 第二阶段是早泥盆世晚期—中泥盆世晚期,断陷持续发育,台地相沉积首先形成,深水相沉积随后形成,具有“台先盆后”特征,同时海平面逐渐上升,沉积相开始广泛分异,为台盆相间格局的发展期;③ 第三阶段是晩泥盆世—早石炭世,浅水台地中滑塌褶皱和沉积间断大幅增多,深水盆地中发育软沉积变形,火山物质和陆源物质增多,此时相变最强烈,台盆相间格局达到鼎盛期;④ 第四阶段是早石炭世之后,台盆相间维持了一定强度,并在晚石炭世初期逐渐减弱,为衰退期,经历漫长的调整后台地全部在三叠纪被吞没消失,最终保留下来相变复杂的台盆相间沉积。

  • 图5 广西泥盆系—石炭系主要沉积相及相变演化特征

  • Fig.5 Main sedimentary facies and facies transition of Devonian and Carboniferous in Guangxi

  • 岩石地层接触关系综合参考区域地质资料广西壮族自治区地质矿产局,198519921999;广西壮族自治区地质矿产开发局,2017);图中每个岩石地层单位使用的颜色代表其最为突出的沉积相,由于相变剧烈,并不意味该岩石地层仅存在一种沉积相;同沉积构造发育程度指相对值,主要是通过野外调查、前人地质资料的统计和表述来判定,资料来源于同上;相对海平面参考Ma Xueping et al.(2009)Wang Xiangdong et al.(2013)郄文昆等(2019)王向东等(2019)

  • The data of stratum contact relation are referred to the Bureau of Geology and Mineral Resources of Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region 1985, 1992, 1999;Bureau of Geology and Mineral Resources Development of Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, 2017; the color of each stratigraphic unit in the figure represents its most prominent sedimentary facies; due to the intense facies transition, it does not mean that there is only one sedimentary facies in this stratigraphic unit, the development degree of synsedimentary structure is the relative value; it is mainly determined by statistics and review of field investigations and previous geological data, the data mainly refers to above-mentioned literature; the relative sea level is refers to Ma Xueping et al. (2009) , Wang Xiangdong et al. (2013, 2019) and Qie Wenkun et al. (2019)

  • 桂东北的台盆相间演化初始节点可能相比桂南、桂西南地区要滞后,这是因为加里东运动形成不整合后,海水侵入广西全区的方向是自南向北,但桂东北的D/C界线沉积分异要比其他地区更强烈,同时早石炭世维持高度分异的时间也更长,其所受的控制因素的影响也可能更大。

  • 5 桂东北及广西台盆相间控制因素讨论与启示

  • 5.1 同沉积构造运动的影响

  • 盆地裂陷往往是孤立或连陆台地碳酸盐岩沉积的诱因(Pigram et al.,1989Eberli,1991),而火山碎屑或陆源碎屑的输入是台地碳酸盐岩沉积体系消亡的重要因素之一(Lehrmann et al.,1998Wilson and Lokier,2002刘超,2017)。前人通过右江盆地(桂西)的火山活动与沉积关系研究,发现右江盆地内最早的玄武岩喷发幕发生于早泥盆世与中泥盆世之交(史晓颖等,2006),代表广西中西部地区最初的基底沉降和后续的断陷活动,同时引发了一定规模的海侵作用(杨怀宇,2010)。作为响应,扬子地块南缘可能逐步裂解、坍塌,沿边缘形成一系列体积大小不一的块体,并不断向盆地中心滑移(王新强和史晓颖,2008刘超等,2014),同沉积断陷是台盆相间形成的动力来源。

  • 但局部构造运动,即柳江运动的影响可能更为复杂。根据前人的地质资料,在碎屑岩相区中,广西存在热液相关硅质岩(王卓卓等,2007黄虎等,2013胡丽沙等,2014袁琼等,2018),且在桂西到桂中的中泥盆统到下石炭统找到了显著的同沉积滑塌褶皱增强和层间结核/条带增多现象(杨怀宇,2010郭桦,2010),笔者在桂东北两江、平乐、兴安等地区同样找到了丰富的同沉积构造,并在两江东宅水库北部的石炭系鹿寨组、百步岭村和大约村附近的泥盆系榴江组发现了数层斑脱岩,经显微薄片鉴定和元素分析,均证明存在火山物质(图2l)。南边村的化学地层(吴一超等,2014)也表示出D/C界线Ni的增加,代表洋脊、火山或热液活动的加剧,在D/C界线Ni含量达到了最高值,说明D/C界线桂东北断陷活动达到最强,局部构造运动可能是断陷增强的重要推动力,并毫无疑问对台地的分割和裂解具有贡献。

  • 但在碳酸盐岩相序中,局部构造运动的响应则显示出不同规律。除了柳江运动命名地外,桂西碳酸盐岩相区有多个地区,如东兰金谷、龙州武德、扶绥渠黎、隆林德峨等都存在D/C界线的平行不整合或微角度不整合(广西壮族自治区地质矿产开发局,2017余树青等,2021),多则会缺失数个牙形石带,这些不整合可延伸至贵阳、独山等盆地偏北的地区(朱华利等,2017刘超,2017张英帅等,2018);有学者在浅水台地边部等不稳定部位识别出同沉积构造引起的台地拉张和地震事件(彭阳和陆刚,2015)以及毗连不整合(彭阳和陆刚,2019);下雷、土湖等地区D/C界线附近存在陡崖式不整合(李容森等,2008)。本次研究在桂林、平乐、兴安等地区发现碳酸盐岩中存在多处暴露面和同沉积角砾岩,南边村全球辅助层型剖面也在第48层和第56层发现基本平行于层理的缝合线和侵蚀面。代表碳酸盐岩相区中,较浅的环境普遍形成了不同程度的不整合。

  • 但如果注意到这些不整合发育的古地形位置,可以发现在大的碳酸盐岩台地内部发育的多是平行不整合,越靠近台地边部,相变速率越快、不整合角度越大;毗连不整合和陡崖式不整合则更突出,它是直接发育于同沉积断层上高度相变的产物,大致对应一个台地的最边缘部位。

  • 那么说明,这些不整合的强度实际上可能更多地耦合于不同区域相变速率的差异度,越靠近台地边部,同沉积构造作用越强,基岩稳定性越差,在海平面变化的过程中容易造成越大角度的不整合(图6)。这更接近于海平面下降后折返超覆过程中自发造成的,而不是构造作用掀斜暴露形成的。以柳江运动为代表的同沉积构造活动可能仅是增加了不整合的角度和沉积间断的时间,但没有对它起到绝对控制作用。滇黔桂盆地在晚古生代一直处于伸展构造背景中(杜远生等,2013),构造作用虽然加剧了裂谷盆地的局部升降差异,驱动了沉凝灰岩的产生、改变了海洋环境,甚至可能破坏了一些台地,但仍然不足以改变盆地性质、也没有形成规模造陆或火成岩省。在海平面震荡的背景下,数次沉积间断更可能由海平面促成。当海平面下降至台地面以下,台地将被暴露,此时断陷作用和局部构造活动仍然持续裂解台地,当海平面上升后台地重新接受沉积,即形成各种类型的不整合。因此局部构造运动的影响对于研究区的盆地演化来说,应当是温和的,构造作用相当于促进了台盆相间的发展。

  • 图6 广西台盆相间D/C界线演化模式

  • Fig.6 Evolution model of D/C boundary in Guangxi

  • (a)—D/C界线海平面下降后(早石炭世)台盆相间模式;(b)—D/C界线海平面下降前(晚泥盆世)台盆相间模式;图中各地质要素未按比例绘制

  • (a) —after the sea level decline (Early Carboniferous) , the platform-basin alternation model; (b) —before the sea level decline (Late Devonian) , the platform-basin alternation model; all the factors in the figure are not expressed to scale

  • 5.2 海平面变化的作用

  • 广西的裂谷盆地背景性质,会自发地增加盆地可容纳空间,使台地在无干预的情况下会因为断陷的持续导致水深过大而自然萎缩或消亡,但偶然性的海平面下降会降低可容纳空间(表现为相对海平面的慢升快降),使消亡的台地重新进入碳酸盐补偿深度和高产率深度(图6),重新沉积碳酸盐岩,同时使原本较浅的台地形成暴露面。

  • 从层序地层来看,广西泥盆系可划分为11个三级层序,其中桂林地区第一次海侵发生于埃姆斯期末期,此后,艾菲尔期至吉维特末期为海平面持续震荡上升期,弗拉斯初期达到最大海泛期。研究表明泥盆系前10个层序均为Ⅱ型层序,只有最顶部的层序为Ⅰ型层序(广西壮族自治区地质矿产开发局,2017,说明晚泥盆世末,桂林地区曾发生一次明显的海平面下降,这与华南的层序地层可对比(杨怀宇,2010王传尚等,2014Qie Wenkun et al.,2015; 刘超,2017邵小阳等,2018),也与西欧、北美、西伯利亚、法国等其他国家和地区可对比(Brenckle and Lane,2005Davydov et al.,2012),这暗示了该时期的海平面波动尤其是D/C界线的强迫型海退可能是一次全球性的事件,台盆相间的形成与增强与全球海平面变化密切相关,而该时期海平面变化又与全球气候变化、海洋氧化还原条件变化和冈瓦纳大陆冰川的形成与消亡有关(House,2002Joachimski et al.,2009Chen Daizhao et al.,2013郄文昆等,2019)。以强迫型海退为主导因素,沉积环境在短时间内发生了改变,海平面快速下降并频繁震荡,为孤立台地的激活创造了极有利的条件。

  • 桂东北的岩相特征支持相对海平面慢进快退过程。这些海平面波动在中国综合碳同位素综合演化曲线(郄文昆等,2019王向东等,2019)也有体现,仅晚泥盆世弗拉斯期和法门期可能至少可识别出10次海平面下降事件,占泥盆纪总数的一半左右,其中“F-F事件”和“Hangenberg事件”的海平面背景下降的幅度最大(Ma et al.,2009)。石炭纪杜内期和维宪期也存在数次显著海平面震荡,与北美Kinderhookian期末期至Osagean期以及西欧可对比(Aretz and Chevalier,2007; Grossman et al.,2008; Buggisch et al.,2011; Wang Xiangdong et al.,2013; Yao Le et al.,2015; Chen Jitao et al.,2016; Qie Wenkun et al.,2016)。并且这些海平面波动在多个地区的表现也并不均一,广西的隆安孤立台地剖面(郄文昆等,2010)与湖南马栏边的近岸浅水台地剖面(Yao Le et al.,2015)的碳酸盐岩δ13C在杜内期差异可达到3‰,隆安剖面和纳庆的斜坡相剖面(Chen Bo et al.,2016)、桂东北南边村的开阔台地剖面(吴一超等,2014)也存在δ13C的差异,这些差异也体现在古地理邻区贵州其林寨(吴浩若,2003)、独山白虎坡(彭中勤等,2014)、云南富宁(李小军等,2021)等地。局部环境和海洋环流受阻有可能是这种差异的原因,在台盆相间的背景下,即使是统一的海平面下降事件影响,局部地区的海水环境差异也会被台盆相间而放大。

  • 若海平面没有参与控制,台地会因为断陷作用而受到持续破坏,虽然也可以形成滑塌构造和角砾沉积,但台地很难保存完好,且这样的台地多围绕古陆边缘,或形成连陆台地,不利于台盆相间沉积在全盆地广泛形成;而海平面的波动特别是快速下降事件,可以使碳酸盐岩获得长时间持续沉积或迁移,表现出近岸的台地受到更多的台沟分隔和暴露、远岸的台地在滑移至盆地内部后仍有机会被激活等不均一的响应。

  • 从宏观来看,晚泥盆世至整个石炭纪,广西乃至华南仍处于较稳定的“冷时期”,不可否认华南地区裂谷作用增强和区域构造运动对相对海平面变化产生了一定影响,但本区的海平面演化与全球趋势差距不大。因此同沉积构造活动和海平面震荡事件应当均为桂东北台盆相间演化的控制因素,构造背景构成古地理面貌和台盆相间发育的基础因素,海平面震荡对台盆相间的发展规模、关键沉积物的分布具有重要的影响。

  • 6 结论

  • 虽然台地相碳酸盐岩在很多地质时期里都有发育,但能够达到台盆紧密相间的却不多。桂东北在泥盆纪和石炭纪期间具有完整的台盆相间发展历程,在D/C界线存在多个与沉积和构造相关的重要事件,形成了复杂的台盆相间沉积格局,是滇黔桂盆地演化的重要组成部分。文章在梳理桂东北D/C界线沉积特征的基础上,探讨了台盆相间的控制因素,获得以下结论:

  • (1)桂东北台盆相间区的D/C界线可以划分为两种相序,即碎屑岩相序和碳酸盐岩相序。两种相序转换频繁,岩性组合多样,在D/C界线形成以桂林、柳州两大台地及其他小型台地被深水反复分割的古地理格局,并且界线向上两种相序均表现出沉积环境变浅、相变增强的特征。

  • (2)桂东北台盆相间的发展历程具有阶段性。早泥盆世中期—晚期为台盆相间格局的孕育期;早泥盆世晚期—中泥盆世晚期海平面变化逐渐上升,断陷发育,沉积开始分异,具有“台先盆后”特征,为台盆相间格局的发展期;晩泥盆世—早石炭世相变达到最强,为台盆相间格局的鼎盛期。早石炭世之后台盆相间维持了一定强度并逐渐减弱,为台盆相间格局的衰退期。

  • (3)桂东北台盆相间的形成以及在D/C界线达到鼎盛的主要原因是同沉积构造运动和海平面频繁震荡。同沉积构造运动对台盆相间的促进作用大过破坏作用,海平面频繁震荡特别是强迫型海退对台盆相间发育程度增强的影响重大,促成了台盆相间格局鼎盛期的形成。

  • 致谢:本文获得了广西壮族自治区区域地质调查研究院李江先生多次的野外工作指导,容悦冰、苑新晨同志参加了野外工作并给予图件处理帮助,以及匿名评审专家的建设性修改意见,在此一并感谢!

  • 注释

  • ❶ 广西壮族自治区地质矿产开发局.2017.广西壮族自治区区域地质志.

  • 参考文献

    • Aretz M, Chevalier E. 2007. After the collapse of stromatoporid-coral reefs-the Famennian and Dinantian reefs of Belgium: Much more than Waulsortian mounds. Geological Society (special publications), 275: 163~188.

    • Aretz M, Poty E, Devuyst F X, Hance L, Hou Hongfei. 2012. Late Tournaisian Waulsortian-like carbonate mud banks from South China (Longdianshan Hill, central Guangxi): Preliminary investigations. Geological Journal, 47: 450~461.

    • Becker R T, Gradstein F M, Hammer O. 2012. The Devonian period. In: Gradstein F M, Ogg J G, Schmitz M D, Ogg G M, eds. The Geologic Time Scale 2012, 2. Amsterdam: Elsevier, 559~601.

    • Brenckle P L, Lane H R . 2005. Stratigraphy and biostratigraphy of the Mississippian subsystem (carboniferous system) in its type region, the Mississippi River Valley of Illinois, Missouri and Iowa. Champaign ILL Illinois State Geological Survey.

    • Buggisch W, Wang Xiangdong, Alekseev A S, Joachimski M M. 2011. Carboniferous-Permian carbon isotope stratigraphy of successions from China (Yangtze platform), USA (Kansas) and Russia (Moscow Basin and Urals). Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 301: 18~38.

    • Bureau of Geology and Mineral Resources of Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region. 1985. Regional Geology of Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region. Beijing: Geological Publishing House (in Chinese).

    • Bureau of Geology and Mineral Resources of Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region. 1992. Devonian of Guangxi. Wuhan: China University of Geosciences Press (in Chinese).

    • Bureau of Geology and Mineral Resources of Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region. 1999. Carboniferous of Guangxi. Wuhan: China University of Geosciences Press (in Chinese).

    • Chen Bo, Joachimski M M, Wang Xiangdong, Shen Shuzhong, Qi Yuping, Qie Wenkun. 2016. Ice volume and paleoclimate history of the Late Paleozoic Ice Age from conodont apatite oxygen isotopes from Naqing (Guizhou, China). Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 448: 151~161.

    • Chen Daizhao, Wang Jiangguo, Racki G, Li Hua, Wang Chengyuan, Ma Xueping, Whalen M T. 2013. Large sulphur isotopic perturbations and oceanic changes during the Frasnian-Famennian transition of the Late Devonian. Journal of the Geological Society, 170: 465~476.

    • Chen Jitao, Montañez I P, Qi Yuping, Wang Xiangdong, Wang Qiulai, Lin Wei. 2016. Coupled sedimentary and δ13C records of late Mississippian platform-to-slope successions from South China: Insight into δ13C chemostratigraphy. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 448: 162~178.

    • Cheng Shunbo, Fu Jianming, Chen Xiqing, Ma Liyan, Lu Youyue. 2012. Zircon SHRIMP U-Pbdating and geochemical characteristics of Haiyangshan monzogranitic batholith, northeast Guangxi. Geology and Mineral Resources of South China, 28(2): 132~140 (in Chinese with English abstract).

    • Davydov V I , Korn D, Schmitz M D, From W C, Gradstein F M, Hammer O. 2012. The Carboniferous Period-ScienceDirect. The Geologic Time Scale: 603~651.

    • Deng Min. 2011. Slope facies sedimentary characteristics of the late Paleozoic in Youjiang basin. Master's thesis of Chengdu University of Technology (in Chinese with English abstract).

    • Ding Feng. 2012. Paleogeographic evolution and the source-reservoir-cap assemblage's distribution regularity of marine stratigraphy, Doctoral dissertation of South Guizhou-Central Guangxi Depression (in Chinese with English abstract).

    • Du Yuansheng, Huang Hu, Yang Jianghai, Huang Hongwei, Tao Ping, Huang Zhiqiang, Hu Lisha, Xie Chunxia. 2013. The basin translation from Late Paleozoic to Triassic of the Youjiang basin and its tectonic signification. Geological Review, 59(1): 1~11 (in Chinese with English abstract).

    • Eberli G P. 1991. Growth and demise of isolated carbonate platforms: Bahamian controversies. In: Müller D W, McKenzie J A, Weissert H, eds. Controversies in Modern Geology: Evolution of Geological Theories in Sedimentology. London: Earth History and Tectonics Academic Press, 231~248.

    • Feng Zengzhao. 2004. Single factor analysis and multifactor comprehensive mapping method: Reconstruction of quantitative lithofacies palaeogeography. Journal of Palaeogeography, 6(1): 3~19 (in Chinese with English abstract).

    • Goddéris Y, Donnadieu Y, Le Hir G, Lefebvre V, Nardin E. 2014. The role of palaeogeography in the Phanerozoic history of atmospheric CO2 and climate. Earth Science Reviews, 128: 122~138.

    • Grossman E L, Yancey T E, Jones T E, Bruckschen P, Chuvashov B, Mazzullo S J, Mii H. 2008. Glaciation, aridification, and carbon sequestration in the Permo-Carboniferous: The isotopic record from low latitudes. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 268: 222~233.

    • Guo Hua. 2010. The Research ofsedimentary character in Late Paleozoic in Hunan and Guangxi. Master's thesis of China University of Petroleum (East China) (in Chinese with English abstract).

    • Hou Hongfei, Zhou Huailing, Liu Jianbo. 2011. Microbialse diments occurring after the End-Devonian extinction event on the Hunan Platform. Acta Geologica Sinica, 85: 145~156 (in Chinese with English abstract).

    • House M R. 2002. Strength, timing, setting and cause of mid-Palaeozoic extinctions. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 181: 5~25.

    • Hu Dongfeng, Li Yuping, Duan Jinbao, Zhang Kuangming, Fan Zhiwei. 2017. Sedimentary features of carbonates and evolution of isolated platforms in Devonian in Guizhong area. Acta Petrologica Sinica, 33(4): 1135~1147 (in Chinese with English abstract).

    • Hu Lisha, Xu Yajun, Du Yuansheng, Huang Hongwei, Xu Wangchun, Kuang Guodun. 2014. Geochemical characteristics and its geological significance of the Late Paleozoic siliceous rocks in Qinfang Trough, southeastern Guangxi. Journal of Palaeogeography, 16(1): 77~87 (in Chinese with English abstract).

    • Huang Fuxi. 2011. Filling process and evolutionary model of sedimentary sequence in Middle-Upper Yangtze cratonic basin. Doctoral dissertation of Chengdu University of Technology (in Chinese with English abstract).

    • Huang Hu, Du Yuansheng, Huang Zhiqiang, Yang Jianghai, Huang Hongwei, Xie Chunxia, Hu Lisha. 2013. Depositional chemistry of chert during Late Paleozoic from western Guangxi and its implication for the tectonic evolution of the Youjiang basin. Science China: Earth Sciences, 56: 479~493 (in Chinese with English abstract).

    • Joachimski M M, Breisig S, Buggisch W, Talent J A, Mawson R, Gereke M, Morrow J R, Day J, Weddige K. 2009. Devonian climate and reef evolution: Insights from oxygen isotopes in apatite. Earth & Planetary Science Letters, 284: 599~609.

    • Lehrmann D J, Wei J, Enos P. 1998. Contrpls on facies architecture of a large Triassic carbonate platform: The Great Bank of Guizhou Nanpanjiang basin, South China. Journal of Sedimentary Research, 68(2): 311~326.

    • Li Rongsen, Lu Gang, Pan Yiwen, Hu Guiang, Peng Yang. 2008. Characteristics of escarpmentive pseudounconformity in Devonian Tuhu manganese deposit, western Guangxi. Journal of Guilin University of Technology, 28(4): 449~457 (in Chinese with English abstract).

    • Li Xiaojun, Li Bo, Liu Bing, Guan Qi, Li Xugui, Tian Sumei. 2021. Carbon and oxygen isotopes across Devonian and Carboniferous boundary in the Funing area of Yunnan Province and the response to sea-level changes. Geological Bulletin of China, 40(7): 1047~1056 (in Chinese with English abstract).

    • Li Xiuzhen, Yu He, Jiang Nan, Meng Yongpan. 2016. A summary of the study result of Jiangnan Old Land. Yunnan Geology, 35(1): 1~4 (in Chinese with English abstract).

    • Li Ying, Wang Xiangdong, Hu Keyi, Huang Xing, Zhang Shuichang, Zhang Bin, Qi Yuping, Chen Jitao, Yao Le. 2021. Lithostratigraphic subdivision and correlation of the Carboniferous in China. Journal of Stratigraphy, 45(3): 303~318 (in Chinese with English abstract).

    • Liu Chao. 2017. Sedimentary features and evolution of the Late Paleozoic isolated Bama Platform in the Youjiang basin: Responses to and implications for the deep-time climate change. Doctoral dissertation of China University of Geosciences (in Chinese with English abstract).

    • Liu Chao, Lu Gang, Zhang Xi, Zhou Fusheng, Huang Xianglin, Du Yuansheng. 2014. Sedimentary characteristics and evolutionary stages in Late Paleozoic of Tian'e isolated platform in northwestern Guangxi. Geological Review, 60(1): 55~70 (in Chinese with English abstract).

    • Liu Jiahong. 2009. Study on Devoniansequence Litho-paleogeographic in central Guangxi. Master's thesis of Chengdu University of Technology (in Chinese with English abstract).

    • Ma Xueping, Liao Weihua, Wang Deming. 2009. The Devonian System of China, with a discussion on sea-level change in South China. In: Königshof P, ed. Devonian Change: Case Studies in Palaeogeography and Palaeoecology. London: Geological Society, 314: 241~262.

    • Murphy M A. 2005. Pragian conodont zonal classification in Nevada, western North America. Spanish Journal of Palaeontology, 20: 177~206.

    • Ou Lihua. 2013. Research on depositional feature and mineralization mechanism of the Upper Devonian manganese deposit in southwestern Guangxi area. Doctoral dissertation of Chengdu University of Technology (in Chinese with English abstract).

    • Peng Yang, Lu Gang. 2015. Newapproach on Devonian-Carboniferous carbonate neptunian dikes and earthquake events in Leye, Guangxi. Geological Review, 61(2): 281~287 (in Chinese with English abstract).

    • Peng Yang, Lu Gang. 2019. Study on buttress unconformity in Late Palaeozoic carbonates of northwestern Guangxi. Geological Review, 65(4): 794~809 (in Chinese with English abstract).

    • Peng Zhongqin, Wang Chuanshang, Li Zhihong, Wang Baozhong. 2014. Sea-level changes and carbon isotope excursion on the Devonian-Carboniferous boundary in southern Guizhou depression. Journal of Guilin University of Technology, 34(2): 235~244 (in Chinese with English abstract).

    • Pigram C, Davies P, Feary D, Symonds P A. 1989. Tectonic controls on carbonate platform evolution in southern Papua New Guinea: Passive margin to foreland basin. Geology, 17 (3): 199~202.

    • Qie Wenkun, Zhang Xionghua, Du Yuansheng, Zhang Yang. 2010. Lower Carboniferous carbon isotope stratigraphy in South China: Implications for the Late Paleozoic glaciation. Science China Earth Science, 40(11): 1533~1542 (in Chinese with English abstract).

    • Qie Wenkun, Liu Jiangsi, Chen Jitao, Wang Xiangdong, Mii H S, Zhang Xionghua, Huang Xing, Yao Le, Algeo T J, Luo Genming. 2015. Local overprints on the global carbonate δ13C signal in Devonian-Carboniferous boundary successions of South China. Palaeogeogr Palaeoclimatol Palaeoecol, 418: 290~303.

    • Qie Wenkun, Wang Xiangdong, Zhang Xionghua, Ji Wenting, Ethan L G. 2016. Latest Devonian to earliest Carboniferous conodont and carbon isotope stratigraphy of a shallow-water sequence in South China. Geological Journal, 51: 915~935.

    • Qie Wenkun, Ma Xueping, Xu honghe, Qiao Li, Liang Kun, Guo Wen, Song Junjun, Chen Bo, Lu Jianfeng. 2019. Devonian integrative stratigraphy and timescale of China. Science China Earth Sciences, 62: 112~134 (in Chinese with English abstract).

    • Qin Yinglun, Zhang Jiazheng, Wang Yufang, Kang Haixia, Li Juan, Zhang Ziya, Xue Zong'an, Zhang Yunxiao. 2021. Discovery of shale gas by Guirongye-1 well within Carboniferous Luzhai Formation in Guizhong depression, Guangxi. Geology in China, 48(2): 667~668 (in Chinese with English abstract).

    • Ren Jishun. 1990. On the geotectonics of southern China. Acta Geological Sinica, 63(4): 275~288 (in Chinese with English abstract).

    • Shao Xiaoyang, Li Wenhui, Luo Xiyi, Yan Yapeng, Li Kun, Liu Jianxiong, Huang Jichun. 2018. Devonian sequence stratigraphy in the Fuchuan area, northeastern Guangxi. Journal of Stratigraphy, 42(3): 344~351 (in Chinese with English abstract).

    • Shi Xiaoyin, Hou Yuan, Shuai Kaiye. 2006. Late Paleozoic deep-water stratigraphic succession in central Youjiang basin: Constraints on basin evolution. Earth Science Frontiers, 13(6): 153~170 (in Chinese with English abstract).

    • Slavík L, Carls P, Hladil J, Koptikova L. 2012. Subdivision of the Lochkovian Stage based on conodont faunas from the stratotype area (Prague Synform, Czech Republic). Geological Journal, 47: 616~631.

    • Tao Jinyu, Hu Zongquan, Shen Baojian, Pan Anyang, Li Chuxiong, Wang Ruihu, Zhang Meiling. 2022. Sedimentary characteristics and model of platform-trough shale in the Lower Carboniferous, Guizhong Depression, Dianqiangui basin. Oil & Gas Geology, 43(2): 365~377 (in Chinese with English abstract).

    • Wang Baozhong, Ou Wenjia, Wang Chuanshang, Peng Zhongqin, Zhang Guotao. 2018. Geochemical characteristics of the Early Carboniferous shale in Guizhong depression and their contribution to adjacent gas reservoirs. Earth Science, 43(7): 2222~2233 (in Chinese with English abstract).

    • Wang Chuanshang, Li Zhihong, Peng Zhongqin, Wang Baozhong, Zhang Guotao. 2014. The carbon isotope variation and its responses to sea level changes during the late Early Devonian period in Guizhou and Guangxi. Geology in China, 41(6): 2039~2047 (in Chinese with English abstract).

    • Wang Denghong, Chen Yuchuan, Chen Zhenghui, Liu Shanbao, Xu Jianxiang, Zhang Jiajing, Zeng Zailin, Chen Fuwen, Li Huaqin, Guo Chunli. 2007. Assessment on mineral resource in Nanling region and suggestion for further prospecting. Acta Geologica Sinica, 80(7): 882~890 (in Chinese with English abstract).

    • Wang Jinzhu, Li Xiaogang, Xu Zhengjian, Xin Yunlu, Li Zhao, Li Yiwen. 2021. Shale gas accumulation conditions and favorable-zone prediction in Lower Carboniferous Luzhai Formation in Donglan area of Nanpanjiang depression, China. Earth Science, 48(2): 667~668 (in Chinese with English abstract).

    • Wang Xiangdong, Qie Wenkun, Sheng Qingyi, Qi Yuping, Wang Yue, Liao Zhuoting, Shen Shuzhong, Ueno K. 2013. Carboniferous and Lower Permian sedimentological cycles and biotic events of South China. Geological Society, 376(11): 33~46.

    • Wang Xiangdong, Hu Keyi, Qie Wenkun, Sheng Qingyi, Chen Bo, Lin Wei, Yao Le, Wang Qiulai, Qi Yuping, Chen Jitao, Liao Zhuoting, Song Junjun. 2019. Carboniferous integrative stratigraphy and timescale of China. Science China Earth Sciences, 62: 135~153 (in Chinese with English abstract).

    • Wang Xinqiang, Shi Xiaoying. 2008. Sedimentary characteristics and evolution of the Late Paleozoic Leye isolated carbonate platform in northwest Guangxi. Journal of Palaeogeography, 10(4): 329~340 (in Chinese with English abstract).

    • Wang Zhuozhuo, Chen Daizhao, Wang Jianguo. 2007. Element Geochemistry and depositional setting of the chert in Devonian, Nanning area, Guangxi. Acta Sedimentologica Sinica, 25(2): 239~245 (in Chinese with English abstract).

    • Wilson M E, Lokier S W, 2002. Siliciclastic and volcaniclastic influences on equatorial carbonates: Insights from the Neogene of Indonesia. Sedimentology, 49(3): 583~601.

    • Wu Haoruo. 2003. Discussion on tectonic palaeogeography of Nanpanjiang sea in the Late Palaeozoic and Triassic. Journal of Palaeogeography, 5(1): 63~76 (in Chinese with English abstract).

    • Wu Yichao, Bai Zhiqiang, Chang Jieqiong, Wang Baopeng, Sun Yongchao. 2014. Chemostratigraphy of Devonian-Carboniferousboundary at Nanbiancun section, Guilin, Guangxi. Geological Science and Technology Information, 33(5): 86~92 (in Chinese with English abstract).

    • Xie Xiaohua, Chen Weifeng, Zhao Kuidong, Sun Tao, Chen Peirong, Jiang Shaoyong, Zhu Kangren, Li Yaowei. 2008. Geochemical characteristics and geochronology of the Douzhashan granite, northeastern Guangxi Province, China. Acta Petrologica Sinica, 24(6): 1302~1312 (in Chinese with English abstract).

    • Xu Xiaosong, Yin Fuguang, Wan Fang, Liang Zonghua, Wei Baodong, Zhang Jinrui. 2001. The migration of the Qinzhou-Fangcheng trough in Guangxi and associated sedimentary-tectonic transform surfaces. Sedimentary Geology and Tethyan Geology, 14(4): 1~10 (in Chinese with English abstract).

    • Yang Huaiyu. 2010. Pattern and evolution of the Devonian-Middle Triassic tectono-palaeogeography in Hunan and Guangxi provinces. Doctoral dissertation of China University of Petroleum (East China) (in Chinese with English abstract).

    • Yao Le, Qie Wenkun, Luo Genming, Liu Jiangsi, Algeo T J, Bai Xiao, Yang Bo, Wang Xiangdong. 2015. The TICE event: Perturbation of carbon-nitrogen cycles during the Mid-Tournaisian (Early Carboniferous) greenhouse-icehouse transition. Chemical Geology, 401: 1~14.

    • Yu Shuqing, Zhang Xi, Lu Ganqiang, Zhou Hui, Li Xingpeng. 2021. Late Devonian-Early Carboniferous parallel unconformity and its significance in De'e area of Longlin. Journal of Guilin University of Technology, 41(2): 277~284 (in Chinese with English abstract).

    • Yuan Qiong, Zhou Minyue, Wei Longming, Tian Hanyu, Bai Zhiqiang. 2018. Geochemical characteristics and sedimentary environment of the Late Devonian-Early Carboniferous siliceous rocks in Shijia, Qinzhou, Guangxi. Mineral Resources and Geology, 32(5): 852~860 (in Chinese with English abstract).

    • Zhang Chenggong. 2010. Sequence lithofacies palaeogeography characteristic and its evolution from Permian to middle Triassic in South Guizhou and Middle Guangxi. Master's thesis of Chengdu University of Technology (in Chinese with English abstract).

    • Zhang Yingshuai, Mao Jiaren, Wang Qilin, Xiao Yu, Wang Ganlu. 2018. Geochemical characteristics and palaeoenvironmental significance of the paleo-weathered crust at the Carboniferous bottom in Wudang of Guiyang. Geological Survey of China, 5(3): 66~73 (in Chinese with English abstract).

    • Zhou Wen, Jiang Zhenxue, Qiu Hengyuan, Jin Xiaochun, Wang Ruihu, Cen Wenpan, Tang Xianglu, Li Xin, Wang Guozhen, Cao Xiangni, Sun Yue. 2019. Shale gas accumulation conditions and prediction of favorable areas for the Lower Carboniferous Luzhai Formation in Guizhong depression. Acta Petrolei Sinica, 40(7): 798~812 (in Chinese with English abstract).

    • Zhu Huali, Qiao Chang, Wang Bo, Zhang Hanbin. 2017. Discovery andits geologic significance of sedimentary free face of Early Carboniferous in Hengfeng, Dushan, South Guizhou. Guizhou Geology, 34(3): 150~155 (in Chinese with English abstract).

    • Zhu Yiting, Li Xiaofeng, Xiao Rong. 2019. The Ar-Ar age of muscovite from Late Devonian Jinziling tungsten deposit in northeast Guangxi and its geological implications. Geology and Mineral Resources of South China, 35(4): 423~432 (in Chinese with English abstract).

    • 程顺波, 付建明, 陈希清, 马丽艳, 卢友月. 2012. 桂东北海洋山岩体锆石SHRIMP U-Pb定年和地球化学研究. 华南地质与矿产, 28(2): 132~140.

    • 邓敏. 2011. 右江盆地晚古生代斜坡相沉积特征研究. 成都理工大学.

    • 丁枫. 2012. 黔南—桂中地区海相地层古地理演化及生储盖分布规律. 成都理工大学.

    • 杜远生, 黄虎, 杨江海, 黄宏伟, 陶平, 黄志强, 胡丽沙, 谢春霞. 2013. 晚古生代—中三叠世右江盆地的格局和转换. 地质论评, 59(1): 1~11.

    • 冯增昭. 2004. 单因素分析多因素综合作图法: 定量岩相古地理重建. 古地理学报, 6(1): 3~19.

    • 广西壮族自治区地质矿产局. 1985. 广西壮族自治区区域地质志. 北京: 地质出版社.

    • 广西壮族自治区地质矿产局. 1992. 广西的泥盆系. 武汉: 中国地质大学出版社.

    • 广西壮族自治区地质矿产局. 1999. 广西的石炭系. 武汉: 中国地质大学出版社.

    • 郭桦. 2010. 湘桂地区晚古生代沉积特征研究. 中国石油大学硕士学位论文.

    • 侯鸿飞, 周怀岭, 刘建波. 2011. 湖南台地泥盆纪末绝灭事件后的微生物沉积. 地质学报, 85(1): 145~156.

    • 胡东风, 李宇平, 段金宝, 张矿明, 范志伟, 2017. 桂中地区泥盆纪碳酸盐岩沉积特征与孤立台地礁滩演化. 岩石学报, 33(4): 1135~1147.

    • 胡丽沙, 徐亚军, 杜远生, 黄宏伟, 徐旺春, 邝国敦. 2014. 广西东南部钦防海槽晚古生代硅质岩地球化学特征及其地质意义. 古地理学报, 16(1): 77~87.

    • 黄福喜. 2011. 中上扬子克拉通盆地沉积层序充填过程与演化模式. 成都理工大学.

    • 黄虎, 杜远生, 黄志强, 杨江海, 黄宏伟, 谢春霞, 胡丽沙. 2013. 桂西晚古生代硅质岩地球化学特征及其对右江盆地构造演化的启示. 中国科学: 地球科学, 43(2): 304~316.

    • 李容森, 陆刚, 潘艺文, 胡贵昂, 彭阳. 2008. 桂西土湖锰矿区泥盆系中的陡崖式假不整合构造. 桂林工学院学报, 28(4): 449~457.

    • 李小军, 李波, 刘兵, 关奇, 李序贵, 田素梅. 2021. 云南富宁地区泥盆系—石炭系界线碳、氧同位素特征及对海平面变化的响应. 地质通报, 40(7): 1047~1056.

    • 李秀珍, 余何, 江楠, 蒙永潘. 2016. 江南古陆研究成果综述. 云南地质, 35(1): 1~4.

    • 李莹, 王向东, 胡科毅, 黄兴, 张水昌, 张斌, 祁玉平, 陈吉涛, 要乐. 2021. 中国石炭纪岩石地层划分和对比. 地层学杂志, 45(3): 303~318.

    • 刘超. 2017. 华南右江盆地晚古生代巴马孤立台地沉积特征与演化. 中国地质大学博士学位论文.

    • 刘超, 陆刚, 张喜, 周府生, 黄祥林, 杜远生. 2014. 桂西北天峨孤立碳酸盐岩台地晚古生代沉积特征与演化. 地质论评, 60(1): 55~70.

    • 刘家洪. 2009. 桂中地区泥盆系层序岩相古地理研究. 成都理工大学硕士学位论文.

    • 欧莉华. 2013. 桂西南地区上泥盆统锰矿沉积特征与成矿机理研究. 成都理工大学博士学位论文.

    • 彭阳, 陆刚. 2015. 广西乐业泥盆系—石炭系沉积碳酸盐岩脉及地震事件沉积的新发现. 地质论评, 61(2): 281~287.

    • 彭阳, 陆刚. 2019. 桂西北晚古生代地层中的毗连不整合研究. 地质论评, 65(4): 794~809.

    • 彭中勤, 王传尚, 李志宏, 王保忠. 2014. 黔南坳陷泥盆—石炭纪之交海平面变化及碳同位素异常. 桂林理工大学学报, 34(2): 235~244.

    • 郄文昆, 张雄华, 杜远生, 张扬. 2010. 华南地区下石炭亚系碳同位素记录及对晚古生代冰期的响应. 中国科学: 地球科学, 40(11): 1533~1542.

    • 郄文昆, 马学平, 徐洪河, 乔丽, 梁昆, 郭文, 宋俊俊, 陈波, 卢建峰. 2019. 中国泥盆纪综合地层和时间框架. 中国科学: 地球科学, 49(1): 115~138.

    • 任纪舜. 1990. 论中国南部的大地构造. 地质学报, 63(4): 275~288.

    • 邵小阳, 李文辉, 罗锡宜, 闫亚鹏, 李坤, 刘建雄, 黄继春. 2018. 桂东北富川地区泥盆纪层序地层划分. 地层学杂志, 42(3): 344~351.

    • 史晓颖, 侯宇安, 帅开业. 2006. 桂西南晚古生代深水相地层序列及沉积演化. 地学前缘, 13(6): 153~170.

    • 覃英伦, 张家政, 王玉芳, 康海霞, 李娟, 张子亚, 薛宗安, 张云枭. 2021. 广西桂中坳陷(桂融页1井)石炭系鹿寨组获页岩气重要发现. 中国地质, 48(2): 667~668.

    • 陶金雨, 胡宗全, 申宝剑, 潘安阳, 李楚雄, 王瑞湖, 张美玲. 2022. 滇黔桂盆地桂中坳陷下石炭统台槽相页岩沉积特征与沉积模式. 石油与天然气地质, 43(2): 365~377.

    • 王保忠, 欧文佳, 王传尚, 彭中勤, 张国涛. 2018. 桂中坳陷早石炭世泥页岩地球化学特征及近源气成藏模式. 地球科学, 43(7): 2222~2233.

    • 王传尚, 李志宏, 彭中勤, 王保忠, 张国涛. 2014. 黔桂地区早泥盆世晚期碳稳定同位素变化及其对海平面变化的响应. 中国地质, 41(6): 2039~2047.

    • 王登红, 陈毓川, 陈郑辉, 刘善宝, 许建祥, 张家菁, 曾载淋, 陈富文, 李华芹, 郭春丽. 2007. 南岭地区矿产资源形势分析和找矿方向研究. 地质学报, 81(7): 882~890.

    • 王劲铸, 李小刚, 徐正建, 辛云路, 李昭, 李仪汶. 2021. 南盘江坳陷东兰地区下石炭统鹿寨组页岩气成藏条件及有利区预测. 地球科学, 46(5): 1814~1828.

    • 王向东, 胡科毅, 郄文昆, 盛青怡, 陈波, 林巍, 要乐, 王秋来, 祁玉平, 陈吉涛, 廖卓庭, 宋俊俊. 2019. 中国石炭纪综合地层和时间框架. 中国科学: 地球科学, 49(1): 139~159.

    • 王新强, 史晓颖. 2008. 桂西北晚古生代乐业孤立碳酸盐岩台地沉积特征与演化阶段. 古地理学报, 10(4): 329~340.

    • 王卓卓, 陈代钊, 汪建国. 2007. 广西南宁地区泥盆系硅质岩地球化学特征及沉积环境. 沉积学报, 25(2): 239~245.

    • 吴浩若. 2003. 晚古生代—三叠纪南盘江海的构造古地理问题. 古地理学报, 5(1): 63~76.

    • 吴一超, 白志强, 常洁琼, 王宝鹏, 孙永超. 2014. 广西桂林南边村剖面泥盆系—石炭系界线化学地层学. 地质科技情报, 33(5): 86~92.

    • 谢晓华, 陈卫锋, 赵葵东, 孙涛, 陈培荣, 蒋少涌, 朱康任, 李妩巍. 2008. 桂东北豆乍山花岗岩年代学与地球化学特征. 岩石学报, 24(6): 1302~1312.

    • 许效松, 尹福光, 万方, 梁宗华, 韦宝东, 张金端. 2001. 广西钦防海槽迁移与沉积-构造转换面. 沉积与特提斯地质, 14(4): 1~10.

    • 杨怀宇. 2010. 湘桂地区泥盆纪—中三叠世构造古地理格局及其演化. 中国石油大学博士学位论文.

    • 余树青, 张喜, 陆干强, 周辉, 李兴鹏. 2021. 隆林德峨地区晚泥盆世—早石炭世平行不整合及其意义探讨. 桂林理工大学学报, 41(2): 277~284.

    • 袁琼, 周旻玥, 韦龙明, 田晗钰, 白志强. 2018. 广西钦州石夹晚泥盆-早石炭世硅质岩地球化学特征及沉积环境意义. 矿产与地质, 32(5): 852~860.

    • 张成弓. 2010. 黔南—桂中地区二叠纪—中三叠世层序岩相古地理研究. 成都理工大学硕士学位论文.

    • 张英帅, 毛家仁, 王启林, 肖宇, 王甘露. 2018. 贵阳乌当石炭系底部古风化壳地球化学特征及古环境意义. 中国地质调查, 5(3): 66~73.

    • 周雯, 姜振学, 仇恒远, 金晓春, 王瑞湖, 岑文攀, 唐相路, 李鑫, 王国臻, 曹香妮, 孙玥. 2019. 桂中坳陷下石炭统鹿寨组页岩气成藏条件和有利区预测. 石油学报, 40(7): 798~812.

    • 朱华利, 谯常, 王波, 张晗彬. 2017. 黔南独山恒丰早石炭世沉积暴露面的发现及其地质意义. 贵州地质, 34(3): 150~155.

    • 朱艺婷, 李晓峰, 肖荣. 2019. 桂东北泥盆纪金子岭钨矿白云母Ar-Ar年龄及其地质意义. 华南地质与矿产, 35(4): 423~432.

  • 参考文献

    • Aretz M, Chevalier E. 2007. After the collapse of stromatoporid-coral reefs-the Famennian and Dinantian reefs of Belgium: Much more than Waulsortian mounds. Geological Society (special publications), 275: 163~188.

    • Aretz M, Poty E, Devuyst F X, Hance L, Hou Hongfei. 2012. Late Tournaisian Waulsortian-like carbonate mud banks from South China (Longdianshan Hill, central Guangxi): Preliminary investigations. Geological Journal, 47: 450~461.

    • Becker R T, Gradstein F M, Hammer O. 2012. The Devonian period. In: Gradstein F M, Ogg J G, Schmitz M D, Ogg G M, eds. The Geologic Time Scale 2012, 2. Amsterdam: Elsevier, 559~601.

    • Brenckle P L, Lane H R . 2005. Stratigraphy and biostratigraphy of the Mississippian subsystem (carboniferous system) in its type region, the Mississippi River Valley of Illinois, Missouri and Iowa. Champaign ILL Illinois State Geological Survey.

    • Buggisch W, Wang Xiangdong, Alekseev A S, Joachimski M M. 2011. Carboniferous-Permian carbon isotope stratigraphy of successions from China (Yangtze platform), USA (Kansas) and Russia (Moscow Basin and Urals). Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 301: 18~38.

    • Bureau of Geology and Mineral Resources of Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region. 1985. Regional Geology of Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region. Beijing: Geological Publishing House (in Chinese).

    • Bureau of Geology and Mineral Resources of Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region. 1992. Devonian of Guangxi. Wuhan: China University of Geosciences Press (in Chinese).

    • Bureau of Geology and Mineral Resources of Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region. 1999. Carboniferous of Guangxi. Wuhan: China University of Geosciences Press (in Chinese).

    • Chen Bo, Joachimski M M, Wang Xiangdong, Shen Shuzhong, Qi Yuping, Qie Wenkun. 2016. Ice volume and paleoclimate history of the Late Paleozoic Ice Age from conodont apatite oxygen isotopes from Naqing (Guizhou, China). Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 448: 151~161.

    • Chen Daizhao, Wang Jiangguo, Racki G, Li Hua, Wang Chengyuan, Ma Xueping, Whalen M T. 2013. Large sulphur isotopic perturbations and oceanic changes during the Frasnian-Famennian transition of the Late Devonian. Journal of the Geological Society, 170: 465~476.

    • Chen Jitao, Montañez I P, Qi Yuping, Wang Xiangdong, Wang Qiulai, Lin Wei. 2016. Coupled sedimentary and δ13C records of late Mississippian platform-to-slope successions from South China: Insight into δ13C chemostratigraphy. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 448: 162~178.

    • Cheng Shunbo, Fu Jianming, Chen Xiqing, Ma Liyan, Lu Youyue. 2012. Zircon SHRIMP U-Pbdating and geochemical characteristics of Haiyangshan monzogranitic batholith, northeast Guangxi. Geology and Mineral Resources of South China, 28(2): 132~140 (in Chinese with English abstract).

    • Davydov V I , Korn D, Schmitz M D, From W C, Gradstein F M, Hammer O. 2012. The Carboniferous Period-ScienceDirect. The Geologic Time Scale: 603~651.

    • Deng Min. 2011. Slope facies sedimentary characteristics of the late Paleozoic in Youjiang basin. Master's thesis of Chengdu University of Technology (in Chinese with English abstract).

    • Ding Feng. 2012. Paleogeographic evolution and the source-reservoir-cap assemblage's distribution regularity of marine stratigraphy, Doctoral dissertation of South Guizhou-Central Guangxi Depression (in Chinese with English abstract).

    • Du Yuansheng, Huang Hu, Yang Jianghai, Huang Hongwei, Tao Ping, Huang Zhiqiang, Hu Lisha, Xie Chunxia. 2013. The basin translation from Late Paleozoic to Triassic of the Youjiang basin and its tectonic signification. Geological Review, 59(1): 1~11 (in Chinese with English abstract).

    • Eberli G P. 1991. Growth and demise of isolated carbonate platforms: Bahamian controversies. In: Müller D W, McKenzie J A, Weissert H, eds. Controversies in Modern Geology: Evolution of Geological Theories in Sedimentology. London: Earth History and Tectonics Academic Press, 231~248.

    • Feng Zengzhao. 2004. Single factor analysis and multifactor comprehensive mapping method: Reconstruction of quantitative lithofacies palaeogeography. Journal of Palaeogeography, 6(1): 3~19 (in Chinese with English abstract).

    • Goddéris Y, Donnadieu Y, Le Hir G, Lefebvre V, Nardin E. 2014. The role of palaeogeography in the Phanerozoic history of atmospheric CO2 and climate. Earth Science Reviews, 128: 122~138.

    • Grossman E L, Yancey T E, Jones T E, Bruckschen P, Chuvashov B, Mazzullo S J, Mii H. 2008. Glaciation, aridification, and carbon sequestration in the Permo-Carboniferous: The isotopic record from low latitudes. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 268: 222~233.

    • Guo Hua. 2010. The Research ofsedimentary character in Late Paleozoic in Hunan and Guangxi. Master's thesis of China University of Petroleum (East China) (in Chinese with English abstract).

    • Hou Hongfei, Zhou Huailing, Liu Jianbo. 2011. Microbialse diments occurring after the End-Devonian extinction event on the Hunan Platform. Acta Geologica Sinica, 85: 145~156 (in Chinese with English abstract).

    • House M R. 2002. Strength, timing, setting and cause of mid-Palaeozoic extinctions. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 181: 5~25.

    • Hu Dongfeng, Li Yuping, Duan Jinbao, Zhang Kuangming, Fan Zhiwei. 2017. Sedimentary features of carbonates and evolution of isolated platforms in Devonian in Guizhong area. Acta Petrologica Sinica, 33(4): 1135~1147 (in Chinese with English abstract).

    • Hu Lisha, Xu Yajun, Du Yuansheng, Huang Hongwei, Xu Wangchun, Kuang Guodun. 2014. Geochemical characteristics and its geological significance of the Late Paleozoic siliceous rocks in Qinfang Trough, southeastern Guangxi. Journal of Palaeogeography, 16(1): 77~87 (in Chinese with English abstract).

    • Huang Fuxi. 2011. Filling process and evolutionary model of sedimentary sequence in Middle-Upper Yangtze cratonic basin. Doctoral dissertation of Chengdu University of Technology (in Chinese with English abstract).

    • Huang Hu, Du Yuansheng, Huang Zhiqiang, Yang Jianghai, Huang Hongwei, Xie Chunxia, Hu Lisha. 2013. Depositional chemistry of chert during Late Paleozoic from western Guangxi and its implication for the tectonic evolution of the Youjiang basin. Science China: Earth Sciences, 56: 479~493 (in Chinese with English abstract).

    • Joachimski M M, Breisig S, Buggisch W, Talent J A, Mawson R, Gereke M, Morrow J R, Day J, Weddige K. 2009. Devonian climate and reef evolution: Insights from oxygen isotopes in apatite. Earth & Planetary Science Letters, 284: 599~609.

    • Lehrmann D J, Wei J, Enos P. 1998. Contrpls on facies architecture of a large Triassic carbonate platform: The Great Bank of Guizhou Nanpanjiang basin, South China. Journal of Sedimentary Research, 68(2): 311~326.

    • Li Rongsen, Lu Gang, Pan Yiwen, Hu Guiang, Peng Yang. 2008. Characteristics of escarpmentive pseudounconformity in Devonian Tuhu manganese deposit, western Guangxi. Journal of Guilin University of Technology, 28(4): 449~457 (in Chinese with English abstract).

    • Li Xiaojun, Li Bo, Liu Bing, Guan Qi, Li Xugui, Tian Sumei. 2021. Carbon and oxygen isotopes across Devonian and Carboniferous boundary in the Funing area of Yunnan Province and the response to sea-level changes. Geological Bulletin of China, 40(7): 1047~1056 (in Chinese with English abstract).

    • Li Xiuzhen, Yu He, Jiang Nan, Meng Yongpan. 2016. A summary of the study result of Jiangnan Old Land. Yunnan Geology, 35(1): 1~4 (in Chinese with English abstract).

    • Li Ying, Wang Xiangdong, Hu Keyi, Huang Xing, Zhang Shuichang, Zhang Bin, Qi Yuping, Chen Jitao, Yao Le. 2021. Lithostratigraphic subdivision and correlation of the Carboniferous in China. Journal of Stratigraphy, 45(3): 303~318 (in Chinese with English abstract).

    • Liu Chao. 2017. Sedimentary features and evolution of the Late Paleozoic isolated Bama Platform in the Youjiang basin: Responses to and implications for the deep-time climate change. Doctoral dissertation of China University of Geosciences (in Chinese with English abstract).

    • Liu Chao, Lu Gang, Zhang Xi, Zhou Fusheng, Huang Xianglin, Du Yuansheng. 2014. Sedimentary characteristics and evolutionary stages in Late Paleozoic of Tian'e isolated platform in northwestern Guangxi. Geological Review, 60(1): 55~70 (in Chinese with English abstract).

    • Liu Jiahong. 2009. Study on Devoniansequence Litho-paleogeographic in central Guangxi. Master's thesis of Chengdu University of Technology (in Chinese with English abstract).

    • Ma Xueping, Liao Weihua, Wang Deming. 2009. The Devonian System of China, with a discussion on sea-level change in South China. In: Königshof P, ed. Devonian Change: Case Studies in Palaeogeography and Palaeoecology. London: Geological Society, 314: 241~262.

    • Murphy M A. 2005. Pragian conodont zonal classification in Nevada, western North America. Spanish Journal of Palaeontology, 20: 177~206.

    • Ou Lihua. 2013. Research on depositional feature and mineralization mechanism of the Upper Devonian manganese deposit in southwestern Guangxi area. Doctoral dissertation of Chengdu University of Technology (in Chinese with English abstract).

    • Peng Yang, Lu Gang. 2015. Newapproach on Devonian-Carboniferous carbonate neptunian dikes and earthquake events in Leye, Guangxi. Geological Review, 61(2): 281~287 (in Chinese with English abstract).

    • Peng Yang, Lu Gang. 2019. Study on buttress unconformity in Late Palaeozoic carbonates of northwestern Guangxi. Geological Review, 65(4): 794~809 (in Chinese with English abstract).

    • Peng Zhongqin, Wang Chuanshang, Li Zhihong, Wang Baozhong. 2014. Sea-level changes and carbon isotope excursion on the Devonian-Carboniferous boundary in southern Guizhou depression. Journal of Guilin University of Technology, 34(2): 235~244 (in Chinese with English abstract).

    • Pigram C, Davies P, Feary D, Symonds P A. 1989. Tectonic controls on carbonate platform evolution in southern Papua New Guinea: Passive margin to foreland basin. Geology, 17 (3): 199~202.

    • Qie Wenkun, Zhang Xionghua, Du Yuansheng, Zhang Yang. 2010. Lower Carboniferous carbon isotope stratigraphy in South China: Implications for the Late Paleozoic glaciation. Science China Earth Science, 40(11): 1533~1542 (in Chinese with English abstract).

    • Qie Wenkun, Liu Jiangsi, Chen Jitao, Wang Xiangdong, Mii H S, Zhang Xionghua, Huang Xing, Yao Le, Algeo T J, Luo Genming. 2015. Local overprints on the global carbonate δ13C signal in Devonian-Carboniferous boundary successions of South China. Palaeogeogr Palaeoclimatol Palaeoecol, 418: 290~303.

    • Qie Wenkun, Wang Xiangdong, Zhang Xionghua, Ji Wenting, Ethan L G. 2016. Latest Devonian to earliest Carboniferous conodont and carbon isotope stratigraphy of a shallow-water sequence in South China. Geological Journal, 51: 915~935.

    • Qie Wenkun, Ma Xueping, Xu honghe, Qiao Li, Liang Kun, Guo Wen, Song Junjun, Chen Bo, Lu Jianfeng. 2019. Devonian integrative stratigraphy and timescale of China. Science China Earth Sciences, 62: 112~134 (in Chinese with English abstract).

    • Qin Yinglun, Zhang Jiazheng, Wang Yufang, Kang Haixia, Li Juan, Zhang Ziya, Xue Zong'an, Zhang Yunxiao. 2021. Discovery of shale gas by Guirongye-1 well within Carboniferous Luzhai Formation in Guizhong depression, Guangxi. Geology in China, 48(2): 667~668 (in Chinese with English abstract).

    • Ren Jishun. 1990. On the geotectonics of southern China. Acta Geological Sinica, 63(4): 275~288 (in Chinese with English abstract).

    • Shao Xiaoyang, Li Wenhui, Luo Xiyi, Yan Yapeng, Li Kun, Liu Jianxiong, Huang Jichun. 2018. Devonian sequence stratigraphy in the Fuchuan area, northeastern Guangxi. Journal of Stratigraphy, 42(3): 344~351 (in Chinese with English abstract).

    • Shi Xiaoyin, Hou Yuan, Shuai Kaiye. 2006. Late Paleozoic deep-water stratigraphic succession in central Youjiang basin: Constraints on basin evolution. Earth Science Frontiers, 13(6): 153~170 (in Chinese with English abstract).

    • Slavík L, Carls P, Hladil J, Koptikova L. 2012. Subdivision of the Lochkovian Stage based on conodont faunas from the stratotype area (Prague Synform, Czech Republic). Geological Journal, 47: 616~631.

    • Tao Jinyu, Hu Zongquan, Shen Baojian, Pan Anyang, Li Chuxiong, Wang Ruihu, Zhang Meiling. 2022. Sedimentary characteristics and model of platform-trough shale in the Lower Carboniferous, Guizhong Depression, Dianqiangui basin. Oil & Gas Geology, 43(2): 365~377 (in Chinese with English abstract).

    • Wang Baozhong, Ou Wenjia, Wang Chuanshang, Peng Zhongqin, Zhang Guotao. 2018. Geochemical characteristics of the Early Carboniferous shale in Guizhong depression and their contribution to adjacent gas reservoirs. Earth Science, 43(7): 2222~2233 (in Chinese with English abstract).

    • Wang Chuanshang, Li Zhihong, Peng Zhongqin, Wang Baozhong, Zhang Guotao. 2014. The carbon isotope variation and its responses to sea level changes during the late Early Devonian period in Guizhou and Guangxi. Geology in China, 41(6): 2039~2047 (in Chinese with English abstract).

    • Wang Denghong, Chen Yuchuan, Chen Zhenghui, Liu Shanbao, Xu Jianxiang, Zhang Jiajing, Zeng Zailin, Chen Fuwen, Li Huaqin, Guo Chunli. 2007. Assessment on mineral resource in Nanling region and suggestion for further prospecting. Acta Geologica Sinica, 80(7): 882~890 (in Chinese with English abstract).

    • Wang Jinzhu, Li Xiaogang, Xu Zhengjian, Xin Yunlu, Li Zhao, Li Yiwen. 2021. Shale gas accumulation conditions and favorable-zone prediction in Lower Carboniferous Luzhai Formation in Donglan area of Nanpanjiang depression, China. Earth Science, 48(2): 667~668 (in Chinese with English abstract).

    • Wang Xiangdong, Qie Wenkun, Sheng Qingyi, Qi Yuping, Wang Yue, Liao Zhuoting, Shen Shuzhong, Ueno K. 2013. Carboniferous and Lower Permian sedimentological cycles and biotic events of South China. Geological Society, 376(11): 33~46.

    • Wang Xiangdong, Hu Keyi, Qie Wenkun, Sheng Qingyi, Chen Bo, Lin Wei, Yao Le, Wang Qiulai, Qi Yuping, Chen Jitao, Liao Zhuoting, Song Junjun. 2019. Carboniferous integrative stratigraphy and timescale of China. Science China Earth Sciences, 62: 135~153 (in Chinese with English abstract).

    • Wang Xinqiang, Shi Xiaoying. 2008. Sedimentary characteristics and evolution of the Late Paleozoic Leye isolated carbonate platform in northwest Guangxi. Journal of Palaeogeography, 10(4): 329~340 (in Chinese with English abstract).

    • Wang Zhuozhuo, Chen Daizhao, Wang Jianguo. 2007. Element Geochemistry and depositional setting of the chert in Devonian, Nanning area, Guangxi. Acta Sedimentologica Sinica, 25(2): 239~245 (in Chinese with English abstract).

    • Wilson M E, Lokier S W, 2002. Siliciclastic and volcaniclastic influences on equatorial carbonates: Insights from the Neogene of Indonesia. Sedimentology, 49(3): 583~601.

    • Wu Haoruo. 2003. Discussion on tectonic palaeogeography of Nanpanjiang sea in the Late Palaeozoic and Triassic. Journal of Palaeogeography, 5(1): 63~76 (in Chinese with English abstract).

    • Wu Yichao, Bai Zhiqiang, Chang Jieqiong, Wang Baopeng, Sun Yongchao. 2014. Chemostratigraphy of Devonian-Carboniferousboundary at Nanbiancun section, Guilin, Guangxi. Geological Science and Technology Information, 33(5): 86~92 (in Chinese with English abstract).

    • Xie Xiaohua, Chen Weifeng, Zhao Kuidong, Sun Tao, Chen Peirong, Jiang Shaoyong, Zhu Kangren, Li Yaowei. 2008. Geochemical characteristics and geochronology of the Douzhashan granite, northeastern Guangxi Province, China. Acta Petrologica Sinica, 24(6): 1302~1312 (in Chinese with English abstract).

    • Xu Xiaosong, Yin Fuguang, Wan Fang, Liang Zonghua, Wei Baodong, Zhang Jinrui. 2001. The migration of the Qinzhou-Fangcheng trough in Guangxi and associated sedimentary-tectonic transform surfaces. Sedimentary Geology and Tethyan Geology, 14(4): 1~10 (in Chinese with English abstract).

    • Yang Huaiyu. 2010. Pattern and evolution of the Devonian-Middle Triassic tectono-palaeogeography in Hunan and Guangxi provinces. Doctoral dissertation of China University of Petroleum (East China) (in Chinese with English abstract).

    • Yao Le, Qie Wenkun, Luo Genming, Liu Jiangsi, Algeo T J, Bai Xiao, Yang Bo, Wang Xiangdong. 2015. The TICE event: Perturbation of carbon-nitrogen cycles during the Mid-Tournaisian (Early Carboniferous) greenhouse-icehouse transition. Chemical Geology, 401: 1~14.

    • Yu Shuqing, Zhang Xi, Lu Ganqiang, Zhou Hui, Li Xingpeng. 2021. Late Devonian-Early Carboniferous parallel unconformity and its significance in De'e area of Longlin. Journal of Guilin University of Technology, 41(2): 277~284 (in Chinese with English abstract).

    • Yuan Qiong, Zhou Minyue, Wei Longming, Tian Hanyu, Bai Zhiqiang. 2018. Geochemical characteristics and sedimentary environment of the Late Devonian-Early Carboniferous siliceous rocks in Shijia, Qinzhou, Guangxi. Mineral Resources and Geology, 32(5): 852~860 (in Chinese with English abstract).

    • Zhang Chenggong. 2010. Sequence lithofacies palaeogeography characteristic and its evolution from Permian to middle Triassic in South Guizhou and Middle Guangxi. Master's thesis of Chengdu University of Technology (in Chinese with English abstract).

    • Zhang Yingshuai, Mao Jiaren, Wang Qilin, Xiao Yu, Wang Ganlu. 2018. Geochemical characteristics and palaeoenvironmental significance of the paleo-weathered crust at the Carboniferous bottom in Wudang of Guiyang. Geological Survey of China, 5(3): 66~73 (in Chinese with English abstract).

    • Zhou Wen, Jiang Zhenxue, Qiu Hengyuan, Jin Xiaochun, Wang Ruihu, Cen Wenpan, Tang Xianglu, Li Xin, Wang Guozhen, Cao Xiangni, Sun Yue. 2019. Shale gas accumulation conditions and prediction of favorable areas for the Lower Carboniferous Luzhai Formation in Guizhong depression. Acta Petrolei Sinica, 40(7): 798~812 (in Chinese with English abstract).

    • Zhu Huali, Qiao Chang, Wang Bo, Zhang Hanbin. 2017. Discovery andits geologic significance of sedimentary free face of Early Carboniferous in Hengfeng, Dushan, South Guizhou. Guizhou Geology, 34(3): 150~155 (in Chinese with English abstract).

    • Zhu Yiting, Li Xiaofeng, Xiao Rong. 2019. The Ar-Ar age of muscovite from Late Devonian Jinziling tungsten deposit in northeast Guangxi and its geological implications. Geology and Mineral Resources of South China, 35(4): 423~432 (in Chinese with English abstract).

    • 程顺波, 付建明, 陈希清, 马丽艳, 卢友月. 2012. 桂东北海洋山岩体锆石SHRIMP U-Pb定年和地球化学研究. 华南地质与矿产, 28(2): 132~140.

    • 邓敏. 2011. 右江盆地晚古生代斜坡相沉积特征研究. 成都理工大学.

    • 丁枫. 2012. 黔南—桂中地区海相地层古地理演化及生储盖分布规律. 成都理工大学.

    • 杜远生, 黄虎, 杨江海, 黄宏伟, 陶平, 黄志强, 胡丽沙, 谢春霞. 2013. 晚古生代—中三叠世右江盆地的格局和转换. 地质论评, 59(1): 1~11.

    • 冯增昭. 2004. 单因素分析多因素综合作图法: 定量岩相古地理重建. 古地理学报, 6(1): 3~19.

    • 广西壮族自治区地质矿产局. 1985. 广西壮族自治区区域地质志. 北京: 地质出版社.

    • 广西壮族自治区地质矿产局. 1992. 广西的泥盆系. 武汉: 中国地质大学出版社.

    • 广西壮族自治区地质矿产局. 1999. 广西的石炭系. 武汉: 中国地质大学出版社.

    • 郭桦. 2010. 湘桂地区晚古生代沉积特征研究. 中国石油大学硕士学位论文.

    • 侯鸿飞, 周怀岭, 刘建波. 2011. 湖南台地泥盆纪末绝灭事件后的微生物沉积. 地质学报, 85(1): 145~156.

    • 胡东风, 李宇平, 段金宝, 张矿明, 范志伟, 2017. 桂中地区泥盆纪碳酸盐岩沉积特征与孤立台地礁滩演化. 岩石学报, 33(4): 1135~1147.

    • 胡丽沙, 徐亚军, 杜远生, 黄宏伟, 徐旺春, 邝国敦. 2014. 广西东南部钦防海槽晚古生代硅质岩地球化学特征及其地质意义. 古地理学报, 16(1): 77~87.

    • 黄福喜. 2011. 中上扬子克拉通盆地沉积层序充填过程与演化模式. 成都理工大学.

    • 黄虎, 杜远生, 黄志强, 杨江海, 黄宏伟, 谢春霞, 胡丽沙. 2013. 桂西晚古生代硅质岩地球化学特征及其对右江盆地构造演化的启示. 中国科学: 地球科学, 43(2): 304~316.

    • 李容森, 陆刚, 潘艺文, 胡贵昂, 彭阳. 2008. 桂西土湖锰矿区泥盆系中的陡崖式假不整合构造. 桂林工学院学报, 28(4): 449~457.

    • 李小军, 李波, 刘兵, 关奇, 李序贵, 田素梅. 2021. 云南富宁地区泥盆系—石炭系界线碳、氧同位素特征及对海平面变化的响应. 地质通报, 40(7): 1047~1056.

    • 李秀珍, 余何, 江楠, 蒙永潘. 2016. 江南古陆研究成果综述. 云南地质, 35(1): 1~4.

    • 李莹, 王向东, 胡科毅, 黄兴, 张水昌, 张斌, 祁玉平, 陈吉涛, 要乐. 2021. 中国石炭纪岩石地层划分和对比. 地层学杂志, 45(3): 303~318.

    • 刘超. 2017. 华南右江盆地晚古生代巴马孤立台地沉积特征与演化. 中国地质大学博士学位论文.

    • 刘超, 陆刚, 张喜, 周府生, 黄祥林, 杜远生. 2014. 桂西北天峨孤立碳酸盐岩台地晚古生代沉积特征与演化. 地质论评, 60(1): 55~70.

    • 刘家洪. 2009. 桂中地区泥盆系层序岩相古地理研究. 成都理工大学硕士学位论文.

    • 欧莉华. 2013. 桂西南地区上泥盆统锰矿沉积特征与成矿机理研究. 成都理工大学博士学位论文.

    • 彭阳, 陆刚. 2015. 广西乐业泥盆系—石炭系沉积碳酸盐岩脉及地震事件沉积的新发现. 地质论评, 61(2): 281~287.

    • 彭阳, 陆刚. 2019. 桂西北晚古生代地层中的毗连不整合研究. 地质论评, 65(4): 794~809.

    • 彭中勤, 王传尚, 李志宏, 王保忠. 2014. 黔南坳陷泥盆—石炭纪之交海平面变化及碳同位素异常. 桂林理工大学学报, 34(2): 235~244.

    • 郄文昆, 张雄华, 杜远生, 张扬. 2010. 华南地区下石炭亚系碳同位素记录及对晚古生代冰期的响应. 中国科学: 地球科学, 40(11): 1533~1542.

    • 郄文昆, 马学平, 徐洪河, 乔丽, 梁昆, 郭文, 宋俊俊, 陈波, 卢建峰. 2019. 中国泥盆纪综合地层和时间框架. 中国科学: 地球科学, 49(1): 115~138.

    • 任纪舜. 1990. 论中国南部的大地构造. 地质学报, 63(4): 275~288.

    • 邵小阳, 李文辉, 罗锡宜, 闫亚鹏, 李坤, 刘建雄, 黄继春. 2018. 桂东北富川地区泥盆纪层序地层划分. 地层学杂志, 42(3): 344~351.

    • 史晓颖, 侯宇安, 帅开业. 2006. 桂西南晚古生代深水相地层序列及沉积演化. 地学前缘, 13(6): 153~170.

    • 覃英伦, 张家政, 王玉芳, 康海霞, 李娟, 张子亚, 薛宗安, 张云枭. 2021. 广西桂中坳陷(桂融页1井)石炭系鹿寨组获页岩气重要发现. 中国地质, 48(2): 667~668.

    • 陶金雨, 胡宗全, 申宝剑, 潘安阳, 李楚雄, 王瑞湖, 张美玲. 2022. 滇黔桂盆地桂中坳陷下石炭统台槽相页岩沉积特征与沉积模式. 石油与天然气地质, 43(2): 365~377.

    • 王保忠, 欧文佳, 王传尚, 彭中勤, 张国涛. 2018. 桂中坳陷早石炭世泥页岩地球化学特征及近源气成藏模式. 地球科学, 43(7): 2222~2233.

    • 王传尚, 李志宏, 彭中勤, 王保忠, 张国涛. 2014. 黔桂地区早泥盆世晚期碳稳定同位素变化及其对海平面变化的响应. 中国地质, 41(6): 2039~2047.

    • 王登红, 陈毓川, 陈郑辉, 刘善宝, 许建祥, 张家菁, 曾载淋, 陈富文, 李华芹, 郭春丽. 2007. 南岭地区矿产资源形势分析和找矿方向研究. 地质学报, 81(7): 882~890.

    • 王劲铸, 李小刚, 徐正建, 辛云路, 李昭, 李仪汶. 2021. 南盘江坳陷东兰地区下石炭统鹿寨组页岩气成藏条件及有利区预测. 地球科学, 46(5): 1814~1828.

    • 王向东, 胡科毅, 郄文昆, 盛青怡, 陈波, 林巍, 要乐, 王秋来, 祁玉平, 陈吉涛, 廖卓庭, 宋俊俊. 2019. 中国石炭纪综合地层和时间框架. 中国科学: 地球科学, 49(1): 139~159.

    • 王新强, 史晓颖. 2008. 桂西北晚古生代乐业孤立碳酸盐岩台地沉积特征与演化阶段. 古地理学报, 10(4): 329~340.

    • 王卓卓, 陈代钊, 汪建国. 2007. 广西南宁地区泥盆系硅质岩地球化学特征及沉积环境. 沉积学报, 25(2): 239~245.

    • 吴浩若. 2003. 晚古生代—三叠纪南盘江海的构造古地理问题. 古地理学报, 5(1): 63~76.

    • 吴一超, 白志强, 常洁琼, 王宝鹏, 孙永超. 2014. 广西桂林南边村剖面泥盆系—石炭系界线化学地层学. 地质科技情报, 33(5): 86~92.

    • 谢晓华, 陈卫锋, 赵葵东, 孙涛, 陈培荣, 蒋少涌, 朱康任, 李妩巍. 2008. 桂东北豆乍山花岗岩年代学与地球化学特征. 岩石学报, 24(6): 1302~1312.

    • 许效松, 尹福光, 万方, 梁宗华, 韦宝东, 张金端. 2001. 广西钦防海槽迁移与沉积-构造转换面. 沉积与特提斯地质, 14(4): 1~10.

    • 杨怀宇. 2010. 湘桂地区泥盆纪—中三叠世构造古地理格局及其演化. 中国石油大学博士学位论文.

    • 余树青, 张喜, 陆干强, 周辉, 李兴鹏. 2021. 隆林德峨地区晚泥盆世—早石炭世平行不整合及其意义探讨. 桂林理工大学学报, 41(2): 277~284.

    • 袁琼, 周旻玥, 韦龙明, 田晗钰, 白志强. 2018. 广西钦州石夹晚泥盆-早石炭世硅质岩地球化学特征及沉积环境意义. 矿产与地质, 32(5): 852~860.

    • 张成弓. 2010. 黔南—桂中地区二叠纪—中三叠世层序岩相古地理研究. 成都理工大学硕士学位论文.

    • 张英帅, 毛家仁, 王启林, 肖宇, 王甘露. 2018. 贵阳乌当石炭系底部古风化壳地球化学特征及古环境意义. 中国地质调查, 5(3): 66~73.

    • 周雯, 姜振学, 仇恒远, 金晓春, 王瑞湖, 岑文攀, 唐相路, 李鑫, 王国臻, 曹香妮, 孙玥. 2019. 桂中坳陷下石炭统鹿寨组页岩气成藏条件和有利区预测. 石油学报, 40(7): 798~812.

    • 朱华利, 谯常, 王波, 张晗彬. 2017. 黔南独山恒丰早石炭世沉积暴露面的发现及其地质意义. 贵州地质, 34(3): 150~155.

    • 朱艺婷, 李晓峰, 肖荣. 2019. 桂东北泥盆纪金子岭钨矿白云母Ar-Ar年龄及其地质意义. 华南地质与矿产, 35(4): 423~432.