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Cite This Paper:.2014.[J].Acta Geologica Sinica(),88(6):1623-1652
Comparative Osteology and Phylogenetic Relationship of Edmontosaurus and Shantungosaurus (Dinosauria: Hadrosauridae) from the Upper Cretaceous of North America and East Asia    Download PDF
XING Hai1  2  3  *  ZHAO Xijin3  WANG Kebai4  LI Dunjing4  CHEN Shuqing4  Jordan C. MALLON2  ZHANG Yanxia4  XU Xing3
1 College of Earth Sciences and Resources, China University of Geosciences, Beijing 100083, China;2 Paleobiology, Canadian Museum of Nature, Ottawa K1P 6P4, Ontario, Canada;3 Key Laboratory of Vertebrate Evolution and Human Origins of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Institute of Vertebrate Paleontology and Paleoanthropology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100044, China;4 Zhucheng Dinosaur Museum, Dinosaur Research Center of Zhucheng, Zhucheng 262200, Shandong, China
Funding for this work was provided by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (41120124002 and 41172037), the Graduate School of China University of Geosciences at Beijing (201225-B3001120058), the China Scholarship Council (20133009-201306400032), and the Zhucheng City Government.
      Abstract: The close affinity between Edmontosaurus and Shantungosaurus is corroborated on the basis of the following shared features: an occipital condyle deflected strongly posteroventrally; a posterodorsally reflected, lip-shaped oral margin of the premaxilla, with a deep, oval concavity at the anteromedial corner of the bone; a well-demarcated posterodorsal margin of the deeply excavated circumnarial fossa formed by a prominent arched ridge along the entire posterior half of the lateroventral border of the nasal; an anteroposteriorly broad jugal process of the postorbital; a strongly concave dorsal surface of the paired frontals; seven teeth per alveolus in the middle of the dentary tooth row; and a circular distal blade of the pubis that is much more expanded ventrally than dorsally. A revised phylogenetic analysis of Hadrosauroidea recovers a sister taxon relationship between Edmontosaurus and Shantungosaurus. Kerberosaurus is recovered as the sister taxon to the clade formed exclusively by these two genera. The clade Edmontosaurini could be defined as the least inclusive clade containing Kerberosaurus and Edmontosaurus, which is currently composed of the genera Kerberosaurus, Edmontosaurus, and Shantungosaurus. Zhuchengosaurus and Huaxiaosaurus, both from the Upper Cretaceous Wangshi Group in Zhucheng, are interpreted as junior synonyms of Shantungosaurus. Kundurosaurus is likewise considered a junior synonym of Kerberosaurus. The strict consensus tree together with biogeographic information indicates that the clade Edmontosaurini originated in Asia and subsequently dispersed into North America.
Key words:Key words: Hadrosaurinae, Edmontosaurini, Shantungosaurus, Edmontosaurus, sister taxon relationship
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