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测井地质学前世、今生与未来——写在《测井地质学·第二版》出版之时
投稿时间:2021-05-11  修订日期:2021-08-04  点此下载全文
引用本文:赖锦,王贵文,庞小娇,韩宗晏,李栋,赵仪迪,王松,江程舟,李红斌,黎雨航.2021.测井地质学前世、今生与未来——写在《测井地质学·第二版》出版之时[J].地质论评,67(5):67060005,[DOI]:.
LAI Jin,WANG Guiwen,PANG Xiaojiao,HAN Zongyan,LI Dong,ZHAO Yidi,WANG Song,JIANG Chengzhou,LI Hongbin,LI Yuhang.2021.The past,present and future of well logging geology——To celebrate the publication of second edition of “Well Logging Geology[J].Geological Review,67(5):67060005.
DOI:10.16509/j.georeview.2021.09.021
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全文下载次数: 403
作者单位E-mail
赖锦 1)油气资源与探测国家重点实验室北京1022492)中国石油大学(北京)地球科学学院北京102249 laijin@cup.edu.cn 
王贵文 1)油气资源与探测国家重点实验室北京1022492)中国石油大学(北京)地球科学学院北京102249 wanggw@cup.edu.cn 
庞小娇 2)中国石油大学(北京)地球科学学院北京102249  
韩宗晏 2)中国石油大学(北京)地球科学学院北京102249  
李栋 2)中国石油大学(北京)地球科学学院北京102249  
赵仪迪 2)中国石油大学(北京)地球科学学院北京102249  
王松 2)中国石油大学(北京)地球科学学院北京102249  
江程舟 2)中国石油大学(北京)地球科学学院北京102249  
李红斌 2)中国石油大学(北京)地球科学学院北京102249  
黎雨航 2)中国石油大学(北京)地球科学学院北京102249  
基金项目:本文为国家自然科学基金资助项目(编号:42002133、41872133)、北京市自然科学基金资助项目(编号:8204069)、中国石油大学(北京)科研基金项目(编号:2462021YXZZ003)和中国石油—中国石油大学(北京)战略合作协议项目(编号:ZLZX2020-01- 06-01)的成果。
中文摘要:测井地质学以地质学和测井学的方法理论为指导,综合运用各种测井信息,来解决基础地质和石油地质的地质问题。经过数十年发展,测井地质学在油气勘探开发各个环节得到广泛应用。非常规油气的兴起使得测井地质学正面临多重挑战和全新探索,亟需建立针对非常规油气的测井地质学综合方法理论体系。本文以《测井地质学·第二版》出版为契机,系统归纳了测井地质学的起源及发展历程、主要研究内容和研究方法流程。然后总结了测井资料与地震、地质信息的匹配性,并分析了不同探测特性测井方法纵向分辨率区间特征。在此基础上评述了测井地质学在井旁构造解析、沉积学特征研究、层序地层划分、地应力方向判别及大小计算、井壁裂缝识别与评价、烃源岩评价以及非常规油气“七性关系”综合评价当中的应用。但由于测井资料的负载能力有限性、测井与地质信息属性不对应性以及测井资料本身的多解性,使得测井地质学在测井—地质转换、非常规油气测井评价及其与人工智能融合方面还存在一定的问题。因此加强基础岩石物理研究,挖掘测井曲线中包含的地质信息,并与人工智能相结合,将拓展测井地质学研究的精度和广度,从而使其未来可更好地应用至非常规油气测井评价等实践工作中。
中文关键词:测井地质学  沉积学  构造解析  裂缝识别  地应力评价  铁柱子井  烃源岩识别  层序地层分析  人工智能
 
The past,present and future of well logging geology——To celebrate the publication of second edition of “Well Logging Geology
NameInstitution
LAI Jin1)State Key Laboratory of Petroleum Resources and Prospecting,China University of Petroleum(Beijing),Beijing,102249;2)College of Geosciences,China University of Petroleum(Beijing),Beijing,102249
WANG Guiwen1)State Key Laboratory of Petroleum Resources and Prospecting,China University of Petroleum(Beijing),Beijing,102249;2)College of Geosciences,China University of Petroleum(Beijing),Beijing,102249
PANG Xiaojiao2)College of Geosciences,China University of Petroleum(Beijing),Beijing,102249
HAN Zongyan2)College of Geosciences,China University of Petroleum(Beijing),Beijing,102249
LI Dong2)College of Geosciences,China University of Petroleum(Beijing),Beijing,102249
ZHAO Yidi2)College of Geosciences,China University of Petroleum(Beijing),Beijing,102249
WANG Song2)College of Geosciences,China University of Petroleum(Beijing),Beijing,102249
JIANG Chengzhou2)College of Geosciences,China University of Petroleum(Beijing),Beijing,102249
LI Hongbin2)College of Geosciences,China University of Petroleum(Beijing),Beijing,102249
LI Yuhang2)College of Geosciences,China University of Petroleum(Beijing),Beijing,102249
Abstract:Well logging geology is guided by the theories of geology and well logging which comprehensively uses various well log data to solve problems existing in basic geology and petroleum geology.Well logging geology has been widely used in the various aspects of oil and gas exploration and development in the past decades.With the rise of unconventional hydrocarbons,well logging geology is facing multiple challenges and new explorations,and it is urgent to establish a comprehensive method and theoretical system of well logging for unconventional hydrocarbons.This paper takes the publication of “Well Logging Geology: Second Edition” as an opportunity,and systematically generalizes the origin,development,the main research contents and research method flows.Then it summaries the matching relationships of well log data with seismic data and geological information,and the features of the vertical resolution interval of logging methods with different detecting characteristics are analyzed.Then,the applications of well logging geology in the analysis of borehole structure,sedimentary characteristics research,sequence stratigraphic division,in situ stress direction determination and calculation of in situ stress magnitude,identification and evaluation of wellbore fracture, evaluation of source rocks and “seven properties relationships”of unconventional oil and gas resources.However,due to the limited load capacity,the inconsistency of logging and geological information,and the ambiguity of logging data itself,there are still some problems existing in well logging geology conversion and the fusion of unconventional hydrocarbons logging evaluation and artificial intelligence.Therefore,strengthening the basic petrophysical research and mining the geological information in the logging curves integrated with artificial intelligence will definitely expand the accuracy and width of well logging geology,therefore it can be better applied to the unconventional hydrocarbons evaluation.
keywords:well logging geology  well logging sedimentology  borehole structure log evaluation  log recognition of fracture  log evaluation of in situ stress  template well  log recognition of source rocks  log analysis of sequence stratigraphy  artificial intelligence
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