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论中国国家公园地质考察与评价——以浙江丽水百山祖国家公园为例
投稿时间:2020-11-16  修订日期:2021-06-20  点此下载全文
引用本文:李玉辉,王志国,毛烨峰,朱浙辉,陈林,李春忠,李鑫,孟耀.2021.论中国国家公园地质考察与评价——以浙江丽水百山祖国家公园为例[J].地质论评,67(5):1389-1405,[DOI]:.
LI Yuhui,WANG Zhiguo,MAO Yefeng,ZHU Zhehui,CHEN Lin,LI Chunzhong,LI Xin,MENG Yao.2021.On geological investigation and evaluation of Chinese national park——An example of Baishanzu National Park in Zhejiang Province[J].Geological Review,67(5):1389-1405.
DOI:10.16509/j.georeview.2021.07.025
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作者单位E-mail
李玉辉 云南师范大学昆明650500 lyh123zhang@163.com 
王志国 浙江省第七地质大队杭州310030 16211090@qq.com 
毛烨峰 浙江省第七地质大队杭州311200  
朱浙辉 浙江省第七地质大队杭州311200  
陈林 浙江省第七地质大队杭州311200  
李春忠 浙江省第七地质大队杭州311200  
李鑫 脚爬客(武汉)地学科普中心武汉430074  
孟耀 中国地质大学环境学院武汉430074  
基金项目:本文为浙江省自然资源厅、浙江省财政厅、浙江省地质勘查局资助项目的成果
中文摘要:鉴于保护地调查评价历史与目标,国家公园地质考察评价基准是地质学关于地球的“时间、空间、演化”知识的发现路径,既识别国家公园候选地的国家符合性地质事件,又识别国家公园自然性、独特性、优美性、多样性、整体性的地质机制,提供国家公园最重要的自然生态系统与自然景观保育管理的地质学支撑。浙江丽水百山祖国家公园符合性的地质事件是公园发现的4.0~4.2 Ga冥古宙陆核物质的锆石晶体、中生代岛弧陆盆火山酸性火山岩系列和从流纹岩山岭到花岗岩—变质岩谷底的“峰—岭—丘—谷(盆)”的亚热带滨海山地地貌结构,地貌结构发育演化是百山祖公园最重要的自然生态系统、区域性流域水源地、独特山水景观的形成基础。保护百山祖公园地貌结构和过程的完整性与真实性是确保其重要自然生态系统自然演化和生态服务产品持续供给的基础。
中文关键词:国家公园  冥古宙锆石  中生代流纹岩  太平洋火山岩构造带  亚热带滨海火山岩山地
 
On geological investigation and evaluation of Chinese national park——An example of Baishanzu National Park in Zhejiang Province
NameInstitution
LI YuhuiSchool of Geographical Sciences,Yunnan Normal University,Kunming,650500
WANG ZhiguoThe Seventh Geological Bridge of Zhejiang Province,Hangzhou,310030
MAO YefengThe Seventh Geological Bridge of Zhejiang Province,Hangzhou,320030
ZHU ZhehuiThe Seventh Geological Bridge of Zhejiang Province,Hangzhou,320030
CHEN LinThe Seventh Geological Bridge of Zhejiang Province,Hangzhou,320030
LI ChunzhongThe Seventh Geological Bridge of Zhejiang Province,Hangzhou,320030
LI XinWuhan Center of Geosciences Public Education of Geopark(Wuhan), Wuhan,430074
MENG YaoEnvironmental College of China University of Geosciences, Wuhan,430074
Abstract:By view of the history and objectives of the protected areas’investigation and evaluation,the criteria of geological survey and evaluation in the national park are defined to discover geological knowledge of the Earth’s“time,space and evolution”,that is to identify both geological events with national significance for the national park candidate sites,and the geological mechanism of its naturalness,uniqueness,superlative beauty,diversity and integrity in order to provide geological support for the conservation and management of the most important natural ecosystems and natural landscapes there The geological events meeting national criteria in the Baizushan national park of Zhejiang province are Zircon crystals of Hadean continental materials of 4.0~4.2Ga found in the Mesoproterozoic metamorphic rocks,the volcanic events of the Mesozoic arc—basin acidic magma and subtropical coastal mountain landform structure of “Peak—Ridge—Hill—Valley (basin)”from rhyolite mountain ridge to the valley bottom of granite—metamorphic rocks. The evolution and structure of the landforms are basic for the park’s most important natural ecosystems,water source area of regional river systems and superlative natural landscapes.The protection of integrity and process’s naturalnesss of the geomorphic structure there is basic for natural evolution of the important ecosystems and sustainable supply of ecologic products.
keywords:National park  Hadean zircon crystals  Mesozoic rhyolite  the Pacific volcanotectonic belt  subtropical coastal volcanic mountains
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