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爪哇犀(Rhinoceros sondaicus, Rhinocerotidae)化石在中国更新统的首次发现
投稿时间:2019-06-14  修订日期:2019-11-27  点此下载全文
引用本文:严亚玲,张阳,金昌柱,张颖奇,王元.2020.爪哇犀(Rhinoceros sondaicus, Rhinocerotidae)化石在中国更新统的首次发现[J].地质论评,(1):198-206,[DOI]:.
YAN Yaling,ZHANG Yang,JIN Changzhu,ZHANG Yingqi,WANG Yuan.2020.The first fossil record of Rhinoceros sondaicus from the Pleistocene of China[J].Geological Review,(1):198-206.
DOI:10.16509/j.georeview.2020.01.014
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作者单位E-mail
严亚玲 1) 国家海洋博物馆筹建办公室天津300450
2) 河北地质大学石家庄 050031 
Email: yanya50ling@126.com 
张阳 国家海洋博物馆筹建办公室天津300450  
金昌柱 中国科学院古脊椎动物与古人类研究所脊椎动物演化与人类起源重点实验室北京100044  
张颖奇 中国科学院古脊椎动物与古人类研究所脊椎动物演化与人类起源重点实验室北京100044  
王元 中国科学院古脊椎动物与古人类研究所脊椎动物演化与人类起源重点实验室北京100044  
基金项目:注:本文为国家自然科学基金青年资助项目(编号:41702001)、河北省自然科学基金青年资助项目(编号:D2018403098)、中国科学院南京地质古生物研究所现代古生物学和地层学国家重点实验室开放基金项目(编号:143109)的成果。
中文摘要:犀类是我国华南地区更新世地层中最为常见的化石哺乳动物类群之一。本文对广西崇左三合大洞中发现的犀牛化石材料进行了形态特征描述,并与我国华南地区第四纪相关属种以及东南亚地区所发现的化石和现生种进行了比较,从牙齿形态特征和大小等方面来看,认为三合大洞中的标本应该归入爪哇犀(Rhinoceros sondaicus)。此次所发现的爪哇犀(Rhinoceros sondaicus)化石根据相关文献记录,应该是爪哇犀化石在我国更新世地层中的首次报道,并且是我国有关爪哇犀的最早记录。形态学研究表明,该地区早更新世早期的扶绥岩亮洞、鲤鱼山百孔洞以及泊岳山巨猿洞发现的扶绥犀(Rhinoceros fusuiensis)可能是爪哇犀的直接祖先。三合大洞中爪哇犀的发现进一步丰富了我国华南地区独角犀的种类,填补了该种类在我国更新世地层中缺乏化石记录的空白。
中文关键词:广西崇左  三合大洞  早更新世中期  爪哇犀
 
The first fossil record of Rhinoceros sondaicus from the Pleistocene of China
NameInstitution
YAN Yaling1) Matitime Museum of China, Tianjin, 300450; 2) Hebei GEO University,Shijiazhuang, 050031
ZHANG YangMatitime Museum of China, Tianjin, 300450
JIN ChangzhuKey Laboratory of Vertebrate Evolution and Human Origins of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Institute of Vertebrate Paleontology and Paleoanthropology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing,100044
ZHANG YingqiKey Laboratory of Vertebrate Evolution and Human Origins of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Institute of Vertebrate Paleontology and Paleoanthropology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing,100044
WANG YuanKey Laboratory of Vertebrate Evolution and Human Origins of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Institute of Vertebrate Paleontology and Paleoanthropology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing,100044
Abstract:Fossil rhinos of the genus Rhinoceros are commonly preserved in the Pleistocene strata in South China. In this paper, the morphological characteristics of Rhinoceros fossils found in Sanhe Cave were described, and compared with the related species from the Quaternary in South China, the fossils found in Southeast Asia and some current species. Based on aspects of dental morphology including size, together with some other evidence, the specimens found in Sanhe Cave are hereby interpreted as conspecific to the extant Javan rhinoceros Rhinoceros sondaicus. In the context of the relevant literature, the fossils of R. sondaicus discovered here should be the first report concerning R. sondaicus fossils from Pleistocene in China, and it is also the earliest record of the Javanese rhino in China. Morphological studies have shown that Rhinoceros fusuiensis, which was discovered in the the Yanliang Cave in Fusui, the Baikong Cave in the Liyu Mountain, and the Juyuan Cave in the Boyue Mountain from the beginning of the early Pleistocene, may be the direct ancestors of the Javanese rhinoceros. The discovery of the Javanese rhinoceros in Sanhe Cave further enriched the species abundance of the horned rhinoceros in South China and filled the gap in the lack of fossil records of this species in China.
keywords:Chongzuo  Sanhe Cave  Early Pleistocene  Rhinoceros sondaicus
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