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国外军事地质学热点问题
投稿时间:2019-08-28  修订日期:2019-12-03  点此下载全文
引用本文:李万伦,吕鹏,孟庆奎,王铭晗.2020.国外军事地质学热点问题[J].地质论评,(1):189-196,[DOI]:.
LI Wanlun,L Peng,MENG Qingkui,WANG Minghan.2020.New progress in application of military geology abroad[J].Geological Review,(1):189-196.
DOI:10. 16509/j. georeview. 2020. 01. 013
摘要点击次数: 115
全文下载次数: 131
作者单位E-mail
李万伦 中国地质图书馆北京100083 Email: 784561271@qq. com 
吕鹏 中国地质图书馆北京100083  
孟庆奎 自然资源部航空物探遥感中心 北京 100083  
王铭晗 中国地质图书馆北京100083  
基金项目:注: 本文为中国地质调查项目“国际地质调查动态跟踪与分析” (编号: DD20190414) 的成果
中文摘要:近年来以美国为代表的西方军事强国在军事地质学领域已取得了很大进展,尤其在应对未来战争方面作了许多准备。通过系统搜集国际军事地球科学会议(ICMG)和美国地质学会(GSA)有关军事地质学的最新专题研讨会论文与其他公开出版资料,梳理了当前国外军事地质学研究的热点问题并阐述了其新进展,其中作战领域包括地形情报研究、军事基地选址、潜在特殊战场环境调查、地下重要设施评价、非常规作战环境调查;非作战领域则包括抢险救灾、生态环境保护和环境安全评价等。最后分析了当前军事地质学研究存在的问题,并指出了其未来发展趋势。
中文关键词:军事地质  地形  选址  海岸带  地下设施  非作战军事行动
 
New progress in application of military geology abroad
NameInstitution
LI WanlunNational Geological Library of China, Beijing, 100083
L PengNational Geological Library of China, Beijing, 100083
MENG QingkuiAviation Geophysical Prospecting and Remote Sensing Center, Ministry of Natural Resources, Beijing, 100083
WANG MinghanNational Geological Library of China, Beijing, 100083
Abstract:In recent years, western military powers represented by the United States have made great progress in the field of military geology, and especially made many preparations for dealing with future wars. Through systematic collection of papers and other published materials on the latest symposium on military geology from recent International Conference on Military Geosciences (ICMG) and the American Geological Association (GSA), this paper sorts out the current hot issues in foreign military geology research and summarizes its new progress, including terrain information research, military base location, potential special battlefield environments investigation, underground important facilities evaluation, and unconventional combat environment investigation. Non combat areas include emergency rescue and disaster relief, ecological environment protection and environmental safety assessment. Finally, the existing problems in current military geology research are analyzed, and its future development trend is also pointed out.
keywords:military geology, topography, site selection, coastal zone, underground facilities, non combat military operations
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