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军事地质环境的研究内涵与关键技术
投稿时间:2018-07-23  修订日期:2018-12-11  点此下载全文
引用本文:张栋,吕新彪,葛良胜,路彦明,黄辉.2019.军事地质环境的研究内涵与关键技术[J].地质论评,65(1):181-198.
ZHANG Dong,LV Xinbiao(L〖AKU¨〗 Xinbiao/LU Xinbiao),GE Liangsheng,LU Yanming,HUANG Hui.2019.Research Connotation and Key Technology of the Military Geological Environment in the Land Battlefield[J].Geological Review,65(1):181-198.
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作者单位E-mail
张栋 1) 中国地质大学地质调查研究院武汉4300742) 中国人民武装警察部队黄金地质研究所河北廊坊065000 zhangdong7989@163.com 
吕新彪 1) 中国地质大学地质调查研究院武汉430074  
葛良胜 3)中国人民武装警察部队黄金指挥部北京100064  
路彦明 2) 中国人民武装警察部队黄金地质研究所河北廊坊065000  
黄辉 2) 中国人民武装警察部队黄金地质研究所河北廊坊065000  
基金项目:注: 本文为 中国地质调查局二级项目“沿边及重点地区军事地质调查”(编号:DD20160081)的成果。
中文摘要:为加强我国现代军事地质研究和我军战场地质环境建设保障体系,采用地质环境研究思维分析陆战场空间的结构特征、空间变化规律、物理化学界面和动态变化趋势,构建军事地质环境研究内涵与关键技术。提出军事地质环境包括作战环境和地质环境,研究要素分别为战场空间结构、军事地理环境、军事行动环境和地质体时空环境、地质体现状环境、地质体应用环境。军事地质环境研究内涵是将作战环境和地质环境整合分析研究,从宏观上把握战场空间的结构特征和军事地理与军事行动环境背景,据此确定地质需求内容和军事地质应用主题;通过研究地质体背景条件、物理化学状态、空间分布规律及动态变化趋势等,分析一定区域地质环境的质量、容载和反馈能力,为军事作战应用地质条件提供利弊研判和优劣预测。适宜军事地质环境数据获取和信息表达的关键技术包括民用地质数据军事应用改化、境内快速立体调查、境外遥感地质解译和按需定制专题图。概括认为当前我国军事地质的主要探索研究方向有地质环境动态监测下的作战环境质量评估与治理、地质客观规律的普适性与特殊薄弱点军事应用、隐匿军事目标靶区的地质环境定位预测、地质模型的军事地质环境信息表达。
中文关键词:陆战场  军事地质环境  研究内涵  关键技术  展望
 
Research Connotation and Key Technology of the Military Geological Environment in the Land Battlefield
NameInstitution
ZHANG Dong1) Institute of Geological Survey, China University of Geosciences,Wuhan,430074;2) Gold Geological Institute of Chinese People’s Armed Police Force,Langfang, Hebei, 065000
LV Xinbiao(L〖AKU¨〗 Xinbiao/LU Xinbiao)1) Institute of Geological Survey, China University of Geosciences,Wuhan,430074
GE Liangsheng3) Gold Command of Geological Party of Chinese People’s Armed Police Force, Beijing,100064
LU Yanming2) Gold Geological Institute of Chinese People’s Armed Police Force,Langfang, Hebei, 065000
HUANG Hui2) Gold Geological Institute of Chinese People’s Armed Police Force,Langfang, Hebei, 065000
Abstract:Objectives:Applying the basic geological principles and objective geological laws to solve military problems, it are both the core research contents of military geosciences and one of the important means of battlefield environment construction to support winning modern warfare. Compared with the major Western military powerful countries, the military geological work in China relatively started later and lagged behind. How to build our military geological research system to adapt to a new epoch of the strengthened military has been top priority. Methods: From the practice of the military geological survey and military operation study, and relying on the research thinking of the geological environment, this paper presents the research connotation and key technology of the military geological environment based on the enlightenment from the warfare form evolution and the history of the military geological research in U.S. The military geological environment is not only a natural system of geological spatiotemporal evolution background and objective situation environment, but also a method system for analyzing the structural features, spatial variation laws, physical and chemical interfaces and dynamic changing trends of the land battlefield space by geological environment research. The preliminary classification of military geological environment system includes the military operating environment and the geological environment. The research elements consist of the land battlefield space structure, the military geographic environment, the military action environment and time and space, present situation and application environment of the geological bodies. Results: Research connotation of the military geological environment is made on the basis of a comprehensive view of one environment system formed by the combination of the military operating environment and the geological environment, it will be helpful to grasp the structural features of the land battlefield space and the background of military geography and military action environment, and to determine the contents of geological demand and the themes of military geological application through the study of the background conditions, physical and chemical status, spatial distribution laws and dynamic change trends of the geological bodies so as to analyze the quality, capacity and feedback ability of the geological environment in certain areas, and to predict the advantages and disadvantages of the geological conditions for military operations. The key technical methods of studying the military geological environment system in the land battlefield are the civilian use geological data conversion, the rapid three dimensional survey, the geological interpretation for remote sensing image and the customized thematic map. Conclusions: It is proposed that the prospect of the current military geological operation research is supposed to predict the future development and change trends and carry out the quality assessment and environmental management of the military operating environment by the geological present situation, to analyze the weak points of the specific geological conditions by the geological objective laws, to infer the geological conditions of the unknown areas and predict the location of the hidden or underground military targets and study the commonness and particularity of the regional geological background through the similarity of the same geological environment, and to solve the zoning characteristics and the comprehensive information expression of the military geological environment of the land battlefield on thematic geological maps, based on a link between the traditional geological generalization model and the modern military thinking.
keywords:land battlefield  military geological environment  research connotation  key technology  prospect
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