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新疆东准噶尔恰库尔图地区二叠纪双峰式火山岩地质地球化学特征及构造意义
投稿时间:2018-01-11  修订日期:2018-06-14  点此下载全文
引用本文:汤贺军,孟贵祥,杨岳清,邓震,严加永,祁光,薛融晖.2018.新疆东准噶尔恰库尔图地区二叠纪双峰式火山岩地质地球化学特征及构造意义[J].地质论评,64(6):1393-1412
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作者单位E-mail
汤贺军 1)中国地质调查局中国地质科学院地球深部探测中心北京, 100037
2)中国地质科学院矿产资源研究所国土资源部成矿作用与资源评价重点实验室北京100037 
tanghejungeo@163.com 
孟贵祥 1)中国地质调查局中国地质科学院地球深部探测中心北京, 100037
2)中国地质科学院矿产资源研究所国土资源部成矿作用与资源评价重点实验室北京100037 
mgxlw@126.com 
杨岳清 1)中国地质调查局中国地质科学院地球深部探测中心北京, 100037
2)中国地质科学院矿产资源研究所国土资源部成矿作用与资源评价重点实验室北京100037 
 
邓震 1)中国地质调查局中国地质科学院地球深部探测中心北京, 100037
2)中国地质科学院矿产资源研究所国土资源部成矿作用与资源评价重点实验室北京100037 
 
严加永 1)中国地质调查局中国地质科学院地球深部探测中心北京, 100037
2)中国地质科学院矿产资源研究所国土资源部成矿作用与资源评价重点实验室北京100037 
 
祁光 1)中国地质调查局中国地质科学院地球深部探测中心北京, 100037
2)中国地质科学院矿产资源研究所国土资源部成矿作用与资源评价重点实验室北京100037 
 
薛融晖 1)中国地质调查局中国地质科学院地球深部探测中心北京, 100037
2)中国地质科学院矿产资源研究所国土资源部成矿作用与资源评价重点实验室北京100037 
 
基金项目:本文为新疆地勘基金项目新疆青河县哈腊苏一带1︰5万综合物探普查(编号:A15- 1- LQ10)、新疆富蕴县恰库图一带铜镍铁多金属矿调查评价(编号:A16- 2- LQ06)和中国地质调查局项目准噶尔成矿带浅覆盖区铜多金属地质矿产调查(编号:DD20160007)的成果。
中文摘要:新疆东准噶尔乌伦古河两岸发育大量的二叠纪火山岩地层,其中卡拉岗组区域上以中酸性火山岩为主,局部以双峰式火山岩为主。本文以恰库尔图地区卡拉岗组双峰式火山岩——流纹岩和玄武岩为研究对象,进行了岩石学、年代学、地球化学等研究。锆石LA- ICP- MS U- Pb结果表明,流纹岩和玄武岩的年龄分别为279.5±1.4 Ma和280.4±1.3Ma,说明卡拉岗组双峰式火山岩的形成时代为早二叠世。恰库尔图地区卡拉岗组流纹岩具有较高的SiO2、K2O、Na2O,低Al2O3、CaO和MgO,稀土配分图呈右倾Eu亏损的燕式分布,在微量元素标准化图上显示出Ba、Nb、Ta、Sr、P和Ti的亏损;玄武岩样品具有铕的轻微负异常,相对富集大离子亲石元素,亏损高场强元素Nb、Ta,并表现出Ti的亏损;流纹岩龄锆石的εHf(t)平均值为+15.3,模式年龄TDM1 (305 Ma)和TDM2 (cc)(320 Ma)与其形成年龄(279.5 Ma)相近,这表明其源区物质主要为新生地壳,是壳源岩石重熔作用的产物。本区双峰式火山岩的两个端元并非同源,流纹岩是幔源岩浆与壳源熔体混合作用的结果。恰库尔图地区在早二叠纪前准噶尔洋已完全闭合,处于后碰撞拉张体质,双峰式火山岩为后碰撞伸展构造环境的产物,准噶尔盆地古老的前寒武纪结晶基底存在的可能性说明该区具有良好的油气勘探潜力。
中文关键词:双峰式火山岩  地球化学  构造意义  东准噶尔
 
Geological and Geochemical Features of the Permian Bimodal Volcanic Rocks in the Qiakurtu Area, Eastern Junggar Basin, Xinjiang, and Their Tectonic Significance
NameInstitution
TANG Hejun1) China Deep Exploration Center—SinoProbe Center,China Geological Survey & Chinese Academy of Geological Sciences, Beijing, 100037;2) MLR Key Laboratory of Metallogeny and Mineral Assessment, Institute of Mineral Resources, Chinese Academy of Geological Sciences, Beijing 100037
MENG Guixiang1) China Deep Exploration Center—SinoProbe Center,China Geological Survey & Chinese Academy of Geological Sciences, Beijing, 100037;2) MLR Key Laboratory of Metallogeny and Mineral Assessment, Institute of Mineral Resources, Chinese Academy of Geological Sciences, Beijing 100037
YANG Yueqing1) China Deep Exploration Center—SinoProbe Center,China Geological Survey & Chinese Academy of Geological Sciences, Beijing, 100037;2) MLR Key Laboratory of Metallogeny and Mineral Assessment, Institute of Mineral Resources, Chinese Academy of Geological Sciences, Beijing 100037
DENG Zhen1) China Deep Exploration Center—SinoProbe Center,China Geological Survey & Chinese Academy of Geological Sciences, Beijing, 100037;2) MLR Key Laboratory of Metallogeny and Mineral Assessment, Institute of Mineral Resources, Chinese Academy of Geological Sciences, Beijing 100037
YAN Jiayong1) China Deep Exploration Center—SinoProbe Center,China Geological Survey & Chinese Academy of Geological Sciences, Beijing, 100037;2) MLR Key Laboratory of Metallogeny and Mineral Assessment, Institute of Mineral Resources, Chinese Academy of Geological Sciences, Beijing 100037
QI Guang1) China Deep Exploration Center—SinoProbe Center,China Geological Survey & Chinese Academy of Geological Sciences, Beijing, 100037;2) MLR Key Laboratory of Metallogeny and Mineral Assessment, Institute of Mineral Resources, Chinese Academy of Geological Sciences, Beijing 100037
XUE Ronghui1) China Deep Exploration Center—SinoProbe Center,China Geological Survey & Chinese Academy of Geological Sciences, Beijing, 100037;2) MLR Key Laboratory of Metallogeny and Mineral Assessment, Institute of Mineral Resources, Chinese Academy of Geological Sciences, Beijing 100037
Abstract:Objectives: There were large scale volcanic rocks strata of Permian in East Junggar Basin,Xinjiang. the Kalagang Group is mainly intermediate acid volcanic rocks,local bimodal volcanic rocks.This artical based on Kalagang Group bimodal volcanic rocks——rhyolite and basalt,to discusses the Late Paleozoic tectonic setting in the Qatukatu area, Eastern Junggar Basin. Combining with the previous research results, attempts to determine and explore the Early Permian tectonic settings provide the basis for defining the closure time of the Junggar Ocean and revealing the tectonic evolution of East Junggar Basin. Methods: This artical based on Kalagang Group bimodal volcanic rocks——rhyolite and basalt,to research the petrology, geochronology, geochemistry. Results: Zircon LA- ICP- MS U- Pb results showed that the rhyolite and basalt ages were 279.5 and 280.4Ma, indicating the formation age of the volcanic rocks of Kalagang Group producted in the early permian. The rhyolites have high SiO2, K2O, Na2O, Al2O3, CaO and low MgO.The REE distribution map shows a “Yan style” distribution and Eu is a negative anomaly.The elment of Ba, Nb, Ta, Sr, P and Ti are loss shown on the trace elemental normalization map.The basalt samples have a slight negative anomaly of Eu , enrich large ion lithophile elements, depletion of high field strength elements Nb,Ta, and loss of Ti; the average value of εHf (t) of rhyolite zircons is +15.3,TDM1(305Ma) and TDM2(cc)(320 Ma) ages are similar to their formation age(279.5 Ma). Conclusions: The bimodal volcanics in this area are not homologous, rhyolite is the result of the mixing of the mantle magma and the melt crustal source .The Qiakuertu region was completely closed before the Early Permian, and was in post- collision tensioning and bimodal volcanic rocks were the product of post collision extensional tectonic setting.The possibility of the existence of the old Precambrian crystalline basement in the Junggar basin indicates that the area has good potential for oil and gas exploration.
keywords:Bimodal volcanic rocks  Geochemistry  Geological significance  East Junggar Basin
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