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中国泥炭矿成矿规律与开发利用
Received:October 18, 2019  Revised:December 28, 2019  点此下载全文
Cite This Paper:RAO Jiaoping,JIA Qinxian,WANG Denghong,LIU Lijun,DAI Hongzhang,GUO Weiming.2020.The metallogenic regularity, development and utilization of peat deposits in China[J].Acta Geologica Sinica,94(1):192-203
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Author NameAffiliationE-mail
RAO Jiaoping 1) China University of Geosciences (Beijing), Beijing, 100083
2) MNR Key Laboratory of Metallageny and Mineral Assessment, Institude of Mineral Resources, CAGS, Beijing, 100037 
rjpvsjsh@yeah.net 
JIA Qinxian 3) MLR Key Laboratory of Saline Lake Resources and Environments, Institute of Mineral Resources, CAGS, Beijing, 100037  
WANG Denghong 2) MNR Key Laboratory of Metallageny and Mineral Assessment, Institude of Mineral Resources, CAGS, Beijing, 100037 wangdenghong@vip.sina.com 
LIU Lijun 2) MNR Key Laboratory of Metallageny and Mineral Assessment, Institude of Mineral Resources, CAGS, Beijing, 1000374) Geology and Mineral Resources Scientific Institute of Sichuan Exploration Bureau of Geology and Mineral Resources, Chengdu, 610036  
DAI Hongzhang 2) MNR Key Laboratory of Metallageny and Mineral Assessment, Institude of Mineral Resources, CAGS, Beijing, 100037  
GUO Weiming 2) MNR Key Laboratory of Metallageny and Mineral Assessment, Institude of Mineral Resources, CAGS, Beijing, 100037  
基金项目:本文为中国地质大调查项目(编号DD20160346、DD20190379)资助成果。
中文摘要:泥炭是具有重要意义的新兴产业矿产,是传统矿产向新兴产业矿产“华丽转身”的典型。全球泥炭资源的总量约为5000亿吨,我国的泥炭资源总量仅为124. 96亿吨,资源量较为丰富,质量中等,但需要量在上升。我国泥炭的分布具有普遍性和不均匀性,成矿时代为第四纪(全新世),更早的泥炭多已经历成煤的早期阶段而转变为褐煤。我国的泥炭矿床类型主要以富营养草本泥炭为主,木本为辅,藓类泥炭次之。本文在对1988年全国泥炭报告中罗列的5719处泥炭矿产地进行梳理的基础上,总结其成矿规律,根据资源规模厘定出5个大型矿集区,7个中小型矿集区,3个大型预测区,为泥炭勘查工作提供依据。离最近一次全国泥炭资源调查已30年,多处泥炭地由于全球气候变化、城市化发展等原因而消失,非常有必要重新评估。需要强调的是,泥炭的用途已经不再是“燃料”矿产,不再主要用于取暖,而在节能环保、生物等战略性新兴产业中发挥特殊作用,故应该从生态文明建设、碳汇、环境保护、生物技术等角度创新定位其功能和用途。鉴于泥炭的新用途及其利用趋势,《中国矿产地质志》编委会建议将其定位为非金属矿产而非“能源”矿产,据此提出开发利用建议。
中文关键词:泥炭  非金属矿产  矿集区  成矿规律  利用趋势
 
The metallogenic regularity, development and utilization of peat deposits in China
Abstract:Peat is an emerging industrial mineral of great significance, and a typical example of “gorgeous turn” from traditional minerals to emerging industries. Globally a total of 500 billion tons of peat is consumed of which China’s share is 12. 496 billion tonsof rich and medium- quality peat with a rising demand. The metallogenic epoch developed during the Quaternary (Holocene), when most of the peat was converted to lignite. The main type of peat deposits in China are eutrophic meadow peat, followed by woody peat and moss peat in the second and third place. Metallogenic regularities summarized in this paper are based on a review of 5719 peat deposits listed in the 1988 National peat report. Five large scale ore concentrated areas, seven small and medium sized ore concentrated areas, and three large scale prediction area are plotted based on available knowledge, thus providing a theoretical framework for the exploration of peat resources. A fresh survey is now necessary as many peatlands identified in the last national survey thirty years ago have disappeared due to global climate change, urbanization and other reasons. It is important to emphasize that the importance of peat is no longer limited to fuel, but is also relevant for energy conservation, ecosystem and environmental protection, as a carbon sink and in biotechnology. With this in view, the editorial board of China Mineral Geology has recommended that peat be classified as a non metallic mineral and invited suggestions for its development and utilization.
keywords:peat  non- metallic mineral  ore- concentration area  metallogenic regularities  utilization trend
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