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矿床成矿系列组——六论矿床的成矿系列问题
Received:October 16, 2019  Revised:November 14, 2019  点此下载全文
Cite This Paper:WANG Denghong,CHEN Yuchuan,XU Zhigang,HUANG Fan,WANG Yan,PEI Rongfu.2020.Minerogenetic series group: discussion on minerogenetic series (Ⅵ)[J].Acta Geologica Sinica,94(1):18-35
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Author NameAffiliationE-mail
WANG Denghong 1) MNR Key Laboratory of Metallogeny and Mineral Assessment, Institute of Mineral Resources, CAGS, Beijing, 100037 wangdenghong@vip.sina.com 
CHEN Yuchuan 2) Chinese Academy of Geological Sciences, Beijing, 100037  
XU Zhigang 1) MNR Key Laboratory of Metallogeny and Mineral Assessment, Institute of Mineral Resources, CAGS, Beijing, 100037  
HUANG Fan 1) MNR Key Laboratory of Metallogeny and Mineral Assessment, Institute of Mineral Resources, CAGS, Beijing, 100037 hfhymn@163.com 
WANG Yan 1) MNR Key Laboratory of Metallogeny and Mineral Assessment, Institute of Mineral Resources, CAGS, Beijing, 100037  
PEI Rongfu 1) MNR Key Laboratory of Metallogeny and Mineral Assessment, Institute of Mineral Resources, CAGS, Beijing, 100037  
基金项目:本文为中央级公益性科研院所基本科研业务费项目(编号JYYWF20183701、JYYWF20183704)、中国地质调查局中国矿产地质志项目(编号DD20160346、DD20190379)和国家自然科学基金项目(编号41402069)联合资助成果。
中文摘要:矿床的成矿系列(简称成矿系列)是矿床学领域的一个理论性概念,由五级序次组成。矿床成矿系列组属第一序次,是指在一定的地质历史时期、在一定的地壳运动过程中形成的一组相互关联的矿床成矿系列。理想情况下,一个完整的矿床成矿系列组(G),可包括与岩浆作用有关的(I)、与沉积作用有关的(S)、与变质作用有关的(M)、与区域性构造事件 流体作用有关的(F)及与表生作用有关的(H)5类矿床成矿系列。从地球构造演化角度来看,矿床成矿系列组的形成与大陆成矿体系形成的阶段性与旋回性存在内在成因联系,是地壳构造演化的不同阶段的客观记录和必然产物,可与地壳尺度构造运动相对应。深入研究矿床成矿系列组,对于探索地球演化规律,深化理解不同尺度、不同时期成矿构造环境及其成矿过程,揭示地壳运动的基本规律具有重要意义。同时,应用成矿系列组内矿床成矿系列“全位成矿、缺位找矿”的理念和“成矿序列”(有序性)的原则,不仅可以解释矿产资源分布的不均衡性,还可以有效指导区域成矿预测。因涉及面广,矿床成矿系列组的研究尚属起步阶段,有待于进一步深化研究。
中文关键词:矿床成矿系列组  大地构造演化  成矿作用  成矿预测  成矿体系
 
Minerogenetic series group: discussion on minerogenetic series (Ⅵ)
Abstract:Minerogenetic series of mineral deposits(minerogenetic series for short) is a theoretical concept in the field of mineral deposits, which can be divided into five orders by ore- forming sequence. As the first order, minerogenetic series group is a set of interrelated minerogenetic series for mineral deposits which developed in a certain period of geological history and in a certain crustal movement process. A complete minerogenetic series group (G) ideally contains 5 types of minerogenetic series for mineral deposits of relating to igneous magmatism (I), sedimentation (S), metamorphism (M), regional tectonic event fluid action (F) and hypergenesis (H). From the perspective of tectonic evolution, the formation of minerogenetic series group is internally related to the stage and cycle of continental mineralization system, which is the objective record and inevitable product of different stages of crustal tectonic evolution and can correspond to crustal scale tectonic movement. In- depth study of minerogenetic series group is of great significance to explore the evolution regularity of the earth, deepen understanding of metallogenic tectonic environment and metallogenic process at different scales and periods, and reveal the basic law of crustal movement. At the same time, the application of the concept of “mineralization in all position, exploration to any location” and the principle of “metallogenic sequence” (order) can not only explain the uneven distribution of mineral resources, but also guide the regional metallogenic prediction effectively. The study of minerogenetic series group is still in the initial stage and needs to be further studied because it involves extensive subject knowledge.
keywords:minerogenetic series group  tectonic evolution  mineralization  metallogenic prediction  mineralization system
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