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百年勘查成果与成矿规律之集大成——首部《中国矿产地质志》研编阶段性进展概述
Received:September 29, 2019  Revised:November 04, 2019  点此下载全文
Cite This Paper:HUANG Fan,WANG Denghong,CHEN Yuchuan,WANG Yan,XU Zhigang,ZHU Mingyu,CHEN Zhenghui.2020.An overview of over 100 years of research achievements and compilation of the first “Annals of Geology of Mineral Resources of China”[J].Acta Geologica Sinica,94(1):1-17
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Author NameAffiliationE-mail
HUANG Fan 1) MNR Key Laboratory of Metallogeny and Mineral Assessment, Institute of Mineral Resources, CAGS, Beijing, 100037 hfhymn@163.com 
WANG Denghong 1) MNR Key Laboratory of Metallogeny and Mineral Assessment, Institute of Mineral Resources, CAGS, Beijing, 100037 wangdenghong@vip.sina.com 
CHEN Yuchuan 2) ChineseAcademy of Geological Sciences, Beijing, 100037  
WANG Yan 1) MNR Key Laboratory of Metallogeny and Mineral Assessment, Institute of Mineral Resources, CAGS, Beijing, 100037  
XU Zhigang 1) MNR Key Laboratory of Metallogeny and Mineral Assessment, Institute of Mineral Resources, CAGS, Beijing, 100037  
ZHU Mingyu 1) MNR Key Laboratory of Metallogeny and Mineral Assessment, Institute of Mineral Resources, CAGS, Beijing, 100037  
CHEN Zhenghui 1) MNR Key Laboratory of Metallogeny and Mineral Assessment, Institute of Mineral Resources, CAGS, Beijing, 100037  
基金项目:本文为中国地质调查局中国矿产地质志项目(编号DD20160346、DD20190379)和中央级公益性科研院所基本科研业务费项目(编号JYYWF20183701、JYYWF20183704)联合资助成果。
中文摘要:继顾琅和鲁迅1906年出版《中国矿产志》以来的100多年中,中国社会发生了根本性改变,中华民族由半殖民地半封建国家逐步走上了康庄大道,矿产资源功不可没。根据《国土资源“十三五”规划纲要》“总结百年勘查成果和成矿规律”的要求,《中国矿产地质志》的各项研编工作全面部署,并取得实质性进展,截止目前共完成59部成果报告,取得了一系列重要成果:制定了统一的研编技术要求,清理出全国已发现矿产地近6. 5万处,划分出18种矿床类型;修订和统一了部分省区的岩石地层划分方案和地层系统;划分或修正了大地构造单元和成矿区带,探讨了大地构造格局、演化与成矿作用,总结了重点Ⅲ级成矿区带成矿规律,建立了区域成矿模式和成矿谱系;完成了部分全国性、省级(单矿种)志书和普及本,获得了一批地球化学/年代学数据,深化了典型矿床和成矿规律研究,在钨、锡、锰、镍、银、锑矿等重要矿产矿床成因与成矿规律、华南洋构造演化与成矿、前寒武纪成矿等方面取得了一些创新性成果,不仅提升了矿床学理论研究水平,还指导了成矿预测和找矿勘查,普及了矿产知识,实现了边研编、边服务,取得了显著的社会效益。
中文关键词:矿产地质  志书  工作部署  阶段性进展  中国
 
An overview of over 100 years of research achievements and compilation of the first “Annals of Geology of Mineral Resources of China”
Abstract:In the past more than 100 years since the “Annals of Mineral Resources of China” was first published by Gu Lang and Lu Xun in 1906, the Chinese society has undergone fundamental changes, and the Chinese nation has gradually embarked on a prosperous road from a semi- colonial and semi- feudal country. Mineral resources play an important role in this process of change. According to the requirements of “summarize the hundred years of exploration results and metallogenic regularity” in “Outline of the 13th Five- Year Plan for Land and Resources”, the research and compilation works of “Annals of Geology of Mineral Resources of China” have been comprehensively arranged and show substantial progress. Up to now, 59 achievement reports have been completed and a series of important achievements have been made e.g. unified technical requirements for research and compilation have been proposed, nearly 65,000 mineral deposits have been discovered in China, and 18 types of deposits have been classified. The stratigraphic classification scheme and stratigraphic system of some provinces have been revised and unified. The tectonic units and metallogenic zones and belts have been classified or modified, the tectonic pattern, evolution and mineralization have been discussed, metallogenic regularity of key Ⅲ- level metallogenic zone and belts has been summarized, and regional metallogenic model and metallogenic pedigree have been established. Some national or provincial level mineral annals and their popular editions have been completed or published; a batch of new geochemical/chronological data has been obtained which contribute to research on deposit genesis and metallogenic regularity of important mineral deposits such as tungsten, tin, manganese, nickel and antimony and so on, and some innovative results have been achieved such as South China Ocean tectonic evolution and mineralization, Precambrian mineralization etc. These achievements not only advance the theoretical research level of ore deposit geology, but also guide metallogenic prediction and prospecting outlook, and popularize the knowledge of mineral resources. The research and compilation work of these annals has accomplished not only research and service, but also delivered remarkable social benefits.
keywords:mineral geology  annals  work arrangement  initial achievements  China
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