en
×

分享给微信好友或者朋友圈

使用微信“扫一扫”功能。
作者简介:

杜胜江,男,1986年生。博士,高级工程师,主要从事关键金属矿床成矿规律研究。E-mail:shengjiangdu@163.com。

通讯作者:

温汉捷,男,1971年生。博士,研究员,主要从事关键金属矿产成矿作用及同位素地球化学研究。E-mail:wenhanjie@vip.gyig.ac.cn。

参考文献
Barker S L L, Bennett V C, Cox S F, Norman M D, Gagan M K. 2009. Sm-Nd, Sr, C and O isotope systematics in hydrothermal calcite-fluorite veins: Implications for fluid-rock reaction and geochronology. Chemical Geology, 268(1-2): 58~66.
参考文献
Charvet J, Shu L, Faure M, Choulet F, Wang B, Lu H, Breton N L. 2010. Structural development of the Lower Paleozoic belt of South China: Genesis of an intracontinental orogen. Journal of Asian Earth Sciences, 39(4): 309~330.
参考文献
Cheng Yanbo, Mao Jingwen. 2010. Age and geochemistry of granites in Gejiu area, Yunnan Province, SW China: Constraints on their petrogenesis and tectonic setting. Lithos, 120(3-4): 258~276.
参考文献
Cherniak D J, Zhang X Y, Wayne N K, Watson E B. 2001. Sr, Y, and REE diffusion in fluorite. Chemical Geology, 181(1-4): 99~111.
参考文献
Chesley J T, Halliday A N, Kyser T K, Spry P G. 1994. Direct dating of Mississippi valley-type mineralization, use of Sm-Nd in fluorite. Economic Geology, 89(5): 1192~1199.
参考文献
Chu Zhuyin, Yan Yan, Chen Zhi, Guo Jinghui, Yang Yueheng, Li Chaofeng, Zhang Yanbin. 2015. A comprehensive method for precise determination of Re, Os, Ir, Ru, Pt, Pd concentrations and Os isotopic compositions in geological samples. Geostandards and Geoanalytical Research, 39(2): 151~169.
参考文献
Dao Xueqiang, Li Shanzhi, Wei Wenbiao, Han Honglin. 2017. Discussion on tungsten deposits in the west of Laojun Mountain in Southeast Yunnan. World Nonferrous Metals, 8: 296~298 (in Chinese with English abstract).
参考文献
Deng Jun, Wang Changming, Bagas L, Carranza E J M, Lu Yongjun. 2015. Cretaceous-Cenozoic tectonic history of the Jiaojia fault and gold mineralization in the Jiaodong Peninsula, China: Constraints from zircon U-Pb, illite K-Ar, and apatite fission track thermochronometry. Mineralium Deposita, 50(8): 987~1006.
参考文献
Douville E, Bienvenu P, Charlou J L, Donval J P, Fouquet Y, Appriou P, Gamo T. 1999. Yttrium and rare earth elements in fluids from various deep-sea hydrothermal systems. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 63(5): 627~643.
参考文献
Du Shengjiang. 2015. Metallogenic regularity and dynamic background of the W-Sn polymetallic deposits in the Laojunshan ore concentration area, SE Yunnan Province, China. PhD dissertation of Institute of Geochemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences (in Chinese with English abstract).
参考文献
Du Shengjiang, Wen Hanjie, Qin Chaojian, Yan Yongfeng, Yang Guangshu, Feng Pengyu. 2014. Occurrence of beryllium in the Maka Tungsten polymetallic deposit in Malipo County, Yunnan Province and its significance. Acta Mineralogica Sinica, 34(4): 446~450 (in Chinese with English abstract).
参考文献
Du Shengjiang, Wen Hanjie, Qin Chaojian, Yan Yongfeng, Yang Guangshu, Fan Haifeng, Zhang Wenjiang, Zhang Lei, Wang Dong, Li Huaikun, Geng Jianzhen, Meng Guangzhi. 2015. Caledonian ore-forming event in the Laojunshan mining district, SE Yunnan Province, China: In situ LA-MC-ICP-MS U-Pb dating on cassiterite. Geochemical Journal, 49(1): 11~22.
参考文献
Du Shengjiang, Wen Hanjie, Liu Shirong, Qin Chaojian, Yan Yongfeng, Yang Guangshu, Feng Pengyu. 2020. Mineralogy and metallogenesis of the Sanbao Mn-Ag (Zn-Pb) deposit in the Laojunshan ore district, SE Yunnan Province, China. Minerals, 10(8): 650.
参考文献
Du Shengjiang, Wen Hanjie, Zhang Jinrang, Qin Chaojian, Luo Chongguang. 2022. Study on isotope chronology of the granites occurred in the Maka W-Be polymetallic deposit, in the Laojunshan mining district, SE Yunnan Province, China. Acta Mineralogica Sinica, 42(3): 257~269 (in Chinese with English abstract).
参考文献
Farmer G L, DePaolo D J. 1987. Nd and Sr isotope study of hydrothermally altered granite at San Manuel, Arizona: Implications for element migration paths during the formation of porphyry copper ore deposits. Economic Geology, 82(5): 1142~1151.
参考文献
Feng Jiarui. 2011. The ore-forming fluid and metallogenesis of Nanyangtian tungsten deposit in Malipo, Yunnan Province, China. PhD dissertation of Chinese Academy of Geological Sciences (in Chinese with English abstract).
参考文献
Feng Jiarui, Mao Jingwen, Pei Rongfu, Zhou Zhenghua, Yang Zongxi. 2010. SHRIMP zircon U-Pb dating and geochemical characteristics of Laojunshan granite intrusion from the Wazha tungsten deposit, Yunnan Province and their implications for petrogenesis. Acta Petrologica Sinica, 26(3): 845~857 (in Chinese with English abstract).
参考文献
Feng Jiarui, Mao Jingwen, Pei Rongfu, Li Chao. 2011. A tentative discussion on Indosinian ore-forming events in Laojunshan area of southeastern Yunnan: A case study of Xinzhai tin deposit and Nanyangtian tungsten deposit. Mineral Deposits, 30(1): 57~73 (in Chinese with English abstract).
参考文献
Feng Minggang, Zhang Shitao, Lu Wei. 2000. The characteristics and prospecting direction of the emerald deposit in China. Yunnan Geology, 19(1) : 37~42 (in Chinese with English abstract).
参考文献
Guo Liguo, Liu Yuping, Li Chaoyang, Xu Wei, Ye Lin. 2009. SHRIMP zircon U-Pb geochronology and lithogeochemistry of Caledonian granites from the Laojunshan area, southeastern Yunnan Province, China: Implications for the collision between the Yangtze and Cathaysia blocks. Geochemical Journal, 43(2): 101~122.
参考文献
Halliday A N, Shepherd T J, Dickin A P, Chesley J T. 1990. Sm-Nd evidence for the age and origin of a Mississippi Valley type ore deposit. Nature, 344(6261): 54~56.
参考文献
Jia Fuju. 2010. Researches on metallogenic series and metallogenic regularities in Laojunshan metallogenic belt, Yunnan Province, China. PhD dissertation of Kunming University of Science and Technology (in Chinese with English abstract).
参考文献
Lan Chingying, Chung Sunlin, Lo Chinghua, Lee Tungyi, Wang Peiling, Li Huimin, Toan D V. 2001. First evidence for Archean continental crust in northern Vietnam and its implications for crustal and tectonic evolution in Southeast Asia. Geology, 29(3): 219~222.
参考文献
Lan Jiangbo, Liu Yuping, Ye Lin, Zhang Qian, Wang Dapeng, Su Hang. 2016. Geochemistry and age spectrum of Late Yanshanian granites from Laojunshan area, southeastern Yunnan Province, China. Acta Mineralogica Sinica, 36(4): 441~454 (in Chinese with English abstract).
参考文献
Li Dongxu, Xu Shunshan. 2000. Rotation-shearing genesis of metamorphic core complex-structural analysis of metamorphic core complex in Laojunshan, Southeastern Yunnan Province. Geological Review, 46(2): 113~120 (in Chinese with English abstract).
参考文献
Li Jiankang, Wang Denghong, Li Huaqin, Chen Zhenghui, Mei Yuping. 2013. Late Jurassic-early Crtaceous mineralization in the Laojunshan ore concentration area, Yunnan Province. Earth Science, 38(5): 1023~1036 (in Chinese with English abstract).
参考文献
Li Longming, Sun Min, Wang Yuejun, Xing Guangfu, Zhao Guochun, Cai Keda, Zhang Yuzhi. 2011. Geochronological and geochemical study of Palaeoproterozoic gneissic granites and clinopyroxenite xenoliths from NW Fujian, SE China: Implications for the crustal evolution of the Cathaysia Block. Journal of Asian Earth Sciences, 41(2): 204~212.
参考文献
Li Zhengxiang, Li Xianhua, Zhou Hanwen, Kinny P D. 2002. Grenvillian continental collision in south China: New SHRIMP U-Pb zircon results and implications for the configuration of Rodinia. Geology, 30(2): 163~166.
参考文献
Li Zhichang, Wan Jianhua, Du Guomin. 1987. Sm-Nd isotopic isochron of fluorite. Geology and geochemistry, 9: 67~68 (in Chinese with English abstract).
参考文献
Liu Shanbao, Liu Zhanqing, Wang Chenghui, Zhaozheng, Hu Zhenghua. 2017. Geochemical characteristics of REEs and trace elements and Sm-Nd dating of scheelite from the Zhuxi giant tungsten deposit in northeast Jiangxi. Earth Science, Frontiers, 24(5): 17~30 (in Chinese with English abstract).
参考文献
Liu Wengang, Liu Hui, Li Guozhan, Zhou Hongying, Xiao Zhibin, Tu Jiarun, Li Huimin. 2017. The application of ion exchange resins in Sr-Nd isotopic assay of geological samples. Acta Geologica Sinica, 91(11): 2584~2592 (in Chinese with English abstract).
参考文献
Liu Wengang, Li Guozhan, Liu Hui, Chen Yin, Xiao Zhibin, Zhou Hongying, Zhang Jian, Tu Jiarun, Li Huimin. 2018. Micro-fluorite sample digestion technology and high precision thermionic mass spectrometry determination for Sm-Nd isotopes. Acta Geoscientica Sinica, 39(1): 119~124 (in Chinese with English abstract).
参考文献
Liu Yan, Deng Jun, Li Chaofeng, Shi Guanghai, Zheng Aili. 2007. REE composition in scheelite and scheelite Sm-Nd dating for the Xuebaoding W-Sn-Be deposit in Sichuan. Chinese Science Bulletin, 52(18): 2543~2550.
参考文献
Liu Yan, Hou Zengqian. 2017. A synthesis of mineralization styles with an integrated genetic model of carbonatite-syenite-hosted REE deposits in the Cenozoic Mianning-Dechang REE metallogenic belt, the eastern Tibetan Plateau, southwestern China. Journal of Asian Earth Sciences, 137: 35~79.
参考文献
Liu Yan, Chakhmouradian A R, Hou Zengqian, Song Wenlei, Kynický J. 2019. Development of REE mineralization in the giant Maoniuping deposit (Sichuan, China): Insights from mineralogy, fluid inclusions, and trace-element geochemistry. Mineralium Deposita, 54(5): 701~718.
参考文献
Liu Yuping, Li Chaoyang, Zeng Zhigang. 1999. The metallogenic epoch and ore-forming metal source of some large and superlarge deposits in Laojunshan, Yunnan: Evidence from Rb-Sr isotopic studies. Chinese Science Bulletin-English Edition, 44: 30~31.
参考文献
Liu Yuping, Li Chaoyang, Gu Tuan, Wang Jinliang. 2000. Lead isotopic characteristics and age assignment of moderate to high-grade metamorphic rock series in Laojunshan, Southeastern Yunnan. Acta Mineralogica Sinica, 20(3): 228~232 (in Chinese with English abstract).
参考文献
Liu Yuping, Ye Lin, Li Chaoyang, Hu Ruizhong. 2003. Laojunshan-Song Chay metamorphic core complex and its tectonic significance. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta Supplement, 67: 259.
参考文献
Liu Yuping, Li Zhengxiang, Li Huimin, Guo Liguo, Xu Wei, Ye Lin, Li Chaoyang, Pi Daohui. 2007. U-Pb geochronology of cassiterite and zircon from the Dulong Sn-Zn deposit: Evidence for Cretaceous large-scale granitic magmatism and mineralization events in southeastern Yunnan Province, China. Acta Petrologica Sinica, 23(5): 967~976 (in Chinese with English abstract).
参考文献
Liu Yuping, Li Zhengxiang, Ye Lin, Tan Hongqi, Li Chaoyang. 2011. Ar-Ar chronology of tungsten mineralizationin in the Laojunshan concentration area, southeastern Yunnan. Acta Mineralogica Sinica, 31: 617~618 (in Chinese with English abstract).
参考文献
Maluski H, Lepvrier C, Jolivet L, Carter A, Roques D, Beyssac O, Tang T T, Thang N D, Avigad D. 2001. Ar-Ar and fission-track ages in the Song Chay massif: Early Triassic and Cenozoic tectonics in northern Vietnam. Journal of Asian Earth Sciences. 19(1): 233~248.
参考文献
Mao Jingwen, Cheng Yanbo, Chen Maohong, Pirajno F. 2013. Major types and time-space distribution of Mesozoic ore deposits in South China and their geodynamic settings. Mineralium Deposita, 48(3): 267~294.
参考文献
McNaughton N J, Rasmussen B. 2018. Geochemical characterization of xenotime formation environments using U-Th. Chemical Geology, 484: 109~119.
参考文献
Mei Yanxiong, Pei Rongfu, Yang Defeng, Dai Zixi, Li Jinwen, Xu Congrong. 2009. Global metallogenic domains and districts. Mineral Deposits, 4: 383~389 (in Chinese with English abstract).
参考文献
Menuge J F, Feely M. 1997. Origin and granite alteration effects of hydrothermal fluid: Isotopic evidence from fluorite veins, Co. Galway, Ireland. Mineralium Deposita, 32(1) : 34~43.
参考文献
Michard A. 1989. Rare earth element systematics in hydrothermal fluids. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 53(3): 745~750.
参考文献
Michard A, Albarède F. 1986. The REE content of some hydrothermal fluids. Chemical Geology, 55(1-2): 51~60.
参考文献
Peng Jiantang, Hu Ruizhong, Burnard P G. 2003a. Samarium-neodymium isotope systematics of hydrothermal calcites from the Xikuangshan antimony deposit (Hunan, China): The potential of calcite as a geochronometer. Chemical Geology, 200(1-2): 129~136.
参考文献
Peng Jiantang, Hu Ruizhong, Jiang Guohao. 2003b. Samarium-Neodymium isotope system of fluorites from the Qinglong antimony deposit, Guizhou Province: Constrains on the mineralizing age and ore-forming materials` sources. Acta Petrologica Sinica, 19(4): 785~791 (in Chinese with English abstract).
参考文献
Peng Jiantang, Hu Ruizhong, Zhao Junhong, Fu Yazhou, Lin Yuanxian. 2003c. Sm-Nd and Ar-Ar dating of scheelite from the Woxi Au-Sb-W deposite in West Hunan. Chinese Science Bulletin, 48(18): 1976~1981 (in Chinese with English abstract).
参考文献
Peng Jiantang, Zhang Dongliang, Hu Ruizhong, Wu Mengjun, Lin Yuanxian. 2008. Sm-Nd and Sr isotope geochemistry of hydrothermal scheelite from the Zhazixi W-Sb deposit, Western Hunan. Acta Geologica Sinica, 82(11): 1514~1521 (in Chinese with English abstract).
参考文献
Peng Jiantang, Wang Chuan, Li Yukun, Hu A`xiang, Lu Yulong, Chen Xianjia. 2021. Geochemical characteristics and Sm-Nd geochronology of scheelite in the Baojinshan ore district, central Hunan. Acta Petrologica Sinica, 37(3): 665~682 (in Chinese with English abstract).
参考文献
Qiu Huaning. 1999. 40Ar-39Ar technique for dating the fluid inclusions by crushing in vacuum and its developing applications on determining the mineralizing ages of the ore deposits. Bulletin of Mineralogy, Petrology and Geochemistry. 18(2): 3~10 (in Chinese with English abstract).
参考文献
Qiu Huaning, Bai Xiujuan. 2019. Fluid inclusions40Ar-39Ar dating technique and its applications. Earth Science. 44(3): 685~697 (in Chinese with English abstract).
参考文献
Que Chaoyang. 2016. Tungsten metallogenic system and prospecting direction in the Nanwenhe-Saxi area, Malipo County, Yunnan Province. PhD dissertation of China University of Geosciences (Beijing)(in Chinese with English abstract).
参考文献
Ren Jishun. 1996. The continental tectonics of China. Journal of Southeast Asian Earth Sciences, 13(3): 197~204.
参考文献
Roger F, Leloup P H, Jolivet M, Lacassin R, Trinh P T, Brunel M, Seward D. 2000. Long and complex thermal history of the Song Chay metamorphic dome (northern Vietnam) by multi-system geochronology. Tectonophysics. 321(4): 449~466.
参考文献
Shu Liangshu, Charvet J, Shi Yangshen, Faure M, Cluzel D, Guo Lingzhi. 1991. Structural analysis of the Nanchang-Wanzai sinistral ductile shear zone (Jiangnan region, South China). Journal of Southeast Asian Earth Sciences, 6(1): 13~23.
参考文献
Su Wenchao, Hu Ruizhong, Xia Bin, Xia Yong, Liu Yuping. 2009. Calcite Sm-Nd isochron age of the Shuiyindong Carlin-type gold deposit, Guizhou, China. Chemical Geology, 258(3-4): 269~274.
参考文献
Tan Hongqi, Liu Yuping, Xu Wei, Guo Liguo, Ye Lin, Li Chaoyang. 2011. A study on SHRIMP and TIMS zircons dating on low-to medium-grade ortho-metamorphic rocks: example on the Nanwenhe granites, southeastern Yunnan Province, China. Acta Mineralogica Sinica, 31(1): 62~69 (in Chinese with English abstract).
参考文献
Taylor R D, Goldfarb R J, Monecke T, Fletcher I R, Cosca M A, Kelly N M. 2015. Application of U-Th-Pb phosphate geochronology to young orogenic gold deposits: New age constraints on the formation of the Grass Valley gold district, Sierra Nevada Foothills Province, California. Economic Geology, 110(5): 1313~1337.
参考文献
Tian Shihong, Gong Yingli, Yang Zhusen, Hou Zengqian, Liu Yingchao, Song Yucai, Xue Wanwen, Lu Haifeng, Wang Fuchun, Zhang Yubao, Zhu Tian, Yu Changjie. 2014. Rb-Sr and Sm-Nd isochron ages of the Dongmozhazhua and Mohailaheng Pb-Zn ore deposits in the Yushu area, southern Qinghai and their geological implications. Acta Geologica Sinica, 88(2): 558~569.
参考文献
Tu Guangchi. 2002. Two unique mineralization areas in Southwest China. Bulletin of Mineralogy, Petrology and Geochemistry, 21(1): 1~2 (in Chinese with English abstract).
参考文献
Wang Dandan, Li Baolong, Zhu Dequan, Zhang Chenggong, Zhang Xuecheng. 2015. Zircon U-Pb geochronology of metamorphic complex in the Laojunshan district, Southeastern Yunnan Province and its tectonic implication. Acta Geologica Sinica, 89(10): 1718~1734 (in Chinese with English abstract).
参考文献
Wang Dapeng, Zhang Qian, Liu Yuping, Ye Lin, Lan Jiangbo. 2015. Diagenetic and metallogenic age constraints of the Maguan area, southeastern Yunnan Province. Acta Mineralogica Sinica, S1: 720 (in Chinese with English abstract).
参考文献
Wang Xiaojuan, Liu Yuping, Miao Yingli, Bao Tan, Ye Lin, Zhang Qian. 2014. In-situ LA-MC-ICP-MS cassiterite U-Pb dating of Dulong Sn-Zn polymetallic deposit and its significance. Acta Petrologica Sinica, 30(3): 867~876 (in Chinese with English abstract).
参考文献
Wang Xuekun. 1994. Geological-geochemical characteristics of Xinzhai tin deposit in Malipo. Yunnan Geology, 1(13): 1~15 (in Chinese with English abstract).
参考文献
Wang Yuejun, Fan Weiming, Zhao Guochun, Ji Shaocheng, Peng Touping. 2007. Zircon U-Pb geochronology of gneissic rocks in the Yunkai massif and its implications on the Caledonian event in the South China Block. Gondwana Research, 12(4): 404~416.
参考文献
Wang Yuejun, Zhang Aimei, Fan Weiming, Zhao Guochun, Zhang Guowei, Zhang Yuzhi, Zhang Feifei, Li Sanzhong. 2011. Kwangsian crustal anatexis within the eastern South China Block: Geochemical, zircon U-Pb geochronological and Hf isotopic fingerprints from the gneissoid granites of Wugong and Wuyi-Yunkai Domains. Lithos, 127(1): 239~260.
参考文献
Wu Genyao. 2001. Indosinian foreland fold-and-thrust belt bordering Yunnan and Guangxi, China. Chinese Journal of Geology (Scientia Geologica Sinica), 1: 64~71 (in Chinese with English abstract).
参考文献
Xiong Yiqu, Shao Yongjun, Mao Jingwen, Wu Shichong, Zhou Haodi, Zheng Minghong. 2019. The polymetallic magmatic-hydrothermal Xiangdong and Dalong systems in the W-Sn-Cu-Pb-Zn-Ag Dengfuxian orefield, SE China: Constraints from geology, fluid inclusions, H-O-S-Pb isotopes, and sphalerite Rb-Sr geochronology. Mineralium Deposita, 54(8): 1~24.
参考文献
Xu Bin, Jiang Shaoyong, Wang Rong, Ma Liangma, Zhao Kuidong, Yan Xiong. 2015. Late Cretaceous granites from the giant Dulong Sn-polymetallic ore district in Yunnan Province, South China: Geochronology, geochemistry, mineral chemistry and Nd-Hf isotopic compositions. Lithos, 218: 54~72.
参考文献
Xu Bin, Jiang Shaoyong, Hofmann A W, Wang Rong, Yang Shuiyuan, Zhao Kuidong. 2016. Geochronology and geochemical constraints on petrogenesis of Early Paleozoic granites from the Laojunshan district in Yunnan Province of South China. Gondwana Research, 29(1): 248~263.
参考文献
Xu Cheng, Huang Zhinlong, Qi Liang, Xiao Huayun, Li Wenbo, Liu Congqiang. 2002. REE and isotopic geochemistry of fluorites in the Maoniuping rare-earth deposit, Sichuan Province. Geochimica, 31 (2): 180~190 (in Chinese with English abstract).
参考文献
Yan Danping, Zhou Meifu, Song Honglin, Wang Xinwen, Malpas J. 2003. Origin and tectonic significance of a Mesozoic multi-layer over-thrust system within the Yangtze Block (South China). Tectonophysics, 361(3): 239~254.
参考文献
Yan Danping, Zhou Meifu, Wang Christinayan, Xia Bin. 2006. Structural and geochronological constraints on the tectonic evolution of the Dulong-Song Chay tectonic dome in Yunnan Province, SW China. Journal of Asian Earth Sciences, 28(4): 332~353.
参考文献
Yang Guangshu, Wang Kai, Yan Yongfeng, Jia Fuju, Li Piyou, Mao Zhibo, Zhou Yan. 2019b. Genesis of the ore-bearing skarns in Laojunshan Sn-W-Zn-In polymetallic ore district, southeastern Yunnan Province, China. Acta Petrologica Sinica, 35(11): 3333~3354 (in Chinese with English abstract).
参考文献
Yang Guangshu, Wen Hanjie, Ren Tao, Xu Saihua, Wang Caiyan. 2019a. Geochronology, geochemistry and Hf isotopic composition of Late Cretaceous Laojunshan granites in the western Cathaysia block of South China and their metallogenic and tectonic implications. Ore Geology Reviews, 117: 1~15.
参考文献
Yang Jinhui, Zhou Xinhua. 2001. Rb-Sr, Sm-Nd, and Pb isotope systematics of pyrite: Implications for the age and genesis of lode gold deposits. Geology, 29(8): 711~714.
参考文献
Yang Liqiang, Deng Jun, Goldfarb R J, Zhang Jing, Gao Bangfei, Wang Zhongliang. 2014. 40Ar/39Ar geochronological constraints on the formation of the Dayingezhuang gold deposit: New implications for timing and duration of hydrothermal activity in the Jiaodong gold province, China. Gondwana Research, 25(4): 1469~1483.
参考文献
Yu Haocheng, Li Jun, Qiu Kunfeng, Gou Zongyang, Geng Jianzhen, Liu Wengang, Pang Yao, Wang Boxiong. 2019. Sm-Nd isotope geochemistry of dolomite in the giant Zaozigou Au-Sb deposit, West Qinling, China. Acta Petrologica Sinica, 35(5): 1519~1531 (in Chinese with English abstract).
参考文献
Yuan Shunda, Williams-Jones A E, Mao Jingwen, Zhao Panlao, Yan Chen, Zhang Dongliang. 2018. The origin of the Zhangjialong tungsten deposit, South China: Implications for W-Sn mineralization in large granite batholiths. Economic Geology, 113(5): 1193~1208.
参考文献
Yuan Shunda, Williams-Jones A E, Romer R L, Zhao Panlao, Mao Jingwen. 2019. Protolith-related thermal controls on the decoupling of Sn and W in Sn-W metallogenic provinces: Insights from the Nanling region, China. Economic Geology, 114(5): 1005~1012.
参考文献
Zeng Zhigang, Li Chaoyang, Liu Yuping, Tu Guangchi. 1998. REE geochemistry of scheelite of two genetic types from Nanyangtian, Southeastern Yunnan. Geology and Geochemistry, 26(2): 34~38 (in Chinese with English abstract).
参考文献
Zhang Bin, Zhang Binhui, Chen Minhua. 2016. Pedogeochemical anomalies and Prospecting of the Changtian W-polymetallic deposit. Acta Geologica Sichuan, 36(4): 667~671 (in Chinese with English abstract).
参考文献
Zhang Shitao, Feng Minggang, Lü Wei. 1998. Analysis of the Nanwenhe metamorphic core complex in Southeastern Yunnan. Geological Bulletin of China, 17(4): 390~397 (in Chinese with English abstract).
参考文献
Zhao Panlao, Chu Xu, Williams-Jones A E, Mao Jingwen, Yuan Shunda. 2022a. The role of phyllosilicate partial melting in segregating tungsten and tin deposits in W-Sn metallogenic provinces. Geology, 50(1): 121~125.
参考文献
Zhao Panlao, Yuan Shunda, Williams-Jones A E, Romer R L, Yan Chen, Song Shiwei, Mao Jingwen. 2022b. Temporal separation of W and Sn mineralization by temperature-controlled incongruent melting of a single protolith: Evidence from the Wangxianling area, Nanling region, South China. Economic Geology, 117(3): 667~682.
参考文献
Zhao Panlao, Zajacz Z, Tsay A, Yuan Shunda. 2022c. Magmatic-hydrothermal tin deposits form in response to efficient tin extraction upon magma degassing. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 316: 331~346.
参考文献
Zhao Zhenyu. 2017. The magmatism and genesis of Dulong Zn-Sn polymetallic deposit in Maguan, Yunnan Province. PhD dissertation of China University of Geosciences (Beijing)(in Chinese with English abstract).
参考文献
Zhong Dalai, Wu Genyao, Ji Jianqing, Zhang Qi, Ding Lin. 1998. Ophiolite was discovered in Southeast Yunnan. Chinese Science Bulletin, 13: 1365~1370 (in Chinese with English abstract).
参考文献
刀学强, 李山志, 韦文彪, 韩红林. 2017. 滇东南老君山西部钨矿类型探讨. 世界有色金属, 8: 296~298.
参考文献
杜胜江. 2015. 滇东南老君山钨锡多金属矿集区成矿规律及动力学背景. 中国科学院地球化学研究所博士学位论文.
参考文献
杜胜江, 温汉捷, 秦朝建, 燕永锋, 杨光树, 冯鹏宇. 2014. 云南麻栗坡县马卡钨多金属矿床中铍赋存状态研究及意义. 矿物学报, 34(4): 446~450.
参考文献
杜胜江, 温汉捷, 张锦让, 秦朝建, 罗重光. 2022. 滇东南老君山矿集区马卡钨铍稀有金属矿床花岗岩年代学归属. 矿物学报, 42(3): 257~269.
参考文献
冯佳睿. 2011. 云南麻栗坡南秧田钨矿床成矿流体特征与成矿作用. 中国地质科学院博士学位论文.
参考文献
冯佳睿, 毛景文, 裴荣富, 周振华, 杨宗喜. 2010. 云南瓦渣钨矿区老君山花岗岩体的SHRIMP锆石U-Pb 定年、地球化学特征及成因探讨. 岩石学报, 26(3): 845~857.
参考文献
冯佳睿, 毛景文, 裴荣富, 李超. 2011. 滇东南老君山地区印支期成矿事件初探——以新寨锡矿床和南秧田钨矿床为例. 矿床地质, 30(1): 57~73.
参考文献
冯明刚, 张世涛, 吕伟. 2000. 中国祖母绿矿床地质特征及其找矿方向. 云南地质, 19(1): 37~42.
参考文献
贾福聚. 2010. 云南老君山成矿区成矿系列及成矿规律研究. 昆明理工大学博士学位论文.
参考文献
蓝江波, 刘玉平, 叶霖, 张乾, 王大鹏, 苏航. 2016. 滇东南燕山晚期老君山花岗岩的地球化学特征与年龄谱系. 矿物学报, 36(4) : 441~454.
参考文献
李东旭, 许顺山. 2000. 变质核杂岩的旋扭成因——滇东南老君山变质核杂岩的构造解析. 地质论评, 46(2) : 113~120.
参考文献
李建康, 王登红, 李华芹, 陈郑辉, 梅玉萍. 2013. 云南老君山矿集区的晚侏罗世—早白垩世成矿事件. 地球科学(中国地质大学学报), 38(5): 1023~1036.
参考文献
刘善宝, 刘战庆, 王成辉, 王登红, 赵正, 胡正华. 2017. 赣东北朱溪超大型钨矿床中白钨矿的稀土、微量元素地球化学特征及其Sm-Nd 定年. 地学前缘, 24(5): 17~30.
参考文献
刘文刚, 刘卉, 李国占, 周红英, 肖志斌, 涂家润, 李惠民. 2017. 离子交换树脂在地质样品Sr-Nd同位素测定中的应用. 地质学报, 91(11): 2584~2592.
参考文献
刘文刚, 李国占, 刘卉, 陈印, 肖志斌, 周红英, 张健, 涂家润, 李惠民. 2018. 微量萤石样品消解技术及其Sm-Nd同位素高精度热离子质谱法测试. 地球学报, 39(1): 119~124.
参考文献
刘玉平, 李朝阳, 谷团, 王金良. 2000. 滇东南老君山中—深变质岩系铅同位素特征及时代归属. 矿物学报, 20(3): 228~232.
参考文献
刘玉平, 李正祥, 李惠民, 郭利果, 徐伟, 叶霖, 李朝阳, 皮道会. 2007. 都龙锡锌矿床锡石和锆石U-Pb年代学: 滇东南白垩纪大规模花岗岩成岩-成矿事件. 岩石学报, 23(5): 967~976.
参考文献
刘玉平, 李正祥, 叶霖, 谭洪旗, 李朝阳. 2011. 滇东南老君山矿集区钨成矿作用 Ar-Ar 年代学. 矿物学报, 31: 617~618.
参考文献
李志昌, 万建华, 杜国民. 1987. 萤石Sm-Nd等时线. 地质地球化学, 9: 67~68.
参考文献
梅燕雄, 裴荣富, 杨德凤, 戴自希, 李进文, 徐丛荣, 瞿泓滢. 2009. 全球成矿域和成矿区带. 矿床地质, 4: 383~389.
参考文献
彭建堂, 胡瑞忠, 蒋国豪. 2003b. 萤石Sm-Nd 同位素体系对晴隆锑矿成矿时代和物源的制约. 岩石学报, 19(4): 785~791.
参考文献
彭建堂, 胡瑞忠, 赵军红, 符亚洲, 林源贤. 2003c. 湘西沃溪Au-Sb-W矿床中白钨矿Sm-Nd和石英Ar-Ar 定年. 科学通报, 48(18): 1976~1981.
参考文献
彭建堂, 张东亮, 胡瑞忠, 吴梦军, 林源贤. 2008. 湘西渣滓溪钨锑矿床白钨矿的 Sm-Nd和Sr同位素地球化学. 地质学报, 82(11): 1514~1521.
参考文献
彭建堂, 王川, 李玉坤, 胡阿香, 鲁玉龙, 陈宪佳. 2021. 湖南包金山矿区白钨矿的地球化学特征及Sm-Nd同位素年代学. 岩石学报, 37(3): 665~682.
参考文献
邱华宁. 1999. 流体包裹体40Ar-39Ar计时技术及其矿床定年应用. 矿物岩石地球化学通报, 18(2): 3~10.
参考文献
邱华宁, 白秀娟. 2019. 流体包裹体40Ar/39Ar定年技术与应用. 地球科学, 44(3): 685~697.
参考文献
阙朝阳. 2016. 云南麻栗坡南温河—洒西一带钨成矿系统及找矿方向研究. 中国地质大学(北京)博士学位论文.
参考文献
谭洪旗, 刘玉平, 徐伟, 郭利果, 叶霖, 李朝阳. 2011. 中-浅正变质岩锆石SHRIMP法与TIMS法测年结果不一致处理——以滇东南南温河花岗岩为例. 矿物学报, 31(1): 62~69.
参考文献
涂光炽. 2002. 我国西南地区两个别具一格的成矿带 (域). 矿物岩石地球化学通报, 21(1): 1~2.
参考文献
王丹丹, 李宝龙, 朱德全, 张承功, 张学成. 2015. 滇东南老君山地区变质岩锆石U-Pb年代学及其构造意义. 地质学报, 89(10): 1718~1734.
参考文献
王大鹏, 张乾, 刘玉平, 叶霖, 蓝江波. 2015. 滇东南马关县南捞地区成岩、成矿时代约束. 矿物学报, S1: 720.
参考文献
王小娟, 刘玉平, 缪应理, 鲍谈, 叶霖, 张乾. 2014. 都龙锡锌多金属矿床LA-MC-ICPMS锡石U-Pb测年及其意义. 岩石学报, 30(3): 867~876.
参考文献
王学焜. 1994. 麻栗坡新寨锡矿床地质地球化学特征. 云南地质, 1(13): 1~15.
参考文献
吴根耀. 2001. 滇桂交界区印支期前陆褶皱冲断带. 地质科学, 1: 64~71.
参考文献
许成, 黄智龙, 漆亮, 肖化云, 李文博, 刘丛强. 2002. 四川牦牛坪稀土矿床萤石稀土元素、同位素地球化学. 地球化学, 31 (2): 180~190.
参考文献
杨光树, 王凯, 燕永锋, 贾福聚, 李丕优, 毛致博, 周艳. 2019b. 滇东南老君山锡-钨-锌-铟多金属矿集区含矿矽卡岩成因研究. 岩石学报, 35(11): 3333~3354.
参考文献
于皓丞, 李俊, 邱昆峰, 勾宗洋, 耿建珍, 刘文刚, 庞瑶, 王博雄. 2019. 西秦岭甘南早子沟金锑矿床白云石Sm-Nd同位素地球化学及其意义. 岩石学报, 35(5): 1519~1531.
参考文献
曾志刚, 李朝阳, 刘玉平, 涂光炽. 1998. 滇东南南秧田两种不同成因类型白钨矿的稀土元素地球化学特征. 地质地球化学, 26(2): 34~38.
参考文献
张彬, 张斌辉, 陈敏华. 2016. 长田钨多金属矿土壤地球化学异常特征及找矿. 四川地质学报, 36(4): 667~671.
参考文献
张东亮. 2009. 矿物中稀土元素扩散作用的理论研究: 兼论白钨矿Sm-Nd定年方法的可靠性. 中国科学院地球化学研究所博士学位论.
参考文献
张世涛, 冯明刚, 吕伟. 1998. 滇东南南温河变质核杂岩解析. 中国区域地质, 17(4): 390~397.
参考文献
赵震宇. 2017. 云南省马关县都龙锌锡多金属矿床——岩浆作用及矿床成因研究. 中国地质大学 (北京)博士学位论文.
参考文献
锺大赉, 吴根耀, 季建清, 张旗, 丁林. 1998. 滇东南发现蛇绿岩. 科学通报, 13: 1365~1370.
目录contents

    摘要

    滇东南是我国重要的钨锡多金属成矿区,老君山矿集区是其重要组成部分,围绕燕山期老君山复式花岗岩体,分布有都龙、南秧田、新寨大型-超大型Sn-W多金属矿床及多个中小型矿床(点)。该区地质演化复杂,Sn、W多金属可能存在多期成矿作用,包括燕山期、印支期和加里东期。由于目前该区发现的Sn-W矿化多分布于老君山岩体南、东侧,而岩体北部Sn-W成矿作用的研究相对较薄弱,特别是成矿年代学方面,多数矿床依然缺少精确同位素年代学数据,制约了该区Sn-W多金属成矿作用的认识和地质勘探的深入。长田是老君山岩体北缘代表性W (Sn)多金属矿床,区内加里东期和燕山期花岗岩均有分布,由于缺少年代学数据和地质地球化学研究,W(Sn)成矿作用的认识尚缺少实际地质地球化学依据,难以建立合理的成矿模式,制约了区内地质勘探的深入和突破。基于此,本文通过对长田W (Sn)矿床中白钨矿及共生萤石的Sm-Nd同位素定年,分别获得97 Ma和79 Ma两个年代学数据,显示该矿床钨矿化主成矿期应为燕山晚期,与老君山花岗岩活动时限一致,表明长田钨成矿作用与燕山期老君山花岗岩的侵入活动关系密切,而与加里东期岩浆活动关系不大。该成果丰富了燕山晚期老君山花岗岩Sn-W成矿作用及其影响范围,也为进一步完善该区的年代学格架提供重要的成矿年代学数据。

    Abstract

    The Laojunshan ore district is an essential part of the W-Sn metallogenic belt in SE Yunnan Province, China. A series of large and super-large deposits such as the Dulong, Nanyangtian and Xinzhai Sn-W polymetallic deposits are distributed around the Laojunshan complex granite of Yanshanian. The Sn-W polymetals may have had multistage mineralization (e.g., Yanshan, Indosinian and Caledonian) because of complex geological history in the Laojunshan ore district. The Sn-W mineralization found in this ore district is mainly distributed in southern and eastern Laojunshan granite body, while northern deposits are relatively less studied. Especially in metallogenic chronology, most deposits still lack accurate isotopic chronology data, which limits the understanding of Sn-W polymetallic mineralization and in-depth geological exploration in this area. Changtian is a typical W (Sn) polymetallic deposit in northern Laojunshan granite. Caledonian and Yanshanian granites are distributed in the Changtian ore district.Due to the lack of chronology and geochemistry study, the understanding of W (Sn) mineralization is not based on actual geological and geochemical evidence. It is difficult to establish a reasonable metallogenic model, which restricts the in-depth geological exploration in the Changtian W (Sn) deposit. This study provides a high-precision Sm-Nd isotopic dating for scheelite and fluorite separated from the tungsten ore with two isochron ages of (97 Ma, scheelite) and (79 Ma, fluorite). These results showed that the Changtian W (Sn) deposit formed in the Yanshanian, and tungsten mineralization is closely related to the Laojunshan granite, but has little relation with the Nanwenhe granite. This study has enriched Sn-W mineralization of the Laojunshan granite of late Yanshanian and its scope of influence, as well as providing important geochronology data to further improve the geochronology framework of the Laojunshan ore district.

  • 滇东南钨锡多金属成矿带处于特提斯-喜马拉雅成矿域和环太平洋成矿域的复合部位,成矿条件优越(梅燕雄等,2009)。次一级大地构造单元位于华南褶皱系、哀牢山褶皱系、越北地块和扬子地块交汇处(张世涛等,1998; 李东旭和许顺山,2000)。该区岩浆活动频繁,在大致平行于哀牢山构造带方向,依次发育有个旧岩体、薄竹山岩体和老君山岩体,并伴随形成了一系列闻名中外的大型—超大型矿床(如个旧锡矿、白牛厂银多金属矿、都龙锡锌矿等)(涂光炽,2002),成为我国重要的有色金属基地(涂光炽,2002; Cheng Yanbo et al.,2010; Mao Jingwen et al.,2013)。

  • 老君山矿集区位于滇东南钨锡成矿带东南部,该区经历了多期次的构造、沉积、岩浆及变质作用,形成了构造复杂、岩性多样的地质格局。老君山花岗岩是矿集区侵位最年轻的花岗岩体(刘玉平等,2007; 冯佳睿等,2011; Xu Bin et al.,2015; 蓝江波等,2016),主要处于矿集区中部。在早、中、晚燕山期均发生过岩浆活动,是一个燕山期复式岩体。老君山岩体北部的文山-麻栗坡断裂、南温河断裂和南部的马关-都龙断裂控制了矿集区总体构造格架。该区成矿条件优越,具有成矿多样、矿种丰富、矿床繁多的特征,主要分布有以都龙、南秧田、新寨等为代表的一系列大型—超大型锡钨多金属矿床,构成了老君山W-Sn多金属矿集区。近年来,随着新的成矿理论和找矿技术的引入,老君山矿集区找矿勘探取得了突破性进展,逐渐厘定为一个兼具内生与外生、同生与后生矿床特征的混生型或叠生型矿床组合区,已被确定为我国钨锡资源重要接替基地及重要勘查区(贾福聚,2010; 冯佳睿,2011; 李建康等,2013)。

  • 老君山矿集区北部除分布有新寨大型锡矿床外,还分布有长田W(Sn)矿床、马卡W(Be)矿床、三保Mn-Ag(Pb-Zn)矿床、南捞W矿床等一系列中型—大型多金属矿床(图1),矿床种类多、成矿潜力巨大。由于该区经历过加里东期、印支期和燕山期多期次复杂的构造运动(杨光树等,2019b; Yang Guangshu et al.,2019a),导致钨锡多金属矿床的时空格局及矿床成因复杂而一直存在激烈争论。前人对该区曾开展的岩石地球化学、构造与成矿关系、成矿预测等方面研究主要集中于南部和东部(Li Zhengxiang et al.,2002; Wang Yuejun et al.,2007; 贾福聚,2010; 冯佳睿等,2011; 刘玉平等,2011; Wang Yuejun et al.,2011; 杜胜江,2015; Xu Bin et al.,2016),而北部成矿作用研究相对较少(杜胜江等,2014; Du Shengjiang et al.,2020),限制了对全区成矿规律的整体认识和地质勘探新突破(刘玉平等, 2011; Wang Yuejun et al.,2011)。年代学研究是深入挖掘该区钨锡成矿机制的关键(贾福聚,2010; 冯佳睿,2011; 杜胜江,2015),由于北部矿床缺乏系统和精确的年代学数据,还不足以整体勾画老君山矿集区的成矿时代和期次,阻碍了对成矿机制的深入认识。基于北部长田矿区同时发育加里东期和燕山期花岗岩体的特殊地质特征,形成了北部代表性的长田W(Sn)矿床。这两期岩浆活动对W(Sn)成矿的贡献未知,值得深入探讨。因此,本文通过系统开展长田矿床的年代学研究,以期精确厘定钨矿化时代,同时为搭建老君山矿集区的成岩-成矿年代学格架提供重要的年代学数据。

  • 1 区域地质背景

  • 老君山矿集区属于滇东南钨锡多金属成矿带的重要组成部分(锺大赉等,1998; 李东旭,2000; 吴根耀,2001)。老君山钨锡多金属矿集区的区域构造演化复杂:华夏地块于古元古代形成二级单元越北古陆(Li Longming et al.,2011);中元古代增生发育(Li Zhengxiang et al.,2002);新元古代裂解(Wang Yuejun et al.,2007),而华夏板块与扬子板块拼贴发生在早古生代志留纪(Shu Liangshu et al.,1991; Ren Jishun,1996; Yan Danping et al.,2003; Charvet et al.,2010),老君山矿集区处在华夏板块最西缘,在约440~420 Ma加里东期发生陆陆同碰撞造山运动,并伴随南温河系列花岗岩的侵入(Guo Liguo et al.,2009; 杜胜江等,2015)(图1)。前加里东期凹陷沉积的碳酸盐岩、泥质岩及碎屑岩等类复理石建造富含锡、钨、锌、铅等成矿元素,形成了下部以W、Sn为主,中部以Sn、Zn、Ag、Cu为主,上部以Pb、Zn为主的矿源层(贾福聚, 2010)。除加里东期南温河花岗岩外,在矿集区中部还出露有面积约150 km2的老君山花岗岩(图1),以中细粒—中粗粒花岗岩和花岗斑岩为主,刘玉平等(2007)冯佳睿等(2011)获得的老君山花岗岩SHRIMP锆石U-Pb年龄分别为92~86 Ma和87~85 Ma,这与利用LA-ICP-MS 锆石U-Pb定年方法获得的年龄90~86 Ma(Xu Bin et al.,2015)、 118~80 Ma(蓝江波等,2016)和87~82 Ma(赵震宇,2017)在误差范围内一致,表明老君山花岗岩形成于燕山期。长田W(Sn)矿床位于老君山花岗岩体的北部,矿区内既发育有加里东期南温河花岗岩,又分布有燕山期老君山花岗岩,这两期花岗岩对成矿贡献目前尚不清晰,需开展进一步的年代学研究。

  • 2 矿床地质特征

  • 长田W(Sn)矿床位于老君山矿集区北部(图1,图2a),该矿床除钨外,还共(伴)生有一定量的锡资源,目前己探明的钨金属储量属于小—中型规模(麻栗坡溢岭公司,2009; 云南华联矿产勘探有限责任公司,2017)。矿区位于南温河片麻岩穹隆北部盖层的南北向构造带与东西向构造带交汇处(张彬等,2016),褶皱、断裂构造较为发育(图2b),其中断层主要为北西向及北东向,部分断层切穿了花岗岩体,提供了较好的导矿空间;区内褶皱较为发育,枢纽走向有南北向、北东向。地表矿化主要为构造破碎带控矿,浅部脉状矿体发育,具有深部似层状矿体延伸的趋势(阙朝阳,2016),成矿潜力大。

  • 矿区内出露地层主要有新元古界新寨岩组、寒武系田蓬组和龙哈组(麻栗坡溢岭公司,2009; 云南华联矿产勘探有限责任公司,2017)(图2a)。新寨岩组(Pt3x)岩性较为复杂,自下而上依次分为四段,即新寨岩组第一段(Pt3x1)为石英二云母片岩夹石英电气石透镜体,顶部夹碳质黑云斜长变粒岩及大理岩透镜体。新寨岩组第二段(Pt3x2)为石英白云母片岩夹透辉斜长、钙质角闪变粒岩和矽卡岩透镜体,顶部为黑云斜长变粒岩;新寨岩组第三段(Pt3x3)为大理岩、矽卡岩、片岩、片麻岩、变粒岩互层;新寨岩组第四段(Pt3x4)为石英云母片岩夹大理岩、矽卡岩扁豆体。由于Pt3x1和Pt3x2的岩性差别小,Pt3x3和Pt3x4岩性类似,有时难于区分,常将第一段和第二段合并为一个填图单元(Pt3x1+2)、第三段和第四段合并为一个填图单元(Pt3x3+4)。田蓬组(2t)属中寒武统,为长田矿床主要的赋矿层位,根据岩性组合,可分为两段,田蓬组第一段(2t1)主要为灰色石英千枚岩、二云千枚岩和含黑云母白云质千枚岩与含金云母大理岩、灰色条带状大理岩互层;田蓬组第二段(2t2)岩性组合为灰色—灰黄色石英千枚岩和白云质大理岩(贾福聚,2010; 杜胜江,2015; 阙朝阳,2016),局部夹透镜状薄层白云质大理岩。龙哈组(2l)属于中寒武统,主要分布于老君山的北部区域。岩石类型有片岩、矽卡岩、灰色中厚层状白云岩、白云质大理岩。长田矿区主要有加里东期南温河系列花岗岩(冯明刚等,2000; 刘玉平等,2000; Lan Chingying et al.,2001; Guo Liguo et al.,2009; 谭洪旗等,2011; 王大鹏等,2015; Xu Bin et al.,2016)和燕山期老君山系列花岗岩(刘玉平等,2007; 冯佳睿等,2011; Xu Bin et al.,2015; 王丹丹等,2015; 蓝江波等,2016; 赵震宇,2017)。

  • 图1 滇东南老君山矿集区地质略图(据Guo Liguo et al.,2009; 杜胜江,2015; 杜胜江等,2022修编)

  • Fig.1 Sketch geological map of the Laojunshan ore district in SE Yunnan Province (modified after Guo Liguo et al., 2009; Du Shengjiang, 2015; Du Shengjiang et al., 2022)

  • 长田W(Sn)矿床以石英脉型矿化为主,W-Sn矿化主要发育在石英脉、萤石-石英脉之中(图3a1、a2)。空间上,不同中段的钨矿化强度有所不同,总体呈现浅部钨矿化程度较深部的弱特征。该矿床的金属矿物主要有白钨矿、锡石、铁闪锌矿、黄铁矿、黄铜矿及少量方铅矿等;非金属矿物以石英、萤石为主,次为云母、碳酸盐类矿物以及矽卡岩类矿物(透辉石、透闪石、石榴子石、阳起石等);副矿物见锆石、磷灰石等。围岩蚀变以硅化、萤石化为主,其次也可见白云母化、矽卡岩化、云英岩化、方解石化、电气石化等。

  • 图2 长田钨矿床地质略图(a)和地质剖面图(b)(据麻栗坡溢岭公司,2009修编)

  • Fig.2 The sketch geological map (a) of the Changtian W deposit and geological section (b) (modified after Malipoyiling Company)

  • 矿床的钨矿化以白钨矿为主,白钨矿主要呈团块状、网脉状产出(图3b1、b2、c1、c2),少量呈细脉状(图3d1、d2)。其中团块状形状不规则,大小不均一,为1 cm×1 cm~5 cm×2 cm,钨矿化常具有中间强烈、边缘微弱的特征;网脉状常由不同方向的钨矿化脉组成,暗示可能存在多阶段钨矿化;细脉状以钨矿化石英-萤石脉为主,该类矿化延伸有限。该矿床白钨矿主要以矿物集合体形式产出(图3b1、c1),仅少量见白钨矿晶体,有的颗粒晶面可见明显的油脂光泽。长田矿床中的白钨矿颜色以米黄色、浅黄色为主,荧光灯下白钨矿普遍为天蓝色、浅蓝色(图3b2、c2、d2)。此外,该矿床中普遍可见白钨矿与萤石和石英共生产出,形成了各种类型的钨矿化萤石-石英脉(图3a1、a2)。

  • 3 样品采集与分析方法

  • 本次研究的白钨矿和萤石样品,均采自长田矿区深部不同中段坑道的含钨石英脉、含钨石英-萤石脉,其采样位置及样品特征见表1。选取代表性样品将其碎至 40~60目,由于白钨矿的比重远大于萤石,利用重选方法将白钨矿和萤石初步富集,然后借助紫外荧光灯,在双目镜下将杂质剔除,同时,将白钨矿和萤石分开,使白钨矿和萤石的纯度均达到 99% 以上。为了提高纯度,还对挑出的单矿物进行随机抽样制靶,然后对白钨矿靶(图4a)和萤石靶(图4b)拍摄背散射电子图像(BSE)及进行矿物相自动识别系统(TIMA)面扫描检查,对不纯样品再次提纯。最后将纯净的白钨矿和萤石颗粒碎至200目,以供微量元素和Sm-Nd同位素测试使用。

  • 样品的 Sm-Nd同位素分析在中国地质调查局天津地质调查中心完成,Sm、Nd含量测定采用同位素稀释法,采用 HF+HNO3法溶样,采用AG50W×12强酸性阳离子交换树脂和P507树脂分离提纯Sr和Nd,使用的仪器为美国赛默飞世尔公司的TRITON型热电离质谱仪(TIMS),利用146Nd/144Nd=0.7219对Nd进行质量分馏校正。具体实验分离流程和仪器测试参数详见文献(Peng Jiantang et al.,2003a; 彭建堂等,2003b; 刘文刚等,20172018)。等时线年龄用Isoplot 程序计算。

  • 图3 长田W(Sn)矿床野外钨矿化特征(a1、a2)及白钨矿的手标本(b1、c1、d1)与荧光效应照片(b2、c2、d2)

  • Fig.3 Field outcrop photos (a1, a2) and sample photos (b1, c1, d1) and fluorescence imags (b2, c2, d2) showing the tungsten mineralization in the Changtian W (Sn) deposit

  • 表1 长田W(Sn)矿床的白钨矿和萤石采样位置及基本特征

  • Table1 Sampling locations and basic features of scheelite and fluorite in the Changtian W (Sn) deposit

  • 图4 长田矿床白钨矿(a)和萤石(b)单矿物背散射电子BSE图像和矿物相自动识别系统TIMA面扫描图

  • Fig.4 The BSE and TIMA images of scheelite (a) and fluorite (b) collected from the Changtian W (Sn) deposit

  • 4 分析结果

  • 长田W(Sn)矿床白钨矿和萤石的Sm-Nd元素含量和同位素组成见表2,同时计算了相应的εNdt)和εNd(0)值。白钨矿的Sm含量为2.328×10-6~9.466×10-6,平均5.023×10-6,Nd含量为7.21×10-6~28.18×10-6,平均14.76×10-6147Sm/144Nd和143Sm/144Nd分别为0.1092~0.3207和0.511705~0.511866,可构筑成一条较好的Sm-Nd等时线 (图5a),t=97±9 Ma(n=5,MSWD=0.26),(143Sm/144Nd)i=0.511638。以t=97 Ma估算的白钨矿εNdt)和εNd(0)值分别为(-17.6~-16.6,平均-17.06)和(-18.2~-15.1,平均-16.74)。萤石的Sm含量为1.104×10-6~5.899×10-6,平均2.835×10-6,Nd含量为3.95×10-6~8.73×10-6,平均6.965×10-6147Sm/144Nd和143Sm/144Nd分别为0.1283~0.4540和0.511765~0.511902,可构筑成一条Sm-Nd等时线(图5b),t=78.8±3.2 Ma(n=4,MSWD=0.30),(143Sm/144Nd)i=0.511698。以t=79 Ma估算的白钨矿εNdt)和εNd(0)值分别为(-16.9~-16.3,平均-16.5)和(-17.2~-14.4,平均-16.1)。

  • 5 讨论

  • 5.1 Sm-Nd同位素体系的适用性

  • 成矿年龄的精确厘定在研究矿床成因以及指导找矿勘探上具有重要的理论意义和实际意义。但是,很多矿床中由于缺乏合适的定年矿物,导致了矿床年龄测定非常困难,阻碍了成矿规律深入探讨(Yang Liqiang et al.,2014; McNaughton et al.,2018)。近年来,随着大量高精度、高灵敏度的实验仪器的涌现,尤其是同位素质谱仪的快速发展,使得同位素定年技术有了长足的进步。一般常用的矿床学定年方法包括:含铀副矿物(锆石、榍石等)U-Pb、Pb-Pb法(Taylor et al.,2015); 云母Ar-Ar法(Yang Liqiang et al.,2014; Deng Jun et al.,2015); 方解石、闪锌矿Rb-Sr法(Yang Jinhui et al.,2001; Tian Shihong et al.,2014; Xiong Yiqu et al.,2019); 金属矿物(辉钼矿、毒砂、黄铁矿)的Re-Os法(Chu Zhuyin et al.,2015); 萤石、闪锌矿、方解石等矿物Sm-Nd或Rb-Sr法(彭建堂等,2003c; 刘玉平等,2007)等。关于老君山北缘的钨锡多金属矿床的成矿年龄,前人多运用全矿石或脉石矿物进行成矿时代厘定(曾志刚等,1998; Liu Yuping et al.,1999; 刘玉平等,2007; 冯佳睿等,2011),不是直接利用矿石矿物进行定年,故得出的结果会存在较大争议。正是由于缺乏精确的年代学数据,故对整个矿集区的成矿机制及其动力学背景也存在很大分歧。位于矿集区北部的长田W(Sn)矿床,以热液石英脉钨矿化为主,脉状矿石中的矿物成分较为简单,主要为白钨矿、萤石、石英,缺乏或几乎不含与钨矿化共(伴)生的辉钼矿、绢云母、毒砂等,并且石英的流体包裹体Ar-Ar定年成功率极低且周期非常漫长(邱华宁,1999; 邱华宁和白秀娟,2019),导致该矿床的成矿年龄应用受到局限。因此,直接选取矿石矿物白钨矿Sm-Nd定年获得的成矿年龄可能更加可靠,同时,为了厘清白钨矿与萤石的矿物生成顺序,对钨矿化共生萤石也系统开展了Sm-Nd同位素定年研究。

  • 图5 长田W(Sn)矿床白钨矿(a)和萤石(b)的 Sm-Nd等时线

  • Fig.5 Sm-Nd isotopic isochron of scheelite (a) and fluorite (b) samples collected from the Changtian W (Sn) deposit

  • 表2 长田W(Sn)矿床中白钨矿和萤石以及老君山花岗岩和南温河花岗岩的Sm-Nd同位素组成

  • Table2 Sm-Nd isotopic compositions of scheelite and fluorite samples collected from the Changtian W (Sn) deposit

  • 注:εNdt)计算时,白钨矿和萤石年龄分别选择97 Ma和79 Ma;老君山花岗岩和南温河花岗岩数据引自杜胜江(2015);(147Sm/144Nd)0CHUR=0.512638,λsm=6.5×10-12 a-1

  • 然而,大量研究表明,Sm-Nd同位素定年需要满足以下条件:对于Sm、Nd元素测年矿物结晶后要具有封闭的体系;测年矿物需具有较大的Sm/Nd分馏,才能构筑相应的Sm-Nd等时线;测年矿物沉淀生成后含有足够量的Sm、Nd元素;热液具有均一的Nd同位素特征(Peng Jiantang et al.,2003a; Barker et al.,2009; Tian Shihong et al.,2014; 刘善宝等,2017; 于皓丞等,2019)。

  • 白钨矿(CaWO4)属于含氧盐类矿物,化学性质稳定,不易受后期热液干扰。且已有的实验证实了稀土元素在白钨矿中扩散速度很慢,白钨矿形成以后其 Sm-Nd同位素体系易保持封闭(彭建堂等,2021)。通常情况下成矿流体中的REE 含量较低(Michard et al.,1986; Michard,1989; Douville et al.,1999),流体中的Nd同位素组成很容易受到外界的影响,如有一些围岩中的Nd混入,热液体系中的Nd同位素组成在局部就会发生明显改变,从而可能导致整个成矿体系中Nd同位素的不均一性。这种不均一性往往会造成热液矿床中不同脉体或同一脉体中的不同矿物的143Nd/144Nd 值有较大波动(Halliday et al.,1990; 彭建堂等,2008),甚至同一手标本中相同矿物的不同部位或不同颜色部分的Nd同位素值都可能存在差异(Menuge et al.,1997)。在热液矿床中这种Nd的混合作用会导致无法得到有效的 Sm-Nd等时线(彭建堂等,2003b2008; Su Wenchao et al.,2009)。本研究挑选出的长田矿床白钨矿颗粒,晶体内部成分均匀,基本上无环带和生长间断特征出现(图4a),因而其Sm-Nd同位素等时线年龄代表了白钨矿的形成时间,其主成矿年龄为97 Ma(图5a),形成于燕山期。

  • 萤石(CaF2)中的REE以置换矿物晶格中Ca2+的形式存在,且研究表明,Sm、Nd在萤石中的扩散速率较低,从而Sm-Nd同位素体系易处于封闭状态(Cherniak et al.,2001)。萤石中的Sm-Nd同位素体系可能是一种潜在的有效定年工具,因而国内外学者对Sm-Nd同位素体系开展了广泛研究(李志昌等,1987; 许成等,2002)。Sm-Nd同位素定年主要较为成功地应用于岩浆型矿床(Chesley et al.,1994)和少量的MVT型矿床(Halliday et al.,1990)。研究区的长田矿区广发育花岗岩体,钨矿化与岩浆活动关系密切,因此,与白钨矿共生的萤石Sm-Nd同位素等时线年龄(78.8 Ma; 图5b)应也代表了主成矿期,表明长田矿床的钨矿化主要形成于燕山晚期。

  • 5.2 成矿时代及物源初探

  • 前人对老君山矿集区的成岩-成矿年代学开展了大量研究,相关成果统计见表3,显示该矿集区主要经历了加里东期和燕山期两期岩浆活动,且加里东期花岗岩遭受了印支期变质作用,因此认为该区具有加里东期、印支期、燕山期的多期次成矿特征。

  • 表3 滇东南老君山矿集区钨锡多金属矿床成岩-成矿年代学数据统计表

  • Table3 Diagenetic-metallogenic chronology statistical table of W-Sn polymetallic deposit the Laojunshan ore district

  • 滇东南老君山矿集区主要发育两期大规模的岩浆活动,形成了老君山花岗岩和南温河花岗岩,印支期经历了广泛的区域变质作用(王学焜等,1994; Guo Liguo,et al.,2009; Xu Bin et al.,2015)。多期次地质演化作用,伴随形成了多期成矿事件(图6)。

  • 燕山期:以分布于矿集区中部的老君山花岗岩为代表,主要为中细粒—中粗粒花岗岩和花岗斑岩。前人对老君山成岩年龄曾开展了广泛研究,刘玉平等(2007)冯佳睿等(2011)获得的SHRIMP锆石U-Pb年龄分别为92~86 Ma和87~85 Ma,这与近期利用LA-ICP-MS 锆石U-Pb定年方法获得的年龄90~86 Ma(Xu Bin et al.,2015)、 118~80 Ma(蓝江波等,2016)和87~82 Ma(赵震宇,2017)在误差范围内一致,表明老君山花岗岩是燕山期大规模岩浆活动的产物。该时期孕育的矿床以都龙矿床为代表,Liu Yuping et al.(1999)刘玉平等(2007)利用锡石TIMS U-Pb法和矿石Rb-Sr法对都龙超大型锡锌铟矿床进行成矿年龄测定,分别获得年龄为82~79 Ma和79.1±9.1 Ma,这与王小娟等(2014)测定的锡石微区原位U-Pb年龄(89~87 Ma)相近。最近,笔者对研究区西南部的牧场锡矿床进行了成矿年代学研究,获得锡石原位U-Pb年龄为82 Ma(未发表)。以上获得的成矿年龄与燕山期老君山花岗岩的侵入时代具有高度的一致性,表明该类锡多金属矿床与燕山期老君山花岗岩的岩浆活动密切相关。因此,燕山期是该区重要的一个成矿期。

  • 印支期:南温河花岗岩主要分布在矿集区的北部、东部、东南部地带,在印支期曾发生过强烈的区域变质作用(王学焜等,1994; Roger et al.,2000; Maluski et al.,2001),形成了超大型的南秧田钨矿床。地质学家对南秧田钨矿床开展了广泛研究,曾志刚等(1998)利用矽卡岩型矿石全岩Rb-Sr等时线法获得的年龄为214.25±15.6 Ma,冯佳睿等(2011)测定与矽卡岩型钨矿体中的辉钼矿年龄为214~209 Ma,李建康等(2013)对南秧田石英脉型矿体,利用白钨矿Sm-Nd法定年获得159±14 Ma的年龄值,明显晚于矽卡岩型矿体,但该矿床以矽卡岩型矿体为主,所以矽卡岩型钨矿化年龄可代表其主成矿期年龄,且与越南北部Song-Chay变质穹隆中变质成因的白云母40Ar-39Ar 年龄(234~228 Ma)(Roger et al.,2000)和角闪石40Ar-39Ar年龄(237±5 Ma)(Yan Danping et al.,2006)相一致。由此表明,南秧田矽卡岩型矿体主要与印支期区域变质作用和混合岩化热液活动有关(王学焜等,1994; 冯佳睿等,2011),显示该区存在印支期成矿事件。

  • 加里东期:冯明刚等(2000)报道了南温河系列花岗岩中的团田斑状片麻状花岗岩的锆石U-Pb同位素年龄为411 Ma,这与后来研究发现该区存在440~410 Ma岩浆锆石的事实相符(刘玉平等,2000; Lan Chingying et al.,2001)。Guo Liguo et al.(2009)采用SHRIMP锆石U-Pb法获得南温河片麻状花岗岩年龄为442.2~418 Ma。谭洪旗(2011)获得的南温河花岗岩SHRIMP锆石年龄约为441 Ma。以上结果与王丹丹等(2015)报道的锆石U-Pb年龄(417~402 Ma)和Xu Bin et al.(2016)获得的南温河花岗岩锆石U-Pb年龄(436~427 Ma)高度一致,表明南温河花岗岩形成于加里东期。随着南温河花岗岩的侵位,形成了不同规模的钨多金属矿床,笔者厘定的矿集区北缘成矿年龄值(新寨锡矿床419 Ma,Du Shengjiang et al.,2015; 三保锰银矿床436 Ma,Du Shengjiang et al.,2020; 马卡钨铍矿床402 Ma,笔者未发表数据),与南捞矿床的白钨矿Sm-Nd等时线年龄(445~411 Ma; 王大鹏等,2015; 刀学强等,2017)误差范围内相一致,揭示了老君山矿集区除分布有前人报道的燕山期、印支期成矿外,还存在一期重要的加里东期成矿(杜胜江,2015; Du Shengjiang et al.,2015)。此外,前人在南岭地区也发现存在部分加里东期花岗岩有关的钨锡矿床,但加里东期大花岗岩基成矿潜力有限,其内部及周缘高分异小岩体才是钨锡重要的找矿标志,认为变泥质岩部分熔融过程差异是控制成矿省尺度钨锡成矿解耦的重要机制(Yuan Shunda et al.,2018; Yuan Shunda et al.,2019)。同时,除加里东期矿床外,大多数钨锡矿床形成时代集中于侏罗纪和三叠纪(Zhao Panlao et al.,2022a; Zhao Panlao et al.,2022b),研究表明岩浆去气和硅酸盐部分熔融在锡矿化和钨-锡解耦过程中具有重要作用(Zhao Panlao et al.,2022b2022c)。

  • 综上,结合本文获得的长田W(Sn)矿床的白钨矿和萤石Sm-Nd同位素年龄,可知长田W(Sn)矿床附近的新寨锡矿床、三保锰银矿床及南捞钨矿床均形成于加里东期(Du Shengjiang et al.,2020),而本次获得的长田白钨矿Sm-Nd年龄为97 Ma,为典型的燕山期成矿,长田钨矿化要明显晚于附近的钨锡多金属矿床。空间上,长田矿区广泛分布有燕山期老君山花岗岩和加里东期南温河花岗岩,充分结合本文获得的白钨矿和萤石Sm-Nd同位素年龄97~79 Ma,表明长田W(Sn)矿床的形成应该主要受燕山期岩浆活动的驱动(图6),老君山花岗岩可能提供了成矿元素和热驱动力,对该矿床的钨矿化贡献较大,而与加里东期南温河花岗岩关系不大。

  • 图6 老君山矿集区成岩-成矿演化分布规律及长田矿床归属于燕山期成矿事件

  • Fig.6 Evolution-distribution rule of petrogenesis-mineralization in the Laojunshan ore district and the Changtian deposit belongs to the Yanshanian metallogenic event

  • Nd元素地球化学较为稳定,在区域变质、热液活动、蚀变改造过程中其同位素组成极少发生均一化(Farmer et al.,1987; Liu Yan et al.,2007; Barker et al.,2009)。因此,Nd同位素可以用来示踪沉淀白钨矿成矿流体的源区(彭建堂等,2008; Guo Liguo et al.,2016; Liu Yan et al.,2017)。如前所述,本研究获得了长田矿床的白钨矿Sm-Nd同位素等时线年龄(97 Ma)计算得出的εNd(0)为-18.2~-15.1,εNdt)为-17.6~-16.6,变化范围都相对较窄,表明样品源区相同。同时,对矿集区的花岗岩Nd同位素特征进行了梳理,燕山期老君山花岗岩体的εNdt)为-13~-6.9,普遍在-11.5左右;加里东期南温河花岗岩体的εNdt)为-9.4~-6.9,普遍在-7左右。以上数据显示长田白钨矿的ε Ndt)值(-17.6~-16.6)接近于老君山花岗岩的值,而与南温河花岗岩的值(-9.4~-6.9)差别较大,指示长田成矿物质可能主要来自燕山期的老君山花岗岩。

  • 为了更进一步制约该区成矿物质的来源,我们将长田白钨矿的εNdt)-(143Nd/144Nd)i同位素组成与矿集区内的老君山系列花岗岩和南温河系列花岗岩进行对比研究,显示长田白钨矿的投影点远离加里东期南温河系列花岗岩,而与老君山系列花岗岩较近。并且从演化特征上,长田白钨矿与燕山期老君山花岗岩具有极其相似的演化趋势特征(图7),因此,表明长田W(Sn)矿床的成矿作用可能与矿集区内的燕山期岩浆活动有关,而与加里东期岩浆活动关系不大。

  • 6 结论

  • (1)滇东南老君山矿集区北部长田W(Sn)矿床的白钨矿Sm-Nd同位素年龄为97±9 Ma,结合矿集区的区域资料,限定长田矿床主体成矿时代为燕山期。

  • 图7 长田矿床的白钨矿与燕山期老君山花岗岩和加里东期南温河花岗岩的Nd同位素特征对比及演化趋势

  • Fig.7 Nd isotope characteristics contrast between scheelite and the granite (Yanshanian Laojunshan granite and Caledonian Nanwenhe granite)

  • (2)长田W(Sn)矿床中与钨矿化共生的萤石Sm-Nd同位素年龄为78.8±3.2 Ma,略晚于白钨矿年龄,但均属于燕山期,这与野外地质产出特征相符,表明该矿床与钨矿化相关的萤石也形成于燕山期。

  • (3)长田矿床白钨矿和矿集区不同时代花岗岩的Nd同位素特征对比分析,显示长田白钨矿具有与燕山期花岗岩相似的Nd同位素演化趋势,表明长田矿床的钨成矿作用应该与燕山期老君山花岗岩密切相关,而与加里东期南温河花岗岩关系不大。

  • 致谢:野外坑道样品采集工作得到了云南麻栗坡溢岭公司的大力支持和帮助;样品测试过程中得到了中国地质调查局天津地质调查中心刘文刚博士的大力支持;审稿专家提出了宝贵的修改意见。在此一并致以诚挚的谢意。

  • 注释

  • ❶ 麻栗坡溢岭公司.2009. 麻栗坡溢岭公司长田矿区2009年总测图.

  • ❷ 云南华联矿产勘探有限责任公司.2017. 云南省马关县都龙锡锌矿区区域地质图.

  • 参考文献

    • Barker S L L, Bennett V C, Cox S F, Norman M D, Gagan M K. 2009. Sm-Nd, Sr, C and O isotope systematics in hydrothermal calcite-fluorite veins: Implications for fluid-rock reaction and geochronology. Chemical Geology, 268(1-2): 58~66.

    • Charvet J, Shu L, Faure M, Choulet F, Wang B, Lu H, Breton N L. 2010. Structural development of the Lower Paleozoic belt of South China: Genesis of an intracontinental orogen. Journal of Asian Earth Sciences, 39(4): 309~330.

    • Cheng Yanbo, Mao Jingwen. 2010. Age and geochemistry of granites in Gejiu area, Yunnan Province, SW China: Constraints on their petrogenesis and tectonic setting. Lithos, 120(3-4): 258~276.

    • Cherniak D J, Zhang X Y, Wayne N K, Watson E B. 2001. Sr, Y, and REE diffusion in fluorite. Chemical Geology, 181(1-4): 99~111.

    • Chesley J T, Halliday A N, Kyser T K, Spry P G. 1994. Direct dating of Mississippi valley-type mineralization, use of Sm-Nd in fluorite. Economic Geology, 89(5): 1192~1199.

    • Chu Zhuyin, Yan Yan, Chen Zhi, Guo Jinghui, Yang Yueheng, Li Chaofeng, Zhang Yanbin. 2015. A comprehensive method for precise determination of Re, Os, Ir, Ru, Pt, Pd concentrations and Os isotopic compositions in geological samples. Geostandards and Geoanalytical Research, 39(2): 151~169.

    • Dao Xueqiang, Li Shanzhi, Wei Wenbiao, Han Honglin. 2017. Discussion on tungsten deposits in the west of Laojun Mountain in Southeast Yunnan. World Nonferrous Metals, 8: 296~298 (in Chinese with English abstract).

    • Deng Jun, Wang Changming, Bagas L, Carranza E J M, Lu Yongjun. 2015. Cretaceous-Cenozoic tectonic history of the Jiaojia fault and gold mineralization in the Jiaodong Peninsula, China: Constraints from zircon U-Pb, illite K-Ar, and apatite fission track thermochronometry. Mineralium Deposita, 50(8): 987~1006.

    • Douville E, Bienvenu P, Charlou J L, Donval J P, Fouquet Y, Appriou P, Gamo T. 1999. Yttrium and rare earth elements in fluids from various deep-sea hydrothermal systems. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 63(5): 627~643.

    • Du Shengjiang. 2015. Metallogenic regularity and dynamic background of the W-Sn polymetallic deposits in the Laojunshan ore concentration area, SE Yunnan Province, China. PhD dissertation of Institute of Geochemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences (in Chinese with English abstract).

    • Du Shengjiang, Wen Hanjie, Qin Chaojian, Yan Yongfeng, Yang Guangshu, Feng Pengyu. 2014. Occurrence of beryllium in the Maka Tungsten polymetallic deposit in Malipo County, Yunnan Province and its significance. Acta Mineralogica Sinica, 34(4): 446~450 (in Chinese with English abstract).

    • Du Shengjiang, Wen Hanjie, Qin Chaojian, Yan Yongfeng, Yang Guangshu, Fan Haifeng, Zhang Wenjiang, Zhang Lei, Wang Dong, Li Huaikun, Geng Jianzhen, Meng Guangzhi. 2015. Caledonian ore-forming event in the Laojunshan mining district, SE Yunnan Province, China: In situ LA-MC-ICP-MS U-Pb dating on cassiterite. Geochemical Journal, 49(1): 11~22.

    • Du Shengjiang, Wen Hanjie, Liu Shirong, Qin Chaojian, Yan Yongfeng, Yang Guangshu, Feng Pengyu. 2020. Mineralogy and metallogenesis of the Sanbao Mn-Ag (Zn-Pb) deposit in the Laojunshan ore district, SE Yunnan Province, China. Minerals, 10(8): 650.

    • Du Shengjiang, Wen Hanjie, Zhang Jinrang, Qin Chaojian, Luo Chongguang. 2022. Study on isotope chronology of the granites occurred in the Maka W-Be polymetallic deposit, in the Laojunshan mining district, SE Yunnan Province, China. Acta Mineralogica Sinica, 42(3): 257~269 (in Chinese with English abstract).

    • Farmer G L, DePaolo D J. 1987. Nd and Sr isotope study of hydrothermally altered granite at San Manuel, Arizona: Implications for element migration paths during the formation of porphyry copper ore deposits. Economic Geology, 82(5): 1142~1151.

    • Feng Jiarui. 2011. The ore-forming fluid and metallogenesis of Nanyangtian tungsten deposit in Malipo, Yunnan Province, China. PhD dissertation of Chinese Academy of Geological Sciences (in Chinese with English abstract).

    • Feng Jiarui, Mao Jingwen, Pei Rongfu, Zhou Zhenghua, Yang Zongxi. 2010. SHRIMP zircon U-Pb dating and geochemical characteristics of Laojunshan granite intrusion from the Wazha tungsten deposit, Yunnan Province and their implications for petrogenesis. Acta Petrologica Sinica, 26(3): 845~857 (in Chinese with English abstract).

    • Feng Jiarui, Mao Jingwen, Pei Rongfu, Li Chao. 2011. A tentative discussion on Indosinian ore-forming events in Laojunshan area of southeastern Yunnan: A case study of Xinzhai tin deposit and Nanyangtian tungsten deposit. Mineral Deposits, 30(1): 57~73 (in Chinese with English abstract).

    • Feng Minggang, Zhang Shitao, Lu Wei. 2000. The characteristics and prospecting direction of the emerald deposit in China. Yunnan Geology, 19(1) : 37~42 (in Chinese with English abstract).

    • Guo Liguo, Liu Yuping, Li Chaoyang, Xu Wei, Ye Lin. 2009. SHRIMP zircon U-Pb geochronology and lithogeochemistry of Caledonian granites from the Laojunshan area, southeastern Yunnan Province, China: Implications for the collision between the Yangtze and Cathaysia blocks. Geochemical Journal, 43(2): 101~122.

    • Halliday A N, Shepherd T J, Dickin A P, Chesley J T. 1990. Sm-Nd evidence for the age and origin of a Mississippi Valley type ore deposit. Nature, 344(6261): 54~56.

    • Jia Fuju. 2010. Researches on metallogenic series and metallogenic regularities in Laojunshan metallogenic belt, Yunnan Province, China. PhD dissertation of Kunming University of Science and Technology (in Chinese with English abstract).

    • Lan Chingying, Chung Sunlin, Lo Chinghua, Lee Tungyi, Wang Peiling, Li Huimin, Toan D V. 2001. First evidence for Archean continental crust in northern Vietnam and its implications for crustal and tectonic evolution in Southeast Asia. Geology, 29(3): 219~222.

    • Lan Jiangbo, Liu Yuping, Ye Lin, Zhang Qian, Wang Dapeng, Su Hang. 2016. Geochemistry and age spectrum of Late Yanshanian granites from Laojunshan area, southeastern Yunnan Province, China. Acta Mineralogica Sinica, 36(4): 441~454 (in Chinese with English abstract).

    • Li Dongxu, Xu Shunshan. 2000. Rotation-shearing genesis of metamorphic core complex-structural analysis of metamorphic core complex in Laojunshan, Southeastern Yunnan Province. Geological Review, 46(2): 113~120 (in Chinese with English abstract).

    • Li Jiankang, Wang Denghong, Li Huaqin, Chen Zhenghui, Mei Yuping. 2013. Late Jurassic-early Crtaceous mineralization in the Laojunshan ore concentration area, Yunnan Province. Earth Science, 38(5): 1023~1036 (in Chinese with English abstract).

    • Li Longming, Sun Min, Wang Yuejun, Xing Guangfu, Zhao Guochun, Cai Keda, Zhang Yuzhi. 2011. Geochronological and geochemical study of Palaeoproterozoic gneissic granites and clinopyroxenite xenoliths from NW Fujian, SE China: Implications for the crustal evolution of the Cathaysia Block. Journal of Asian Earth Sciences, 41(2): 204~212.

    • Li Zhengxiang, Li Xianhua, Zhou Hanwen, Kinny P D. 2002. Grenvillian continental collision in south China: New SHRIMP U-Pb zircon results and implications for the configuration of Rodinia. Geology, 30(2): 163~166.

    • Li Zhichang, Wan Jianhua, Du Guomin. 1987. Sm-Nd isotopic isochron of fluorite. Geology and geochemistry, 9: 67~68 (in Chinese with English abstract).

    • Liu Shanbao, Liu Zhanqing, Wang Chenghui, Zhaozheng, Hu Zhenghua. 2017. Geochemical characteristics of REEs and trace elements and Sm-Nd dating of scheelite from the Zhuxi giant tungsten deposit in northeast Jiangxi. Earth Science, Frontiers, 24(5): 17~30 (in Chinese with English abstract).

    • Liu Wengang, Liu Hui, Li Guozhan, Zhou Hongying, Xiao Zhibin, Tu Jiarun, Li Huimin. 2017. The application of ion exchange resins in Sr-Nd isotopic assay of geological samples. Acta Geologica Sinica, 91(11): 2584~2592 (in Chinese with English abstract).

    • Liu Wengang, Li Guozhan, Liu Hui, Chen Yin, Xiao Zhibin, Zhou Hongying, Zhang Jian, Tu Jiarun, Li Huimin. 2018. Micro-fluorite sample digestion technology and high precision thermionic mass spectrometry determination for Sm-Nd isotopes. Acta Geoscientica Sinica, 39(1): 119~124 (in Chinese with English abstract).

    • Liu Yan, Deng Jun, Li Chaofeng, Shi Guanghai, Zheng Aili. 2007. REE composition in scheelite and scheelite Sm-Nd dating for the Xuebaoding W-Sn-Be deposit in Sichuan. Chinese Science Bulletin, 52(18): 2543~2550.

    • Liu Yan, Hou Zengqian. 2017. A synthesis of mineralization styles with an integrated genetic model of carbonatite-syenite-hosted REE deposits in the Cenozoic Mianning-Dechang REE metallogenic belt, the eastern Tibetan Plateau, southwestern China. Journal of Asian Earth Sciences, 137: 35~79.

    • Liu Yan, Chakhmouradian A R, Hou Zengqian, Song Wenlei, Kynický J. 2019. Development of REE mineralization in the giant Maoniuping deposit (Sichuan, China): Insights from mineralogy, fluid inclusions, and trace-element geochemistry. Mineralium Deposita, 54(5): 701~718.

    • Liu Yuping, Li Chaoyang, Zeng Zhigang. 1999. The metallogenic epoch and ore-forming metal source of some large and superlarge deposits in Laojunshan, Yunnan: Evidence from Rb-Sr isotopic studies. Chinese Science Bulletin-English Edition, 44: 30~31.

    • Liu Yuping, Li Chaoyang, Gu Tuan, Wang Jinliang. 2000. Lead isotopic characteristics and age assignment of moderate to high-grade metamorphic rock series in Laojunshan, Southeastern Yunnan. Acta Mineralogica Sinica, 20(3): 228~232 (in Chinese with English abstract).

    • Liu Yuping, Ye Lin, Li Chaoyang, Hu Ruizhong. 2003. Laojunshan-Song Chay metamorphic core complex and its tectonic significance. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta Supplement, 67: 259.

    • Liu Yuping, Li Zhengxiang, Li Huimin, Guo Liguo, Xu Wei, Ye Lin, Li Chaoyang, Pi Daohui. 2007. U-Pb geochronology of cassiterite and zircon from the Dulong Sn-Zn deposit: Evidence for Cretaceous large-scale granitic magmatism and mineralization events in southeastern Yunnan Province, China. Acta Petrologica Sinica, 23(5): 967~976 (in Chinese with English abstract).

    • Liu Yuping, Li Zhengxiang, Ye Lin, Tan Hongqi, Li Chaoyang. 2011. Ar-Ar chronology of tungsten mineralizationin in the Laojunshan concentration area, southeastern Yunnan. Acta Mineralogica Sinica, 31: 617~618 (in Chinese with English abstract).

    • Maluski H, Lepvrier C, Jolivet L, Carter A, Roques D, Beyssac O, Tang T T, Thang N D, Avigad D. 2001. Ar-Ar and fission-track ages in the Song Chay massif: Early Triassic and Cenozoic tectonics in northern Vietnam. Journal of Asian Earth Sciences. 19(1): 233~248.

    • Mao Jingwen, Cheng Yanbo, Chen Maohong, Pirajno F. 2013. Major types and time-space distribution of Mesozoic ore deposits in South China and their geodynamic settings. Mineralium Deposita, 48(3): 267~294.

    • McNaughton N J, Rasmussen B. 2018. Geochemical characterization of xenotime formation environments using U-Th. Chemical Geology, 484: 109~119.

    • Mei Yanxiong, Pei Rongfu, Yang Defeng, Dai Zixi, Li Jinwen, Xu Congrong. 2009. Global metallogenic domains and districts. Mineral Deposits, 4: 383~389 (in Chinese with English abstract).

    • Menuge J F, Feely M. 1997. Origin and granite alteration effects of hydrothermal fluid: Isotopic evidence from fluorite veins, Co. Galway, Ireland. Mineralium Deposita, 32(1) : 34~43.

    • Michard A. 1989. Rare earth element systematics in hydrothermal fluids. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 53(3): 745~750.

    • Michard A, Albarède F. 1986. The REE content of some hydrothermal fluids. Chemical Geology, 55(1-2): 51~60.

    • Peng Jiantang, Hu Ruizhong, Burnard P G. 2003a. Samarium-neodymium isotope systematics of hydrothermal calcites from the Xikuangshan antimony deposit (Hunan, China): The potential of calcite as a geochronometer. Chemical Geology, 200(1-2): 129~136.

    • Peng Jiantang, Hu Ruizhong, Jiang Guohao. 2003b. Samarium-Neodymium isotope system of fluorites from the Qinglong antimony deposit, Guizhou Province: Constrains on the mineralizing age and ore-forming materials` sources. Acta Petrologica Sinica, 19(4): 785~791 (in Chinese with English abstract).

    • Peng Jiantang, Hu Ruizhong, Zhao Junhong, Fu Yazhou, Lin Yuanxian. 2003c. Sm-Nd and Ar-Ar dating of scheelite from the Woxi Au-Sb-W deposite in West Hunan. Chinese Science Bulletin, 48(18): 1976~1981 (in Chinese with English abstract).

    • Peng Jiantang, Zhang Dongliang, Hu Ruizhong, Wu Mengjun, Lin Yuanxian. 2008. Sm-Nd and Sr isotope geochemistry of hydrothermal scheelite from the Zhazixi W-Sb deposit, Western Hunan. Acta Geologica Sinica, 82(11): 1514~1521 (in Chinese with English abstract).

    • Peng Jiantang, Wang Chuan, Li Yukun, Hu A`xiang, Lu Yulong, Chen Xianjia. 2021. Geochemical characteristics and Sm-Nd geochronology of scheelite in the Baojinshan ore district, central Hunan. Acta Petrologica Sinica, 37(3): 665~682 (in Chinese with English abstract).

    • Qiu Huaning. 1999. 40Ar-39Ar technique for dating the fluid inclusions by crushing in vacuum and its developing applications on determining the mineralizing ages of the ore deposits. Bulletin of Mineralogy, Petrology and Geochemistry. 18(2): 3~10 (in Chinese with English abstract).

    • Qiu Huaning, Bai Xiujuan. 2019. Fluid inclusions40Ar-39Ar dating technique and its applications. Earth Science. 44(3): 685~697 (in Chinese with English abstract).

    • Que Chaoyang. 2016. Tungsten metallogenic system and prospecting direction in the Nanwenhe-Saxi area, Malipo County, Yunnan Province. PhD dissertation of China University of Geosciences (Beijing)(in Chinese with English abstract).

    • Ren Jishun. 1996. The continental tectonics of China. Journal of Southeast Asian Earth Sciences, 13(3): 197~204.

    • Roger F, Leloup P H, Jolivet M, Lacassin R, Trinh P T, Brunel M, Seward D. 2000. Long and complex thermal history of the Song Chay metamorphic dome (northern Vietnam) by multi-system geochronology. Tectonophysics. 321(4): 449~466.

    • Shu Liangshu, Charvet J, Shi Yangshen, Faure M, Cluzel D, Guo Lingzhi. 1991. Structural analysis of the Nanchang-Wanzai sinistral ductile shear zone (Jiangnan region, South China). Journal of Southeast Asian Earth Sciences, 6(1): 13~23.

    • Su Wenchao, Hu Ruizhong, Xia Bin, Xia Yong, Liu Yuping. 2009. Calcite Sm-Nd isochron age of the Shuiyindong Carlin-type gold deposit, Guizhou, China. Chemical Geology, 258(3-4): 269~274.

    • Tan Hongqi, Liu Yuping, Xu Wei, Guo Liguo, Ye Lin, Li Chaoyang. 2011. A study on SHRIMP and TIMS zircons dating on low-to medium-grade ortho-metamorphic rocks: example on the Nanwenhe granites, southeastern Yunnan Province, China. Acta Mineralogica Sinica, 31(1): 62~69 (in Chinese with English abstract).

    • Taylor R D, Goldfarb R J, Monecke T, Fletcher I R, Cosca M A, Kelly N M. 2015. Application of U-Th-Pb phosphate geochronology to young orogenic gold deposits: New age constraints on the formation of the Grass Valley gold district, Sierra Nevada Foothills Province, California. Economic Geology, 110(5): 1313~1337.

    • Tian Shihong, Gong Yingli, Yang Zhusen, Hou Zengqian, Liu Yingchao, Song Yucai, Xue Wanwen, Lu Haifeng, Wang Fuchun, Zhang Yubao, Zhu Tian, Yu Changjie. 2014. Rb-Sr and Sm-Nd isochron ages of the Dongmozhazhua and Mohailaheng Pb-Zn ore deposits in the Yushu area, southern Qinghai and their geological implications. Acta Geologica Sinica, 88(2): 558~569.

    • Tu Guangchi. 2002. Two unique mineralization areas in Southwest China. Bulletin of Mineralogy, Petrology and Geochemistry, 21(1): 1~2 (in Chinese with English abstract).

    • Wang Dandan, Li Baolong, Zhu Dequan, Zhang Chenggong, Zhang Xuecheng. 2015. Zircon U-Pb geochronology of metamorphic complex in the Laojunshan district, Southeastern Yunnan Province and its tectonic implication. Acta Geologica Sinica, 89(10): 1718~1734 (in Chinese with English abstract).

    • Wang Dapeng, Zhang Qian, Liu Yuping, Ye Lin, Lan Jiangbo. 2015. Diagenetic and metallogenic age constraints of the Maguan area, southeastern Yunnan Province. Acta Mineralogica Sinica, S1: 720 (in Chinese with English abstract).

    • Wang Xiaojuan, Liu Yuping, Miao Yingli, Bao Tan, Ye Lin, Zhang Qian. 2014. In-situ LA-MC-ICP-MS cassiterite U-Pb dating of Dulong Sn-Zn polymetallic deposit and its significance. Acta Petrologica Sinica, 30(3): 867~876 (in Chinese with English abstract).

    • Wang Xuekun. 1994. Geological-geochemical characteristics of Xinzhai tin deposit in Malipo. Yunnan Geology, 1(13): 1~15 (in Chinese with English abstract).

    • Wang Yuejun, Fan Weiming, Zhao Guochun, Ji Shaocheng, Peng Touping. 2007. Zircon U-Pb geochronology of gneissic rocks in the Yunkai massif and its implications on the Caledonian event in the South China Block. Gondwana Research, 12(4): 404~416.

    • Wang Yuejun, Zhang Aimei, Fan Weiming, Zhao Guochun, Zhang Guowei, Zhang Yuzhi, Zhang Feifei, Li Sanzhong. 2011. Kwangsian crustal anatexis within the eastern South China Block: Geochemical, zircon U-Pb geochronological and Hf isotopic fingerprints from the gneissoid granites of Wugong and Wuyi-Yunkai Domains. Lithos, 127(1): 239~260.

    • Wu Genyao. 2001. Indosinian foreland fold-and-thrust belt bordering Yunnan and Guangxi, China. Chinese Journal of Geology (Scientia Geologica Sinica), 1: 64~71 (in Chinese with English abstract).

    • Xiong Yiqu, Shao Yongjun, Mao Jingwen, Wu Shichong, Zhou Haodi, Zheng Minghong. 2019. The polymetallic magmatic-hydrothermal Xiangdong and Dalong systems in the W-Sn-Cu-Pb-Zn-Ag Dengfuxian orefield, SE China: Constraints from geology, fluid inclusions, H-O-S-Pb isotopes, and sphalerite Rb-Sr geochronology. Mineralium Deposita, 54(8): 1~24.

    • Xu Bin, Jiang Shaoyong, Wang Rong, Ma Liangma, Zhao Kuidong, Yan Xiong. 2015. Late Cretaceous granites from the giant Dulong Sn-polymetallic ore district in Yunnan Province, South China: Geochronology, geochemistry, mineral chemistry and Nd-Hf isotopic compositions. Lithos, 218: 54~72.

    • Xu Bin, Jiang Shaoyong, Hofmann A W, Wang Rong, Yang Shuiyuan, Zhao Kuidong. 2016. Geochronology and geochemical constraints on petrogenesis of Early Paleozoic granites from the Laojunshan district in Yunnan Province of South China. Gondwana Research, 29(1): 248~263.

    • Xu Cheng, Huang Zhinlong, Qi Liang, Xiao Huayun, Li Wenbo, Liu Congqiang. 2002. REE and isotopic geochemistry of fluorites in the Maoniuping rare-earth deposit, Sichuan Province. Geochimica, 31 (2): 180~190 (in Chinese with English abstract).

    • Yan Danping, Zhou Meifu, Song Honglin, Wang Xinwen, Malpas J. 2003. Origin and tectonic significance of a Mesozoic multi-layer over-thrust system within the Yangtze Block (South China). Tectonophysics, 361(3): 239~254.

    • Yan Danping, Zhou Meifu, Wang Christinayan, Xia Bin. 2006. Structural and geochronological constraints on the tectonic evolution of the Dulong-Song Chay tectonic dome in Yunnan Province, SW China. Journal of Asian Earth Sciences, 28(4): 332~353.

    • Yang Guangshu, Wang Kai, Yan Yongfeng, Jia Fuju, Li Piyou, Mao Zhibo, Zhou Yan. 2019b. Genesis of the ore-bearing skarns in Laojunshan Sn-W-Zn-In polymetallic ore district, southeastern Yunnan Province, China. Acta Petrologica Sinica, 35(11): 3333~3354 (in Chinese with English abstract).

    • Yang Guangshu, Wen Hanjie, Ren Tao, Xu Saihua, Wang Caiyan. 2019a. Geochronology, geochemistry and Hf isotopic composition of Late Cretaceous Laojunshan granites in the western Cathaysia block of South China and their metallogenic and tectonic implications. Ore Geology Reviews, 117: 1~15.

    • Yang Jinhui, Zhou Xinhua. 2001. Rb-Sr, Sm-Nd, and Pb isotope systematics of pyrite: Implications for the age and genesis of lode gold deposits. Geology, 29(8): 711~714.

    • Yang Liqiang, Deng Jun, Goldfarb R J, Zhang Jing, Gao Bangfei, Wang Zhongliang. 2014. 40Ar/39Ar geochronological constraints on the formation of the Dayingezhuang gold deposit: New implications for timing and duration of hydrothermal activity in the Jiaodong gold province, China. Gondwana Research, 25(4): 1469~1483.

    • Yu Haocheng, Li Jun, Qiu Kunfeng, Gou Zongyang, Geng Jianzhen, Liu Wengang, Pang Yao, Wang Boxiong. 2019. Sm-Nd isotope geochemistry of dolomite in the giant Zaozigou Au-Sb deposit, West Qinling, China. Acta Petrologica Sinica, 35(5): 1519~1531 (in Chinese with English abstract).

    • Yuan Shunda, Williams-Jones A E, Mao Jingwen, Zhao Panlao, Yan Chen, Zhang Dongliang. 2018. The origin of the Zhangjialong tungsten deposit, South China: Implications for W-Sn mineralization in large granite batholiths. Economic Geology, 113(5): 1193~1208.

    • Yuan Shunda, Williams-Jones A E, Romer R L, Zhao Panlao, Mao Jingwen. 2019. Protolith-related thermal controls on the decoupling of Sn and W in Sn-W metallogenic provinces: Insights from the Nanling region, China. Economic Geology, 114(5): 1005~1012.

    • Zeng Zhigang, Li Chaoyang, Liu Yuping, Tu Guangchi. 1998. REE geochemistry of scheelite of two genetic types from Nanyangtian, Southeastern Yunnan. Geology and Geochemistry, 26(2): 34~38 (in Chinese with English abstract).

    • Zhang Bin, Zhang Binhui, Chen Minhua. 2016. Pedogeochemical anomalies and Prospecting of the Changtian W-polymetallic deposit. Acta Geologica Sichuan, 36(4): 667~671 (in Chinese with English abstract).

    • Zhang Shitao, Feng Minggang, Lü Wei. 1998. Analysis of the Nanwenhe metamorphic core complex in Southeastern Yunnan. Geological Bulletin of China, 17(4): 390~397 (in Chinese with English abstract).

    • Zhao Panlao, Chu Xu, Williams-Jones A E, Mao Jingwen, Yuan Shunda. 2022a. The role of phyllosilicate partial melting in segregating tungsten and tin deposits in W-Sn metallogenic provinces. Geology, 50(1): 121~125.

    • Zhao Panlao, Yuan Shunda, Williams-Jones A E, Romer R L, Yan Chen, Song Shiwei, Mao Jingwen. 2022b. Temporal separation of W and Sn mineralization by temperature-controlled incongruent melting of a single protolith: Evidence from the Wangxianling area, Nanling region, South China. Economic Geology, 117(3): 667~682.

    • Zhao Panlao, Zajacz Z, Tsay A, Yuan Shunda. 2022c. Magmatic-hydrothermal tin deposits form in response to efficient tin extraction upon magma degassing. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 316: 331~346.

    • Zhao Zhenyu. 2017. The magmatism and genesis of Dulong Zn-Sn polymetallic deposit in Maguan, Yunnan Province. PhD dissertation of China University of Geosciences (Beijing)(in Chinese with English abstract).

    • Zhong Dalai, Wu Genyao, Ji Jianqing, Zhang Qi, Ding Lin. 1998. Ophiolite was discovered in Southeast Yunnan. Chinese Science Bulletin, 13: 1365~1370 (in Chinese with English abstract).

    • 刀学强, 李山志, 韦文彪, 韩红林. 2017. 滇东南老君山西部钨矿类型探讨. 世界有色金属, 8: 296~298.

    • 杜胜江. 2015. 滇东南老君山钨锡多金属矿集区成矿规律及动力学背景. 中国科学院地球化学研究所博士学位论文.

    • 杜胜江, 温汉捷, 秦朝建, 燕永锋, 杨光树, 冯鹏宇. 2014. 云南麻栗坡县马卡钨多金属矿床中铍赋存状态研究及意义. 矿物学报, 34(4): 446~450.

    • 杜胜江, 温汉捷, 张锦让, 秦朝建, 罗重光. 2022. 滇东南老君山矿集区马卡钨铍稀有金属矿床花岗岩年代学归属. 矿物学报, 42(3): 257~269.

    • 冯佳睿. 2011. 云南麻栗坡南秧田钨矿床成矿流体特征与成矿作用. 中国地质科学院博士学位论文.

    • 冯佳睿, 毛景文, 裴荣富, 周振华, 杨宗喜. 2010. 云南瓦渣钨矿区老君山花岗岩体的SHRIMP锆石U-Pb 定年、地球化学特征及成因探讨. 岩石学报, 26(3): 845~857.

    • 冯佳睿, 毛景文, 裴荣富, 李超. 2011. 滇东南老君山地区印支期成矿事件初探——以新寨锡矿床和南秧田钨矿床为例. 矿床地质, 30(1): 57~73.

    • 冯明刚, 张世涛, 吕伟. 2000. 中国祖母绿矿床地质特征及其找矿方向. 云南地质, 19(1): 37~42.

    • 贾福聚. 2010. 云南老君山成矿区成矿系列及成矿规律研究. 昆明理工大学博士学位论文.

    • 蓝江波, 刘玉平, 叶霖, 张乾, 王大鹏, 苏航. 2016. 滇东南燕山晚期老君山花岗岩的地球化学特征与年龄谱系. 矿物学报, 36(4) : 441~454.

    • 李东旭, 许顺山. 2000. 变质核杂岩的旋扭成因——滇东南老君山变质核杂岩的构造解析. 地质论评, 46(2) : 113~120.

    • 李建康, 王登红, 李华芹, 陈郑辉, 梅玉萍. 2013. 云南老君山矿集区的晚侏罗世—早白垩世成矿事件. 地球科学(中国地质大学学报), 38(5): 1023~1036.

    • 刘善宝, 刘战庆, 王成辉, 王登红, 赵正, 胡正华. 2017. 赣东北朱溪超大型钨矿床中白钨矿的稀土、微量元素地球化学特征及其Sm-Nd 定年. 地学前缘, 24(5): 17~30.

    • 刘文刚, 刘卉, 李国占, 周红英, 肖志斌, 涂家润, 李惠民. 2017. 离子交换树脂在地质样品Sr-Nd同位素测定中的应用. 地质学报, 91(11): 2584~2592.

    • 刘文刚, 李国占, 刘卉, 陈印, 肖志斌, 周红英, 张健, 涂家润, 李惠民. 2018. 微量萤石样品消解技术及其Sm-Nd同位素高精度热离子质谱法测试. 地球学报, 39(1): 119~124.

    • 刘玉平, 李朝阳, 谷团, 王金良. 2000. 滇东南老君山中—深变质岩系铅同位素特征及时代归属. 矿物学报, 20(3): 228~232.

    • 刘玉平, 李正祥, 李惠民, 郭利果, 徐伟, 叶霖, 李朝阳, 皮道会. 2007. 都龙锡锌矿床锡石和锆石U-Pb年代学: 滇东南白垩纪大规模花岗岩成岩-成矿事件. 岩石学报, 23(5): 967~976.

    • 刘玉平, 李正祥, 叶霖, 谭洪旗, 李朝阳. 2011. 滇东南老君山矿集区钨成矿作用 Ar-Ar 年代学. 矿物学报, 31: 617~618.

    • 李志昌, 万建华, 杜国民. 1987. 萤石Sm-Nd等时线. 地质地球化学, 9: 67~68.

    • 梅燕雄, 裴荣富, 杨德凤, 戴自希, 李进文, 徐丛荣, 瞿泓滢. 2009. 全球成矿域和成矿区带. 矿床地质, 4: 383~389.

    • 彭建堂, 胡瑞忠, 蒋国豪. 2003b. 萤石Sm-Nd 同位素体系对晴隆锑矿成矿时代和物源的制约. 岩石学报, 19(4): 785~791.

    • 彭建堂, 胡瑞忠, 赵军红, 符亚洲, 林源贤. 2003c. 湘西沃溪Au-Sb-W矿床中白钨矿Sm-Nd和石英Ar-Ar 定年. 科学通报, 48(18): 1976~1981.

    • 彭建堂, 张东亮, 胡瑞忠, 吴梦军, 林源贤. 2008. 湘西渣滓溪钨锑矿床白钨矿的 Sm-Nd和Sr同位素地球化学. 地质学报, 82(11): 1514~1521.

    • 彭建堂, 王川, 李玉坤, 胡阿香, 鲁玉龙, 陈宪佳. 2021. 湖南包金山矿区白钨矿的地球化学特征及Sm-Nd同位素年代学. 岩石学报, 37(3): 665~682.

    • 邱华宁. 1999. 流体包裹体40Ar-39Ar计时技术及其矿床定年应用. 矿物岩石地球化学通报, 18(2): 3~10.

    • 邱华宁, 白秀娟. 2019. 流体包裹体40Ar/39Ar定年技术与应用. 地球科学, 44(3): 685~697.

    • 阙朝阳. 2016. 云南麻栗坡南温河—洒西一带钨成矿系统及找矿方向研究. 中国地质大学(北京)博士学位论文.

    • 谭洪旗, 刘玉平, 徐伟, 郭利果, 叶霖, 李朝阳. 2011. 中-浅正变质岩锆石SHRIMP法与TIMS法测年结果不一致处理——以滇东南南温河花岗岩为例. 矿物学报, 31(1): 62~69.

    • 涂光炽. 2002. 我国西南地区两个别具一格的成矿带 (域). 矿物岩石地球化学通报, 21(1): 1~2.

    • 王丹丹, 李宝龙, 朱德全, 张承功, 张学成. 2015. 滇东南老君山地区变质岩锆石U-Pb年代学及其构造意义. 地质学报, 89(10): 1718~1734.

    • 王大鹏, 张乾, 刘玉平, 叶霖, 蓝江波. 2015. 滇东南马关县南捞地区成岩、成矿时代约束. 矿物学报, S1: 720.

    • 王小娟, 刘玉平, 缪应理, 鲍谈, 叶霖, 张乾. 2014. 都龙锡锌多金属矿床LA-MC-ICPMS锡石U-Pb测年及其意义. 岩石学报, 30(3): 867~876.

    • 王学焜. 1994. 麻栗坡新寨锡矿床地质地球化学特征. 云南地质, 1(13): 1~15.

    • 吴根耀. 2001. 滇桂交界区印支期前陆褶皱冲断带. 地质科学, 1: 64~71.

    • 许成, 黄智龙, 漆亮, 肖化云, 李文博, 刘丛强. 2002. 四川牦牛坪稀土矿床萤石稀土元素、同位素地球化学. 地球化学, 31 (2): 180~190.

    • 杨光树, 王凯, 燕永锋, 贾福聚, 李丕优, 毛致博, 周艳. 2019b. 滇东南老君山锡-钨-锌-铟多金属矿集区含矿矽卡岩成因研究. 岩石学报, 35(11): 3333~3354.

    • 于皓丞, 李俊, 邱昆峰, 勾宗洋, 耿建珍, 刘文刚, 庞瑶, 王博雄. 2019. 西秦岭甘南早子沟金锑矿床白云石Sm-Nd同位素地球化学及其意义. 岩石学报, 35(5): 1519~1531.

    • 曾志刚, 李朝阳, 刘玉平, 涂光炽. 1998. 滇东南南秧田两种不同成因类型白钨矿的稀土元素地球化学特征. 地质地球化学, 26(2): 34~38.

    • 张彬, 张斌辉, 陈敏华. 2016. 长田钨多金属矿土壤地球化学异常特征及找矿. 四川地质学报, 36(4): 667~671.

    • 张东亮. 2009. 矿物中稀土元素扩散作用的理论研究: 兼论白钨矿Sm-Nd定年方法的可靠性. 中国科学院地球化学研究所博士学位论.

    • 张世涛, 冯明刚, 吕伟. 1998. 滇东南南温河变质核杂岩解析. 中国区域地质, 17(4): 390~397.

    • 赵震宇. 2017. 云南省马关县都龙锌锡多金属矿床——岩浆作用及矿床成因研究. 中国地质大学 (北京)博士学位论文.

    • 锺大赉, 吴根耀, 季建清, 张旗, 丁林. 1998. 滇东南发现蛇绿岩. 科学通报, 13: 1365~1370.

  • 参考文献

    • Barker S L L, Bennett V C, Cox S F, Norman M D, Gagan M K. 2009. Sm-Nd, Sr, C and O isotope systematics in hydrothermal calcite-fluorite veins: Implications for fluid-rock reaction and geochronology. Chemical Geology, 268(1-2): 58~66.

    • Charvet J, Shu L, Faure M, Choulet F, Wang B, Lu H, Breton N L. 2010. Structural development of the Lower Paleozoic belt of South China: Genesis of an intracontinental orogen. Journal of Asian Earth Sciences, 39(4): 309~330.

    • Cheng Yanbo, Mao Jingwen. 2010. Age and geochemistry of granites in Gejiu area, Yunnan Province, SW China: Constraints on their petrogenesis and tectonic setting. Lithos, 120(3-4): 258~276.

    • Cherniak D J, Zhang X Y, Wayne N K, Watson E B. 2001. Sr, Y, and REE diffusion in fluorite. Chemical Geology, 181(1-4): 99~111.

    • Chesley J T, Halliday A N, Kyser T K, Spry P G. 1994. Direct dating of Mississippi valley-type mineralization, use of Sm-Nd in fluorite. Economic Geology, 89(5): 1192~1199.

    • Chu Zhuyin, Yan Yan, Chen Zhi, Guo Jinghui, Yang Yueheng, Li Chaofeng, Zhang Yanbin. 2015. A comprehensive method for precise determination of Re, Os, Ir, Ru, Pt, Pd concentrations and Os isotopic compositions in geological samples. Geostandards and Geoanalytical Research, 39(2): 151~169.

    • Dao Xueqiang, Li Shanzhi, Wei Wenbiao, Han Honglin. 2017. Discussion on tungsten deposits in the west of Laojun Mountain in Southeast Yunnan. World Nonferrous Metals, 8: 296~298 (in Chinese with English abstract).

    • Deng Jun, Wang Changming, Bagas L, Carranza E J M, Lu Yongjun. 2015. Cretaceous-Cenozoic tectonic history of the Jiaojia fault and gold mineralization in the Jiaodong Peninsula, China: Constraints from zircon U-Pb, illite K-Ar, and apatite fission track thermochronometry. Mineralium Deposita, 50(8): 987~1006.

    • Douville E, Bienvenu P, Charlou J L, Donval J P, Fouquet Y, Appriou P, Gamo T. 1999. Yttrium and rare earth elements in fluids from various deep-sea hydrothermal systems. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 63(5): 627~643.

    • Du Shengjiang. 2015. Metallogenic regularity and dynamic background of the W-Sn polymetallic deposits in the Laojunshan ore concentration area, SE Yunnan Province, China. PhD dissertation of Institute of Geochemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences (in Chinese with English abstract).

    • Du Shengjiang, Wen Hanjie, Qin Chaojian, Yan Yongfeng, Yang Guangshu, Feng Pengyu. 2014. Occurrence of beryllium in the Maka Tungsten polymetallic deposit in Malipo County, Yunnan Province and its significance. Acta Mineralogica Sinica, 34(4): 446~450 (in Chinese with English abstract).

    • Du Shengjiang, Wen Hanjie, Qin Chaojian, Yan Yongfeng, Yang Guangshu, Fan Haifeng, Zhang Wenjiang, Zhang Lei, Wang Dong, Li Huaikun, Geng Jianzhen, Meng Guangzhi. 2015. Caledonian ore-forming event in the Laojunshan mining district, SE Yunnan Province, China: In situ LA-MC-ICP-MS U-Pb dating on cassiterite. Geochemical Journal, 49(1): 11~22.

    • Du Shengjiang, Wen Hanjie, Liu Shirong, Qin Chaojian, Yan Yongfeng, Yang Guangshu, Feng Pengyu. 2020. Mineralogy and metallogenesis of the Sanbao Mn-Ag (Zn-Pb) deposit in the Laojunshan ore district, SE Yunnan Province, China. Minerals, 10(8): 650.

    • Du Shengjiang, Wen Hanjie, Zhang Jinrang, Qin Chaojian, Luo Chongguang. 2022. Study on isotope chronology of the granites occurred in the Maka W-Be polymetallic deposit, in the Laojunshan mining district, SE Yunnan Province, China. Acta Mineralogica Sinica, 42(3): 257~269 (in Chinese with English abstract).

    • Farmer G L, DePaolo D J. 1987. Nd and Sr isotope study of hydrothermally altered granite at San Manuel, Arizona: Implications for element migration paths during the formation of porphyry copper ore deposits. Economic Geology, 82(5): 1142~1151.

    • Feng Jiarui. 2011. The ore-forming fluid and metallogenesis of Nanyangtian tungsten deposit in Malipo, Yunnan Province, China. PhD dissertation of Chinese Academy of Geological Sciences (in Chinese with English abstract).

    • Feng Jiarui, Mao Jingwen, Pei Rongfu, Zhou Zhenghua, Yang Zongxi. 2010. SHRIMP zircon U-Pb dating and geochemical characteristics of Laojunshan granite intrusion from the Wazha tungsten deposit, Yunnan Province and their implications for petrogenesis. Acta Petrologica Sinica, 26(3): 845~857 (in Chinese with English abstract).

    • Feng Jiarui, Mao Jingwen, Pei Rongfu, Li Chao. 2011. A tentative discussion on Indosinian ore-forming events in Laojunshan area of southeastern Yunnan: A case study of Xinzhai tin deposit and Nanyangtian tungsten deposit. Mineral Deposits, 30(1): 57~73 (in Chinese with English abstract).

    • Feng Minggang, Zhang Shitao, Lu Wei. 2000. The characteristics and prospecting direction of the emerald deposit in China. Yunnan Geology, 19(1) : 37~42 (in Chinese with English abstract).

    • Guo Liguo, Liu Yuping, Li Chaoyang, Xu Wei, Ye Lin. 2009. SHRIMP zircon U-Pb geochronology and lithogeochemistry of Caledonian granites from the Laojunshan area, southeastern Yunnan Province, China: Implications for the collision between the Yangtze and Cathaysia blocks. Geochemical Journal, 43(2): 101~122.

    • Halliday A N, Shepherd T J, Dickin A P, Chesley J T. 1990. Sm-Nd evidence for the age and origin of a Mississippi Valley type ore deposit. Nature, 344(6261): 54~56.

    • Jia Fuju. 2010. Researches on metallogenic series and metallogenic regularities in Laojunshan metallogenic belt, Yunnan Province, China. PhD dissertation of Kunming University of Science and Technology (in Chinese with English abstract).

    • Lan Chingying, Chung Sunlin, Lo Chinghua, Lee Tungyi, Wang Peiling, Li Huimin, Toan D V. 2001. First evidence for Archean continental crust in northern Vietnam and its implications for crustal and tectonic evolution in Southeast Asia. Geology, 29(3): 219~222.

    • Lan Jiangbo, Liu Yuping, Ye Lin, Zhang Qian, Wang Dapeng, Su Hang. 2016. Geochemistry and age spectrum of Late Yanshanian granites from Laojunshan area, southeastern Yunnan Province, China. Acta Mineralogica Sinica, 36(4): 441~454 (in Chinese with English abstract).

    • Li Dongxu, Xu Shunshan. 2000. Rotation-shearing genesis of metamorphic core complex-structural analysis of metamorphic core complex in Laojunshan, Southeastern Yunnan Province. Geological Review, 46(2): 113~120 (in Chinese with English abstract).

    • Li Jiankang, Wang Denghong, Li Huaqin, Chen Zhenghui, Mei Yuping. 2013. Late Jurassic-early Crtaceous mineralization in the Laojunshan ore concentration area, Yunnan Province. Earth Science, 38(5): 1023~1036 (in Chinese with English abstract).

    • Li Longming, Sun Min, Wang Yuejun, Xing Guangfu, Zhao Guochun, Cai Keda, Zhang Yuzhi. 2011. Geochronological and geochemical study of Palaeoproterozoic gneissic granites and clinopyroxenite xenoliths from NW Fujian, SE China: Implications for the crustal evolution of the Cathaysia Block. Journal of Asian Earth Sciences, 41(2): 204~212.

    • Li Zhengxiang, Li Xianhua, Zhou Hanwen, Kinny P D. 2002. Grenvillian continental collision in south China: New SHRIMP U-Pb zircon results and implications for the configuration of Rodinia. Geology, 30(2): 163~166.

    • Li Zhichang, Wan Jianhua, Du Guomin. 1987. Sm-Nd isotopic isochron of fluorite. Geology and geochemistry, 9: 67~68 (in Chinese with English abstract).

    • Liu Shanbao, Liu Zhanqing, Wang Chenghui, Zhaozheng, Hu Zhenghua. 2017. Geochemical characteristics of REEs and trace elements and Sm-Nd dating of scheelite from the Zhuxi giant tungsten deposit in northeast Jiangxi. Earth Science, Frontiers, 24(5): 17~30 (in Chinese with English abstract).

    • Liu Wengang, Liu Hui, Li Guozhan, Zhou Hongying, Xiao Zhibin, Tu Jiarun, Li Huimin. 2017. The application of ion exchange resins in Sr-Nd isotopic assay of geological samples. Acta Geologica Sinica, 91(11): 2584~2592 (in Chinese with English abstract).

    • Liu Wengang, Li Guozhan, Liu Hui, Chen Yin, Xiao Zhibin, Zhou Hongying, Zhang Jian, Tu Jiarun, Li Huimin. 2018. Micro-fluorite sample digestion technology and high precision thermionic mass spectrometry determination for Sm-Nd isotopes. Acta Geoscientica Sinica, 39(1): 119~124 (in Chinese with English abstract).

    • Liu Yan, Deng Jun, Li Chaofeng, Shi Guanghai, Zheng Aili. 2007. REE composition in scheelite and scheelite Sm-Nd dating for the Xuebaoding W-Sn-Be deposit in Sichuan. Chinese Science Bulletin, 52(18): 2543~2550.

    • Liu Yan, Hou Zengqian. 2017. A synthesis of mineralization styles with an integrated genetic model of carbonatite-syenite-hosted REE deposits in the Cenozoic Mianning-Dechang REE metallogenic belt, the eastern Tibetan Plateau, southwestern China. Journal of Asian Earth Sciences, 137: 35~79.

    • Liu Yan, Chakhmouradian A R, Hou Zengqian, Song Wenlei, Kynický J. 2019. Development of REE mineralization in the giant Maoniuping deposit (Sichuan, China): Insights from mineralogy, fluid inclusions, and trace-element geochemistry. Mineralium Deposita, 54(5): 701~718.

    • Liu Yuping, Li Chaoyang, Zeng Zhigang. 1999. The metallogenic epoch and ore-forming metal source of some large and superlarge deposits in Laojunshan, Yunnan: Evidence from Rb-Sr isotopic studies. Chinese Science Bulletin-English Edition, 44: 30~31.

    • Liu Yuping, Li Chaoyang, Gu Tuan, Wang Jinliang. 2000. Lead isotopic characteristics and age assignment of moderate to high-grade metamorphic rock series in Laojunshan, Southeastern Yunnan. Acta Mineralogica Sinica, 20(3): 228~232 (in Chinese with English abstract).

    • Liu Yuping, Ye Lin, Li Chaoyang, Hu Ruizhong. 2003. Laojunshan-Song Chay metamorphic core complex and its tectonic significance. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta Supplement, 67: 259.

    • Liu Yuping, Li Zhengxiang, Li Huimin, Guo Liguo, Xu Wei, Ye Lin, Li Chaoyang, Pi Daohui. 2007. U-Pb geochronology of cassiterite and zircon from the Dulong Sn-Zn deposit: Evidence for Cretaceous large-scale granitic magmatism and mineralization events in southeastern Yunnan Province, China. Acta Petrologica Sinica, 23(5): 967~976 (in Chinese with English abstract).

    • Liu Yuping, Li Zhengxiang, Ye Lin, Tan Hongqi, Li Chaoyang. 2011. Ar-Ar chronology of tungsten mineralizationin in the Laojunshan concentration area, southeastern Yunnan. Acta Mineralogica Sinica, 31: 617~618 (in Chinese with English abstract).

    • Maluski H, Lepvrier C, Jolivet L, Carter A, Roques D, Beyssac O, Tang T T, Thang N D, Avigad D. 2001. Ar-Ar and fission-track ages in the Song Chay massif: Early Triassic and Cenozoic tectonics in northern Vietnam. Journal of Asian Earth Sciences. 19(1): 233~248.

    • Mao Jingwen, Cheng Yanbo, Chen Maohong, Pirajno F. 2013. Major types and time-space distribution of Mesozoic ore deposits in South China and their geodynamic settings. Mineralium Deposita, 48(3): 267~294.

    • McNaughton N J, Rasmussen B. 2018. Geochemical characterization of xenotime formation environments using U-Th. Chemical Geology, 484: 109~119.

    • Mei Yanxiong, Pei Rongfu, Yang Defeng, Dai Zixi, Li Jinwen, Xu Congrong. 2009. Global metallogenic domains and districts. Mineral Deposits, 4: 383~389 (in Chinese with English abstract).

    • Menuge J F, Feely M. 1997. Origin and granite alteration effects of hydrothermal fluid: Isotopic evidence from fluorite veins, Co. Galway, Ireland. Mineralium Deposita, 32(1) : 34~43.

    • Michard A. 1989. Rare earth element systematics in hydrothermal fluids. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 53(3): 745~750.

    • Michard A, Albarède F. 1986. The REE content of some hydrothermal fluids. Chemical Geology, 55(1-2): 51~60.

    • Peng Jiantang, Hu Ruizhong, Burnard P G. 2003a. Samarium-neodymium isotope systematics of hydrothermal calcites from the Xikuangshan antimony deposit (Hunan, China): The potential of calcite as a geochronometer. Chemical Geology, 200(1-2): 129~136.

    • Peng Jiantang, Hu Ruizhong, Jiang Guohao. 2003b. Samarium-Neodymium isotope system of fluorites from the Qinglong antimony deposit, Guizhou Province: Constrains on the mineralizing age and ore-forming materials` sources. Acta Petrologica Sinica, 19(4): 785~791 (in Chinese with English abstract).

    • Peng Jiantang, Hu Ruizhong, Zhao Junhong, Fu Yazhou, Lin Yuanxian. 2003c. Sm-Nd and Ar-Ar dating of scheelite from the Woxi Au-Sb-W deposite in West Hunan. Chinese Science Bulletin, 48(18): 1976~1981 (in Chinese with English abstract).

    • Peng Jiantang, Zhang Dongliang, Hu Ruizhong, Wu Mengjun, Lin Yuanxian. 2008. Sm-Nd and Sr isotope geochemistry of hydrothermal scheelite from the Zhazixi W-Sb deposit, Western Hunan. Acta Geologica Sinica, 82(11): 1514~1521 (in Chinese with English abstract).

    • Peng Jiantang, Wang Chuan, Li Yukun, Hu A`xiang, Lu Yulong, Chen Xianjia. 2021. Geochemical characteristics and Sm-Nd geochronology of scheelite in the Baojinshan ore district, central Hunan. Acta Petrologica Sinica, 37(3): 665~682 (in Chinese with English abstract).

    • Qiu Huaning. 1999. 40Ar-39Ar technique for dating the fluid inclusions by crushing in vacuum and its developing applications on determining the mineralizing ages of the ore deposits. Bulletin of Mineralogy, Petrology and Geochemistry. 18(2): 3~10 (in Chinese with English abstract).

    • Qiu Huaning, Bai Xiujuan. 2019. Fluid inclusions40Ar-39Ar dating technique and its applications. Earth Science. 44(3): 685~697 (in Chinese with English abstract).

    • Que Chaoyang. 2016. Tungsten metallogenic system and prospecting direction in the Nanwenhe-Saxi area, Malipo County, Yunnan Province. PhD dissertation of China University of Geosciences (Beijing)(in Chinese with English abstract).

    • Ren Jishun. 1996. The continental tectonics of China. Journal of Southeast Asian Earth Sciences, 13(3): 197~204.

    • Roger F, Leloup P H, Jolivet M, Lacassin R, Trinh P T, Brunel M, Seward D. 2000. Long and complex thermal history of the Song Chay metamorphic dome (northern Vietnam) by multi-system geochronology. Tectonophysics. 321(4): 449~466.

    • Shu Liangshu, Charvet J, Shi Yangshen, Faure M, Cluzel D, Guo Lingzhi. 1991. Structural analysis of the Nanchang-Wanzai sinistral ductile shear zone (Jiangnan region, South China). Journal of Southeast Asian Earth Sciences, 6(1): 13~23.

    • Su Wenchao, Hu Ruizhong, Xia Bin, Xia Yong, Liu Yuping. 2009. Calcite Sm-Nd isochron age of the Shuiyindong Carlin-type gold deposit, Guizhou, China. Chemical Geology, 258(3-4): 269~274.

    • Tan Hongqi, Liu Yuping, Xu Wei, Guo Liguo, Ye Lin, Li Chaoyang. 2011. A study on SHRIMP and TIMS zircons dating on low-to medium-grade ortho-metamorphic rocks: example on the Nanwenhe granites, southeastern Yunnan Province, China. Acta Mineralogica Sinica, 31(1): 62~69 (in Chinese with English abstract).

    • Taylor R D, Goldfarb R J, Monecke T, Fletcher I R, Cosca M A, Kelly N M. 2015. Application of U-Th-Pb phosphate geochronology to young orogenic gold deposits: New age constraints on the formation of the Grass Valley gold district, Sierra Nevada Foothills Province, California. Economic Geology, 110(5): 1313~1337.

    • Tian Shihong, Gong Yingli, Yang Zhusen, Hou Zengqian, Liu Yingchao, Song Yucai, Xue Wanwen, Lu Haifeng, Wang Fuchun, Zhang Yubao, Zhu Tian, Yu Changjie. 2014. Rb-Sr and Sm-Nd isochron ages of the Dongmozhazhua and Mohailaheng Pb-Zn ore deposits in the Yushu area, southern Qinghai and their geological implications. Acta Geologica Sinica, 88(2): 558~569.

    • Tu Guangchi. 2002. Two unique mineralization areas in Southwest China. Bulletin of Mineralogy, Petrology and Geochemistry, 21(1): 1~2 (in Chinese with English abstract).

    • Wang Dandan, Li Baolong, Zhu Dequan, Zhang Chenggong, Zhang Xuecheng. 2015. Zircon U-Pb geochronology of metamorphic complex in the Laojunshan district, Southeastern Yunnan Province and its tectonic implication. Acta Geologica Sinica, 89(10): 1718~1734 (in Chinese with English abstract).

    • Wang Dapeng, Zhang Qian, Liu Yuping, Ye Lin, Lan Jiangbo. 2015. Diagenetic and metallogenic age constraints of the Maguan area, southeastern Yunnan Province. Acta Mineralogica Sinica, S1: 720 (in Chinese with English abstract).

    • Wang Xiaojuan, Liu Yuping, Miao Yingli, Bao Tan, Ye Lin, Zhang Qian. 2014. In-situ LA-MC-ICP-MS cassiterite U-Pb dating of Dulong Sn-Zn polymetallic deposit and its significance. Acta Petrologica Sinica, 30(3): 867~876 (in Chinese with English abstract).

    • Wang Xuekun. 1994. Geological-geochemical characteristics of Xinzhai tin deposit in Malipo. Yunnan Geology, 1(13): 1~15 (in Chinese with English abstract).

    • Wang Yuejun, Fan Weiming, Zhao Guochun, Ji Shaocheng, Peng Touping. 2007. Zircon U-Pb geochronology of gneissic rocks in the Yunkai massif and its implications on the Caledonian event in the South China Block. Gondwana Research, 12(4): 404~416.

    • Wang Yuejun, Zhang Aimei, Fan Weiming, Zhao Guochun, Zhang Guowei, Zhang Yuzhi, Zhang Feifei, Li Sanzhong. 2011. Kwangsian crustal anatexis within the eastern South China Block: Geochemical, zircon U-Pb geochronological and Hf isotopic fingerprints from the gneissoid granites of Wugong and Wuyi-Yunkai Domains. Lithos, 127(1): 239~260.

    • Wu Genyao. 2001. Indosinian foreland fold-and-thrust belt bordering Yunnan and Guangxi, China. Chinese Journal of Geology (Scientia Geologica Sinica), 1: 64~71 (in Chinese with English abstract).

    • Xiong Yiqu, Shao Yongjun, Mao Jingwen, Wu Shichong, Zhou Haodi, Zheng Minghong. 2019. The polymetallic magmatic-hydrothermal Xiangdong and Dalong systems in the W-Sn-Cu-Pb-Zn-Ag Dengfuxian orefield, SE China: Constraints from geology, fluid inclusions, H-O-S-Pb isotopes, and sphalerite Rb-Sr geochronology. Mineralium Deposita, 54(8): 1~24.

    • Xu Bin, Jiang Shaoyong, Wang Rong, Ma Liangma, Zhao Kuidong, Yan Xiong. 2015. Late Cretaceous granites from the giant Dulong Sn-polymetallic ore district in Yunnan Province, South China: Geochronology, geochemistry, mineral chemistry and Nd-Hf isotopic compositions. Lithos, 218: 54~72.

    • Xu Bin, Jiang Shaoyong, Hofmann A W, Wang Rong, Yang Shuiyuan, Zhao Kuidong. 2016. Geochronology and geochemical constraints on petrogenesis of Early Paleozoic granites from the Laojunshan district in Yunnan Province of South China. Gondwana Research, 29(1): 248~263.

    • Xu Cheng, Huang Zhinlong, Qi Liang, Xiao Huayun, Li Wenbo, Liu Congqiang. 2002. REE and isotopic geochemistry of fluorites in the Maoniuping rare-earth deposit, Sichuan Province. Geochimica, 31 (2): 180~190 (in Chinese with English abstract).

    • Yan Danping, Zhou Meifu, Song Honglin, Wang Xinwen, Malpas J. 2003. Origin and tectonic significance of a Mesozoic multi-layer over-thrust system within the Yangtze Block (South China). Tectonophysics, 361(3): 239~254.

    • Yan Danping, Zhou Meifu, Wang Christinayan, Xia Bin. 2006. Structural and geochronological constraints on the tectonic evolution of the Dulong-Song Chay tectonic dome in Yunnan Province, SW China. Journal of Asian Earth Sciences, 28(4): 332~353.

    • Yang Guangshu, Wang Kai, Yan Yongfeng, Jia Fuju, Li Piyou, Mao Zhibo, Zhou Yan. 2019b. Genesis of the ore-bearing skarns in Laojunshan Sn-W-Zn-In polymetallic ore district, southeastern Yunnan Province, China. Acta Petrologica Sinica, 35(11): 3333~3354 (in Chinese with English abstract).

    • Yang Guangshu, Wen Hanjie, Ren Tao, Xu Saihua, Wang Caiyan. 2019a. Geochronology, geochemistry and Hf isotopic composition of Late Cretaceous Laojunshan granites in the western Cathaysia block of South China and their metallogenic and tectonic implications. Ore Geology Reviews, 117: 1~15.

    • Yang Jinhui, Zhou Xinhua. 2001. Rb-Sr, Sm-Nd, and Pb isotope systematics of pyrite: Implications for the age and genesis of lode gold deposits. Geology, 29(8): 711~714.

    • Yang Liqiang, Deng Jun, Goldfarb R J, Zhang Jing, Gao Bangfei, Wang Zhongliang. 2014. 40Ar/39Ar geochronological constraints on the formation of the Dayingezhuang gold deposit: New implications for timing and duration of hydrothermal activity in the Jiaodong gold province, China. Gondwana Research, 25(4): 1469~1483.

    • Yu Haocheng, Li Jun, Qiu Kunfeng, Gou Zongyang, Geng Jianzhen, Liu Wengang, Pang Yao, Wang Boxiong. 2019. Sm-Nd isotope geochemistry of dolomite in the giant Zaozigou Au-Sb deposit, West Qinling, China. Acta Petrologica Sinica, 35(5): 1519~1531 (in Chinese with English abstract).

    • Yuan Shunda, Williams-Jones A E, Mao Jingwen, Zhao Panlao, Yan Chen, Zhang Dongliang. 2018. The origin of the Zhangjialong tungsten deposit, South China: Implications for W-Sn mineralization in large granite batholiths. Economic Geology, 113(5): 1193~1208.

    • Yuan Shunda, Williams-Jones A E, Romer R L, Zhao Panlao, Mao Jingwen. 2019. Protolith-related thermal controls on the decoupling of Sn and W in Sn-W metallogenic provinces: Insights from the Nanling region, China. Economic Geology, 114(5): 1005~1012.

    • Zeng Zhigang, Li Chaoyang, Liu Yuping, Tu Guangchi. 1998. REE geochemistry of scheelite of two genetic types from Nanyangtian, Southeastern Yunnan. Geology and Geochemistry, 26(2): 34~38 (in Chinese with English abstract).

    • Zhang Bin, Zhang Binhui, Chen Minhua. 2016. Pedogeochemical anomalies and Prospecting of the Changtian W-polymetallic deposit. Acta Geologica Sichuan, 36(4): 667~671 (in Chinese with English abstract).

    • Zhang Shitao, Feng Minggang, Lü Wei. 1998. Analysis of the Nanwenhe metamorphic core complex in Southeastern Yunnan. Geological Bulletin of China, 17(4): 390~397 (in Chinese with English abstract).

    • Zhao Panlao, Chu Xu, Williams-Jones A E, Mao Jingwen, Yuan Shunda. 2022a. The role of phyllosilicate partial melting in segregating tungsten and tin deposits in W-Sn metallogenic provinces. Geology, 50(1): 121~125.

    • Zhao Panlao, Yuan Shunda, Williams-Jones A E, Romer R L, Yan Chen, Song Shiwei, Mao Jingwen. 2022b. Temporal separation of W and Sn mineralization by temperature-controlled incongruent melting of a single protolith: Evidence from the Wangxianling area, Nanling region, South China. Economic Geology, 117(3): 667~682.

    • Zhao Panlao, Zajacz Z, Tsay A, Yuan Shunda. 2022c. Magmatic-hydrothermal tin deposits form in response to efficient tin extraction upon magma degassing. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 316: 331~346.

    • Zhao Zhenyu. 2017. The magmatism and genesis of Dulong Zn-Sn polymetallic deposit in Maguan, Yunnan Province. PhD dissertation of China University of Geosciences (Beijing)(in Chinese with English abstract).

    • Zhong Dalai, Wu Genyao, Ji Jianqing, Zhang Qi, Ding Lin. 1998. Ophiolite was discovered in Southeast Yunnan. Chinese Science Bulletin, 13: 1365~1370 (in Chinese with English abstract).

    • 刀学强, 李山志, 韦文彪, 韩红林. 2017. 滇东南老君山西部钨矿类型探讨. 世界有色金属, 8: 296~298.

    • 杜胜江. 2015. 滇东南老君山钨锡多金属矿集区成矿规律及动力学背景. 中国科学院地球化学研究所博士学位论文.

    • 杜胜江, 温汉捷, 秦朝建, 燕永锋, 杨光树, 冯鹏宇. 2014. 云南麻栗坡县马卡钨多金属矿床中铍赋存状态研究及意义. 矿物学报, 34(4): 446~450.

    • 杜胜江, 温汉捷, 张锦让, 秦朝建, 罗重光. 2022. 滇东南老君山矿集区马卡钨铍稀有金属矿床花岗岩年代学归属. 矿物学报, 42(3): 257~269.

    • 冯佳睿. 2011. 云南麻栗坡南秧田钨矿床成矿流体特征与成矿作用. 中国地质科学院博士学位论文.

    • 冯佳睿, 毛景文, 裴荣富, 周振华, 杨宗喜. 2010. 云南瓦渣钨矿区老君山花岗岩体的SHRIMP锆石U-Pb 定年、地球化学特征及成因探讨. 岩石学报, 26(3): 845~857.

    • 冯佳睿, 毛景文, 裴荣富, 李超. 2011. 滇东南老君山地区印支期成矿事件初探——以新寨锡矿床和南秧田钨矿床为例. 矿床地质, 30(1): 57~73.

    • 冯明刚, 张世涛, 吕伟. 2000. 中国祖母绿矿床地质特征及其找矿方向. 云南地质, 19(1): 37~42.

    • 贾福聚. 2010. 云南老君山成矿区成矿系列及成矿规律研究. 昆明理工大学博士学位论文.

    • 蓝江波, 刘玉平, 叶霖, 张乾, 王大鹏, 苏航. 2016. 滇东南燕山晚期老君山花岗岩的地球化学特征与年龄谱系. 矿物学报, 36(4) : 441~454.

    • 李东旭, 许顺山. 2000. 变质核杂岩的旋扭成因——滇东南老君山变质核杂岩的构造解析. 地质论评, 46(2) : 113~120.

    • 李建康, 王登红, 李华芹, 陈郑辉, 梅玉萍. 2013. 云南老君山矿集区的晚侏罗世—早白垩世成矿事件. 地球科学(中国地质大学学报), 38(5): 1023~1036.

    • 刘善宝, 刘战庆, 王成辉, 王登红, 赵正, 胡正华. 2017. 赣东北朱溪超大型钨矿床中白钨矿的稀土、微量元素地球化学特征及其Sm-Nd 定年. 地学前缘, 24(5): 17~30.

    • 刘文刚, 刘卉, 李国占, 周红英, 肖志斌, 涂家润, 李惠民. 2017. 离子交换树脂在地质样品Sr-Nd同位素测定中的应用. 地质学报, 91(11): 2584~2592.

    • 刘文刚, 李国占, 刘卉, 陈印, 肖志斌, 周红英, 张健, 涂家润, 李惠民. 2018. 微量萤石样品消解技术及其Sm-Nd同位素高精度热离子质谱法测试. 地球学报, 39(1): 119~124.

    • 刘玉平, 李朝阳, 谷团, 王金良. 2000. 滇东南老君山中—深变质岩系铅同位素特征及时代归属. 矿物学报, 20(3): 228~232.

    • 刘玉平, 李正祥, 李惠民, 郭利果, 徐伟, 叶霖, 李朝阳, 皮道会. 2007. 都龙锡锌矿床锡石和锆石U-Pb年代学: 滇东南白垩纪大规模花岗岩成岩-成矿事件. 岩石学报, 23(5): 967~976.

    • 刘玉平, 李正祥, 叶霖, 谭洪旗, 李朝阳. 2011. 滇东南老君山矿集区钨成矿作用 Ar-Ar 年代学. 矿物学报, 31: 617~618.

    • 李志昌, 万建华, 杜国民. 1987. 萤石Sm-Nd等时线. 地质地球化学, 9: 67~68.

    • 梅燕雄, 裴荣富, 杨德凤, 戴自希, 李进文, 徐丛荣, 瞿泓滢. 2009. 全球成矿域和成矿区带. 矿床地质, 4: 383~389.

    • 彭建堂, 胡瑞忠, 蒋国豪. 2003b. 萤石Sm-Nd 同位素体系对晴隆锑矿成矿时代和物源的制约. 岩石学报, 19(4): 785~791.

    • 彭建堂, 胡瑞忠, 赵军红, 符亚洲, 林源贤. 2003c. 湘西沃溪Au-Sb-W矿床中白钨矿Sm-Nd和石英Ar-Ar 定年. 科学通报, 48(18): 1976~1981.

    • 彭建堂, 张东亮, 胡瑞忠, 吴梦军, 林源贤. 2008. 湘西渣滓溪钨锑矿床白钨矿的 Sm-Nd和Sr同位素地球化学. 地质学报, 82(11): 1514~1521.

    • 彭建堂, 王川, 李玉坤, 胡阿香, 鲁玉龙, 陈宪佳. 2021. 湖南包金山矿区白钨矿的地球化学特征及Sm-Nd同位素年代学. 岩石学报, 37(3): 665~682.

    • 邱华宁. 1999. 流体包裹体40Ar-39Ar计时技术及其矿床定年应用. 矿物岩石地球化学通报, 18(2): 3~10.

    • 邱华宁, 白秀娟. 2019. 流体包裹体40Ar/39Ar定年技术与应用. 地球科学, 44(3): 685~697.

    • 阙朝阳. 2016. 云南麻栗坡南温河—洒西一带钨成矿系统及找矿方向研究. 中国地质大学(北京)博士学位论文.

    • 谭洪旗, 刘玉平, 徐伟, 郭利果, 叶霖, 李朝阳. 2011. 中-浅正变质岩锆石SHRIMP法与TIMS法测年结果不一致处理——以滇东南南温河花岗岩为例. 矿物学报, 31(1): 62~69.

    • 涂光炽. 2002. 我国西南地区两个别具一格的成矿带 (域). 矿物岩石地球化学通报, 21(1): 1~2.

    • 王丹丹, 李宝龙, 朱德全, 张承功, 张学成. 2015. 滇东南老君山地区变质岩锆石U-Pb年代学及其构造意义. 地质学报, 89(10): 1718~1734.

    • 王大鹏, 张乾, 刘玉平, 叶霖, 蓝江波. 2015. 滇东南马关县南捞地区成岩、成矿时代约束. 矿物学报, S1: 720.

    • 王小娟, 刘玉平, 缪应理, 鲍谈, 叶霖, 张乾. 2014. 都龙锡锌多金属矿床LA-MC-ICPMS锡石U-Pb测年及其意义. 岩石学报, 30(3): 867~876.

    • 王学焜. 1994. 麻栗坡新寨锡矿床地质地球化学特征. 云南地质, 1(13): 1~15.

    • 吴根耀. 2001. 滇桂交界区印支期前陆褶皱冲断带. 地质科学, 1: 64~71.

    • 许成, 黄智龙, 漆亮, 肖化云, 李文博, 刘丛强. 2002. 四川牦牛坪稀土矿床萤石稀土元素、同位素地球化学. 地球化学, 31 (2): 180~190.

    • 杨光树, 王凯, 燕永锋, 贾福聚, 李丕优, 毛致博, 周艳. 2019b. 滇东南老君山锡-钨-锌-铟多金属矿集区含矿矽卡岩成因研究. 岩石学报, 35(11): 3333~3354.

    • 于皓丞, 李俊, 邱昆峰, 勾宗洋, 耿建珍, 刘文刚, 庞瑶, 王博雄. 2019. 西秦岭甘南早子沟金锑矿床白云石Sm-Nd同位素地球化学及其意义. 岩石学报, 35(5): 1519~1531.

    • 曾志刚, 李朝阳, 刘玉平, 涂光炽. 1998. 滇东南南秧田两种不同成因类型白钨矿的稀土元素地球化学特征. 地质地球化学, 26(2): 34~38.

    • 张彬, 张斌辉, 陈敏华. 2016. 长田钨多金属矿土壤地球化学异常特征及找矿. 四川地质学报, 36(4): 667~671.

    • 张东亮. 2009. 矿物中稀土元素扩散作用的理论研究: 兼论白钨矿Sm-Nd定年方法的可靠性. 中国科学院地球化学研究所博士学位论.

    • 张世涛, 冯明刚, 吕伟. 1998. 滇东南南温河变质核杂岩解析. 中国区域地质, 17(4): 390~397.

    • 赵震宇. 2017. 云南省马关县都龙锌锡多金属矿床——岩浆作用及矿床成因研究. 中国地质大学 (北京)博士学位论文.

    • 锺大赉, 吴根耀, 季建清, 张旗, 丁林. 1998. 滇东南发现蛇绿岩. 科学通报, 13: 1365~1370.