引用本文：邵济安.2020.从深部背景看燕山陆内造山作用的主因[J].地质学报,94(8):2190-2199. SHAO Ji’an.2020.The dominant factors of the Yanshan intracontinental orogen yseen from its deep background[J].Acta Geologica Sinica,94(8):2190-2199.
Abstract:The Mesozoic Yanshan orogenic belt in the North China is typical of intracontinental orogeny, but there are divergent views on the dynamic mechanism of its orogeny. In this article an attempt is made to explore the key factors in the intracontinental orogeny by comprehensively investigating the structures at different depths of the lithosphere to discover the main characteristics of the Mesozoic tectonic movement in the Yanshan belt. At first, with the Jining Chengde basement lithospheric fault belt as an example, activation of the preexisting weak structure belts is studied in terms of geological actions at different depth levels: (1) the surface faulted basins and their volcanic sedimentary formations, (2) the different swells of block structures, (3) the rheological deformation and thermal activity, (4) the mantle derived or crust mantle miscible volcanism. Secondly, weakening of the lithosphere is investigated through the mantle- derived fusion fluid metasomatism. Finally, by taking into account the tomographic imaging of the lithospheric structures, it can be concluded that (1) the upwelling of mantle diapir is the most important background of Mesozoic intracontinental orogeny in the North China Craton, and (2) that the effects of interaction between adjacent plates should not be excluded. Finally, from comparison with other typical intracontinental orogenic beltsabroad, it is further recognized that deep mantle material upwelling and isostatic adjustment of upper lithosphere materialsare essential differences of the intracontinental orogeny from the continental margin orogeny.