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东北那丹哈达岭中-新生代构造-热演化史:来自(U-Th)/He和裂变径迹热年代学的证据
投稿时间:2020-09-25  修订日期:2020-11-11  点此下载全文
引用本文:
DOI:10.19762/j.cnki.dizhixuebao.2021054
摘要点击次数: 48
全文下载次数: 84
作者单位地址
杨雪叶 中国地质科学院地质研究所自然资源部深地动力学重点实验室 中国地质科学院地质研究所
尹继元 中国地质科学院地质研究所自然资源部深地动力学重点实验室 中国地质科学院地质研究所
肖文交 中国科学院新疆生态与地理研究所新疆矿产资源研究中心 
陈文 中国地质科学院地质研究所自然资源部深地动力学重点实验室 
陈岳龙 中国地质大学(北京)地球科学与资源学院 
孙敬博 中国地质科学院地质研究所自然资源部深地动力学重点实验室 
张斌 中国科学院地质与地球物理研究所岩石圈演化国家重点实验室 
王雅美 中国地质科学院地质研究所自然资源部深地动力学重点实验室 
基金项目:国家重点研发计划项目(No.2017YFC0601301);中国地质调查项目(编号:DD20190001,DD20190004);自然资源部深地动力学重点实验室开放课题基金(No.J1901-5);国家自然科学基金项目(项目号:41873060和41830216);IGCP 662资助成果
中文摘要:中国东北的那丹哈达岭地区位于中亚造山带最东部,它的中-新生代的热演化史是认识陆内造山活动的关键,但该地区相关研究比较薄弱,其中-新生代的热演化史缺乏有效的约束。因此本文应用磷灰石裂变径迹、锆石和磷灰石(U-Th)/He等多种低温热年代学方法,对东北那丹哈达岭地区的侵入岩开展构造热演化历史研究。热年代学数据和热史模拟结果表明,该地区存在早白垩世晚期-晚白垩世(110~80 Ma)、古新世-始新世(60~40 Ma)两期快速冷却事件,其冷却速率分别为3.42~4.81℃/Ma和1.43~1.83℃/Ma。结合区域构造和应力分析,我们认为两期冷却事件均受构造活动控制。第一期快速冷却事件是古太平洋板块北西向俯冲引发的构造叠加到鄂霍特莫茨克地块并与东亚大陆边缘碰撞引起;而第二期快速冷却事件是古太平洋俯冲的板片后撤使东亚陆缘处于伸展环境,造成东北大面积的剥露作用引起。这次研究增强了对东亚陆缘中新生代构造-热演化历史的认识,对于理解大陆内部造山带的构造变形过程与机理具有重要意义。
中文关键词:中国东北  那丹哈达岭  低温热年代学  古太平洋俯冲  冷却剥露历史
 
Late Mesozoic and Cenozoic tectono-thermal history of Nadanhada region, NE China: Evidence from combined fission track and (U-Th)/He thermochronology
Author NameAffiliationAddress
YANG Xueye Key Laboratory of Deep-Earth Dynamics of Ministry of Natural Resources,Institute of Geology,Chinese Academy of Geological Sciences 中国地质科学院地质研究所
YIN Jiyuan Key Laboratory of Deep-Earth Dynamics of Ministry of Natural ResourcesInstitute of GeologyChinese Academy of Geological Sciences 中国地质科学院地质研究所
XIAO Wenjiao Xinjiang Research Center for Mineral ResourcesXinjiang Institute of Ecology and GeographyChinese Academy of Sciences 
CHEN Wen Key Laboratory of Deep-Earth Dynamics of Ministry of Natural ResourcesInstitute of GeologyChinese Academy of Geological Sciences 
CHEN Yuelong School of Earth Sciences and ResourcesChina University of Geosciences 
SUN Jingbo Key Laboratory of Deep-Earth Dynamics of Ministry of Natural ResourcesInstitute of GeologyChinese Academy of Geological Sciences 
ZHANG Bin State Key Laboratory of Lithospheric EvolutionInstitute of Geology and GeophysicsChinese Academy of Sciences 
WANG Yamei Key Laboratory of Deep-Earth Dynamics of Ministry of Natural ResourcesInstitute of GeologyChinese Academy of Geological Sciences 
Abstract:The Nadanhada region in northeast China is located in the easternmost part of the Central Asian orogenic belt. Its Late Mesozoic-Cenozoic tectono-thermal evolution history is the key to know the orogenic activity of the continental margin. However, previous studies in this area are weak, and the Mesozoic-Cenozoic thermal evolution history is lack of effective constraints. So we take Nadanhada region as the main research area in this study and provide a multiple low temperature thermochronological methods including the apatite fission track, zircon and apatite (U-Th) / He to study the tectonic thermal evolution history of intrusive rocks in the area. The results of thermochronology and thermal history simulation show that there are two rapid cooling events in the late early Cretaceous to late Cretaceous (110~80 Ma) and Paleocene to Eocene (60~40 Ma), with cooling rates of 3.42~4.81 ℃/ Ma and 1.43~1.83 ℃/ Ma, respectively. Combined with the history of regional tectonic setting and the geological data, the two cooling processes are controlled by Pacific subduction. The rapid cooling in the late Cretaceous was caused by the change of the subduction direction of the Pacific plate and the collision between the Okhotsk block and the East Asian continental margin. The Eocene rapid cooling was mainly caused by the subduction roll-back of the Pacific plate,which placed the East Asian continental margin in an extensional environment, resulting in the exhumation and the following cooling events at most areas in Northeast China. This study enhances understanding of the Mesozoic-Cenozoic tectono-thermal evolution history of the East Asian continental margin, and it is of great significance to understand the process and mechanism of tectonic deformation in intracontinental orogenic belt.
keywords:NE China  Nadanhada  low-temperature thermochronology  paleo-Pacific subduction  cooling and exhumation history
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