Abstract:South China is one of the best developed areas on the geological researches in China. Understanding of the pre-Jurassic tectonic evolution of South China have been significantly improved recently based on the newly obtained data and discoveries. Combining our own new results, this paper reviewed literature new results and new data and analysed new scientific problems. The major advances on the South China geology include (1) the Precambrian geological features such as the tectonic framework of multiple terranes, the location of collision/suturing zone between the Yangtze and Cathaysia blocks, the nature of so called Cathaysia Oldland and Neoproterozoic metamorphism, (2) the formation time and evidence for Proto-South China Continent, (3) the tectonic significence of the Early Paleozoic folded belt in South China, including pretectonic setting of intracontinental orogeny, evidence and indications of of intracontinental orogeny, formation of widespread S-type granitic magmatism and the drive mechanism of the intracontinental orogeny, (4) the Late Paleozoic depositional environment and the Early Mesozoic tectonism and granitic magmatism, such as the stratigraphic sequences and the depositional environment of the radiolarian-bearing cherts, the nature and origin of Early-Middle Triassic S-type granitoids, and the geodynamics of the Early Mesozoic tectonic and magmatic event. This paper also discussed several critical problems or mistakes in the geological studies of the South China. With this article, we look forward to drawing attentions of the geological society and to promoting the study of the South China geology.