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陕西耀县上奥陶统桃曲坡组下部钾质斑脱岩U-Pb年龄的首次报道
投稿时间:2016-03-29  修订日期:2016-05-25  点此下载全文
引用本文:王振涛,周洪瑞,王训练,景秀春,马伯永.2018.陕西耀县上奥陶统桃曲坡组下部钾质斑脱岩U-Pb年龄的首次报道[J].地质学报,92(2):330-340
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作者单位E-mail
王振涛 1) 中国地质科学院矿产资源研究所 国土资源部盐湖资源与环境重点实验室北京100037 wangz@cags.ac.cn;gibson_wong@foxmail.com 
周洪瑞 2) 中国地质大学(北京)地球科学与资源学院, 北京, 100083  
王训练 2) 中国地质大学(北京)地球科学与资源学院, 北京, 100083  
景秀春 2) 中国地质大学(北京)地球科学与资源学院, 北京, 100083  
马伯永 3) 中国地质调查局北京100037  
基金项目:国家重点基础研究发展计划(973计划)课题“鄂尔多斯奥陶纪古陆表海盆成钾条件、机理和后期演化”(编号: 2011CB403001)
中文摘要:华北克拉通上奥陶统的发现和地质时代的确定一直颇受重视。前人通过对华北奥陶系顶部地层中牙形石和笔石记录的核实,将耀县桃曲坡组的顶限定在笔石 Diplacanthograptus spiniferus 带结束的位置(凯迪阶下部),该位置代表了华北奥陶系的最高层位。而《中国地层表》(2014)将桃曲坡组的底置于艾家山阶和钱塘江阶分界处附近,后者略高于上述笔石生物带结束的位置,可见分歧是明显的,亟需来自绝对年龄资料的约束。笔者在耀县桃曲坡组下部发现了一层斑脱岩,地球化学数据揭示了其富钾质特征(K2O>Na2O),K2O含量(381%)接近鄂尔多斯盆地南缘奥陶系17个斑脱岩样品的平均值(475%)。锆石LA ICP MS U Pb 测年表明其就位年龄为4537±33 Ma(MSWD = 025),考虑到采样层位接近桃曲坡组的底界,认为桃曲坡组的底可置于454 Ma(桑比阶晚期)。这与前人在周缘地区上奥陶统斑脱岩获得的年龄在误差范围内一致,表明本文获得的年龄是可信的。因此,《中国地层表》(2014)中桃曲坡组的底界需要适当下移。
中文关键词:华北克拉通  奥陶系  桃曲坡组  钾质斑脱岩  锆石  LA-ICP-MS
 
First Report on Zircon U-Pb Geochronology of K-bentonites from the Lower Part of the Upper Ordovician Taoqupo Formation in Yaoxian,Shaanxi
NameInstitution
WANG Zhentao1) MLR Key Laboratory of Saline Lake Resources and Environments, Institute of Mineral Resources, CAGS, Beijing, 100037
ZHOU Hongrui2) School of the Earth Sciences and Resources, China University of Geosciences, Beijing, 100083
WANG Xunlian2) School of the Earth Sciences and Resources, China University of Geosciences, Beijing, 100083
JING Xiuchun2) School of the Earth Sciences and Resources, China University of Geosciences, Beijing, 100083
MA Boyong3) China Geological Survey, Beijing, 100037
Abstract:Discovery of theUpper Ordovician in the North China Craton and determination of its geological time has received considerable concerns. By verifying the previous records of conodont and graptolite in the top part of the Ordovician carbonate sequences at different localities, this study defined top of the Taoqupo Formation in Yaoxian County within the closure position (44973 Ma, the early Katian) of graptolite Diplacanthograptus spiniferus Biozone. This position represents the highest sequence of the Orvocician in North China. However, The Stratigraphic Chart of China (2014) placed the top of the Taoqupo Formation around the division line between Qiantangjiangian and Hirnantian Stages (4456 Ma), with the latter slightly higher than the end position of the graptolite biozone. The difference is evident and needs absolute age data. This study found one layer of bentonite at the lower part (about 5m to the bottom) of the Taoqupo Formation in Yaoxian. Geochemical data of bentonite samples reveal that they are potassium rich feature (K2O>Na2O), with K2O content of 381% close to the average value (475%) of 17 Ordovician bentonite samples from the southern margin of the Ordos Basin. Zircon LA ICP MS U Pb dating shows that the bentonite bed emplaced at 4537±33 Ma (MSWD = 025). Considering sampling sequences and relatively quick sedimentary rate of the limestone, it can be concluded that the bottom of the Taoqupo Formation is at 454 Ma (late Sandbian Stage). The age obtained in this paper is consistent with the previously obtained data, with deviation within the error range, indicating that the age in this paper is credible. Therefore, the bottom boundary of the Taoqupo Formation in The Stratigraphic Chart of China (2014) should shift downward appropriately.
keywords:North China Craton  Ordovician  Taoqupo Formation  K bentonite  zircon  LA-ICP-MS
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