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中国非常规油气勘探开发与理论技术进展
投稿时间:2015-02-15  修订日期:2015-05-07  点此下载全文
引用本文:邹才能,杨智,朱如凯,张国生,侯连华,吴松涛,陶士振,袁选俊,董大忠,王玉满,王岚,黄金亮,王淑芳.2015.中国非常规油气勘探开发与理论技术进展[J].地质学报,89(6):979-1007.
ZOU Caineng,YANG Zhi,ZHU Rukai,ZHANG Guosheng,HOU Lianhua,WU Songtao,TAO Shizhen,YUAN Xuanjun,DONG Dazhong,WANG Yuman,WANG Lan,HUANG Jinliang,WANG Shufang.2015.Progress in China's Unconventional Oil & Gas Exploration and Development and Theoretical Technologies[J].Acta Geologica Sinica,89(6):979-1007.
DOI:
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作者单位E-mail
邹才能 中国石油勘探开发研究院北京100083 zcn@petrochina.com.cn 
杨智 中国石油勘探开发研究院北京100083  
朱如凯 中国石油勘探开发研究院北京100083  
张国生 中国石油勘探开发研究院北京100083  
侯连华 中国石油勘探开发研究院北京100083  
吴松涛 中国石油勘探开发研究院北京100083  
陶士振 中国石油勘探开发研究院北京100083  
袁选俊 中国石油勘探开发研究院北京100083  
董大忠 中国石油勘探开发研究院北京100083  
王玉满 中国石油勘探开发研究院北京100083  
王岚 中国石油勘探开发研究院北京100083  
黄金亮 中国石油勘探开发研究院北京100083  
王淑芳 中国石油勘探开发研究院北京100083  
中文摘要:新世纪非常规油气获战略突破,微纳米孔喉页岩系统油气成为油气资源接替的重要新领域,非常规油气资源在能源格局中的地位愈发重要。致密气、煤层气、重油、沥青砂等已成为勘探开发的重点领域,致密油成为亮点领域,页岩气成为热点领域。中国在致密气、页岩气、致密油、煤层气等非常规油气资源勘探开发获重要突破,油页岩、天然气水合物、重油、油砂矿等获重要进展,初步评价中国非常规石油资源量(223~263)×108t,天然气资源量(890~1260)×1012m3。中国非常规油气研究取得重大进展,细粒沉积学在陆相敞流湖盆大型浅水三角洲砂体、湖盆中心砂质碎屑流沉积、海陆相细粒沉积等研究新进展,提供了盆地中心储集体形成和分布的理论依据;非常规储层地质学在研究方法技术、多尺度数据融合、地层条件物理模拟等方面取得重大进展,多方法多尺度整体表征非常规储层已成为研究热点,推动了非常规油气地质学地质理论和方法技术快速发展;创新发展了连续型油气聚集理论,构建了非常规油气地质学理论体系框架,明确了非常规油气地质研究的内涵、地质特征、形成机理、分布规律和核心技术,为大面积非常规油气规模勘探开发奠定了理论基础;非常规油气勘探开发技术方法快速发展,涌现了烃源性、岩性、物性、脆性、含油气性与应力各向异性评价等“六特性”、“甜点区”地质-工程综合评价等核心评价方法,微地震监测、水平井钻完井、“工厂化”生产、“人工油气藏”等开发工程核心理念和技术,推动非常规油气“革命性发展”。非常规油气的突破,带来了坚持理论创新、坚持核心技术进步等4点重要启示,对延长石油工业生命周期、推动理论技术升级换代、改变能源格局具有深远意义。
中文关键词:非常规油气  非常规油气地质学  细粒沉积学  非常规储层地质学  “人工油气藏”开发  微纳米级孔喉  致密气  致密油  页岩气  页岩油
 
Progress in China's Unconventional Oil & Gas Exploration and Development and Theoretical Technologies
Author NameAffiliationE-mail
ZOU Caineng  zcn@petrochina.com.cn 
YANG Zhi   
ZHU Rukai   
ZHANG Guosheng   
HOU Lianhua   
WU Songtao   
TAO Shizhen   
YUAN Xuanjun   
DONG Dazhong   
WANG Yuman   
WANG Lan   
HUANG Jinliang   
WANG Shufang   
Abstract:The new century has witnessed a strategic breakthrough in unconventional oil & gas. Hydrocarbon accumulated in micro /nano scale pore throat shale systems has become an important domain that could replace current oil & gas resources. Unconventional oil & gas plays an increasingly important role in our energy mix. Tight gas, CBM, heavy oil and asphaltic sand have served as a key domain of exploration & development, with tight oil becoming a 'bright spot' domain and shale gas becoming a 'hotspot' domain. China has made great breakthroughs in unconventional oil & gas resources, such as tight gas, shale gas, tight oil and CBM, and great progress in oil shale, gas hydrate, heavy oil and oil sand. China has an estimated (223~263)×108 t of unconventional oil resources and (890~1260)×1012 m3 of gas resources. China has made a breakthrough for progress in unconventional oil & gas study. New progress achieved in fine grained sedimentary studies related to continental open lacustrine basin large scale shallow water delta sand bodies, lacustrine basin central sandy clastic flow sediments and marine continental fine grained sediments provide a theoretical basis for the formation and distribution of basin central reservoir bodies. Great breakthroughs have been made in unconventional reservoir geology in respect of research methodology & technology, multi scale data merging and physical simulation of formation conditions. Overall characterization of unconventional reservoirs via multi method and multi scale becomes increasingly popular and facilitates the rapid development of unconventional oil & gas geological theory, method and technology. The formation of innovative, continuous hydrocarbon accumulation theory, the establishment of the framework of the unconventional oil & gas geological theory system, and the determination of the implications, geological feature, formation mechanism, distribution rule and core technology of unconventional oil & gas geological study lays a theoretical foundation for extensive unconventional oil & gas exploration and development. Theories and technologies of unconventional oil & gas exploration and development developed rapidly, including some key evaluation techniques such as 'sweet spot zone' integrated evaluation and a six property evaluation technique that uses hydrocarbon source, lithology, physical property, brittleness, hydrocarbon potential and stress anisotropy, and some key development & engineering technologies including micro seismic monitoring, horizontal drilling & completion and "factory like" operation pattern, "man made reservoir" development, which have facilitated the innovative development of unconventional oil & gas. These breakthroughs define a new understanding in four aspects: ①theoretical innovation; ② key technologies; ③ complete market mechanism and national policy support; and ④ well developed ground infrastructure, which are significant for prolonging the life cycle of petroleum industry, accelerating the upgrade and development of theories and technologies and altering the global traditional energy structure.
keywords:Unconventional oil and gas  fine grained sedimentology  unconventional reservoir geology  “man made reservoir” development  micro /nano scale pore throat  tight gas  tight oil  shale gas  shale oil
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